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Add the Catch header
authorMartin Quinson <martin.quinson@ens-rennes.fr>
Wed, 30 Jan 2019 23:39:49 +0000 (00:39 +0100)
committerMartin Quinson <martin.quinson@ens-rennes.fr>
Wed, 30 Jan 2019 23:39:53 +0000 (00:39 +0100)
This is a header-only library for unit-testing. Including the header
in our project is the recommended way of using it. No need to test for
its presence, then.

Boost::unit_test_framework shall soon vanish from our tree. Testing
for its presence is too bothersome, and Catch seems easier to use
anyway.

COPYING
src/include/catch.hpp [new file with mode: 0644]
tools/cmake/DefinePackages.cmake

diff --git a/COPYING b/COPYING
index 077d68a..be4700e 100644 (file)
--- a/COPYING
+++ b/COPYING
@@ -185,6 +185,34 @@ Copyright:
 License: GPL-3+ and LGPL-2.1
 Comment: Generated with the Bison processor generator (which is GPL-3+) using SimGrid configuration files (that are LGPL-2.1) 
 
+Files: src/include/catch.hpp
+Copyright:
+  Copyright (c) 2018 Two Blue Cubes Ltd. 
+License: BSL-1.0
+
+License: BSL-1.0
+ Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person or organization
+ obtaining a copy of the software and accompanying documentation covered by
+ this license (the "Software") to use, reproduce, display, distribute,
+ execute, and transmit the Software, and to prepare derivative works of the
+ Software, and to permit third-parties to whom the Software is furnished to
+ do so, all subject to the following:
+ .
+ The copyright notices in the Software and this entire statement, including
+ the above license grant, this restriction and the following disclaimer,
+ must be included in all copies of the Software, in whole or in part, and
+ all derivative works of the Software, unless such copies or derivative
+ works are solely in the form of machine-executable object code generated by
+ a source language processor.
+ .
+ THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
+ IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
+ FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT
+ SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS OR ANYONE DISTRIBUTING THE SOFTWARE BE LIABLE
+ FOR ANY DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE,
+ ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER
+ DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
+
 Files: teshsuite/smpi/isp/umpire/*
 Copyright: 2000-2003, Bronis R. de Supinski
 Comment: this licensing info was provided by the author per email
diff --git a/src/include/catch.hpp b/src/include/catch.hpp
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..b1b2411
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,14362 @@
+/*
+ *  Catch v2.5.0
+ *  Generated: 2018-11-26 20:46:12.165372
+ *  ----------------------------------------------------------
+ *  This file has been merged from multiple headers. Please don't edit it directly
+ *  Copyright (c) 2018 Two Blue Cubes Ltd. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ *  Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying
+ *  file LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)
+ */
+#ifndef TWOBLUECUBES_SINGLE_INCLUDE_CATCH_HPP_INCLUDED
+#define TWOBLUECUBES_SINGLE_INCLUDE_CATCH_HPP_INCLUDED
+// start catch.hpp
+
+
+#define CATCH_VERSION_MAJOR 2
+#define CATCH_VERSION_MINOR 5
+#define CATCH_VERSION_PATCH 0
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#    pragma clang system_header
+#elif defined __GNUC__
+#    pragma GCC system_header
+#endif
+
+// start catch_suppress_warnings.h
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#   ifdef __ICC // icpc defines the __clang__ macro
+#       pragma warning(push)
+#       pragma warning(disable: 161 1682)
+#   else // __ICC
+#       pragma clang diagnostic push
+#       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wpadded"
+#       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wswitch-enum"
+#       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wcovered-switch-default"
+#    endif
+#elif defined __GNUC__
+     // GCC likes to warn on REQUIREs, and we cannot suppress them
+     // locally because g++'s support for _Pragma is lacking in older,
+     // still supported, versions
+#    pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wparentheses"
+#    pragma GCC diagnostic push
+#    pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wunused-variable"
+#    pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wpadded"
+#endif
+// end catch_suppress_warnings.h
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_MAIN) || defined(CATCH_CONFIG_RUNNER)
+#  define CATCH_IMPL
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_ALL_PARTS
+#endif
+
+// In the impl file, we want to have access to all parts of the headers
+// Can also be used to sanely support PCHs
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ALL_PARTS)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_EXTERNAL_INTERFACES
+#  if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_MATCHERS)
+#    undef CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_MATCHERS
+#  endif
+#  if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_CHRONO_STRINGMAKER)
+#    define CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_CHRONO_STRINGMAKER
+#  endif
+#endif
+
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_IMPL_ONLY)
+// start catch_platform.h
+
+#ifdef __APPLE__
+# include <TargetConditionals.h>
+# if TARGET_OS_OSX == 1
+#  define CATCH_PLATFORM_MAC
+# elif TARGET_OS_IPHONE == 1
+#  define CATCH_PLATFORM_IPHONE
+# endif
+
+#elif defined(linux) || defined(__linux) || defined(__linux__)
+#  define CATCH_PLATFORM_LINUX
+
+#elif defined(WIN32) || defined(__WIN32__) || defined(_WIN32) || defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__MINGW32__)
+#  define CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
+#endif
+
+// end catch_platform.h
+
+#ifdef CATCH_IMPL
+#  ifndef CLARA_CONFIG_MAIN
+#    define CLARA_CONFIG_MAIN_NOT_DEFINED
+#    define CLARA_CONFIG_MAIN
+#  endif
+#endif
+
+// start catch_user_interfaces.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+    unsigned int rngSeed();
+}
+
+// end catch_user_interfaces.h
+// start catch_tag_alias_autoregistrar.h
+
+// start catch_common.h
+
+// start catch_compiler_capabilities.h
+
+// Detect a number of compiler features - by compiler
+// The following features are defined:
+//
+// CATCH_CONFIG_COUNTER : is the __COUNTER__ macro supported?
+// CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH : is Windows SEH supported?
+// CATCH_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS : are POSIX signals supported?
+// CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS : Are exceptions enabled?
+// ****************
+// Note to maintainers: if new toggles are added please document them
+// in configuration.md, too
+// ****************
+
+// In general each macro has a _NO_<feature name> form
+// (e.g. CATCH_CONFIG_NO_POSIX_SIGNALS) which disables the feature.
+// Many features, at point of detection, define an _INTERNAL_ macro, so they
+// can be combined, en-mass, with the _NO_ forms later.
+
+#ifdef __cplusplus
+
+#  if (__cplusplus >= 201402L) || (defined(_MSVC_LANG) && _MSVC_LANG >= 201402L)
+#    define CATCH_CPP14_OR_GREATER
+#  endif
+
+#  if (__cplusplus >= 201703L) || (defined(_MSVC_LANG) && _MSVC_LANG >= 201703L)
+#    define CATCH_CPP17_OR_GREATER
+#  endif
+
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CPP17_OR_GREATER)
+#  define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTIONS
+#endif
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+
+#       define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+            _Pragma( "clang diagnostic push" ) \
+            _Pragma( "clang diagnostic ignored \"-Wexit-time-destructors\"" ) \
+            _Pragma( "clang diagnostic ignored \"-Wglobal-constructors\"")
+#       define CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+            _Pragma( "clang diagnostic pop" )
+
+#       define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS \
+            _Pragma( "clang diagnostic push" ) \
+            _Pragma( "clang diagnostic ignored \"-Wparentheses\"" )
+#       define CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS \
+            _Pragma( "clang diagnostic pop" )
+
+#       define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_WARNINGS \
+            _Pragma( "clang diagnostic push" ) \
+            _Pragma( "clang diagnostic ignored \"-Wunused-variable\"" )
+#       define CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_UNUSED_WARNINGS \
+            _Pragma( "clang diagnostic pop" )
+
+#endif // __clang__
+
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// Assume that non-Windows platforms support posix signals by default
+#if !defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS)
+    #define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS
+#endif
+
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// We know some environments not to support full POSIX signals
+#if defined(__CYGWIN__) || defined(__QNX__) || defined(__EMSCRIPTEN__) || defined(__DJGPP__)
+    #define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_POSIX_SIGNALS
+#endif
+
+#ifdef __OS400__
+#       define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_POSIX_SIGNALS
+#       define CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_NONE
+#endif
+
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// Android somehow still does not support std::to_string
+#if defined(__ANDROID__)
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_CPP11_TO_STRING
+#endif
+
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// Not all Windows environments support SEH properly
+#if defined(__MINGW32__)
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_WINDOWS_SEH
+#endif
+
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// PS4
+#if defined(__ORBIS__)
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_NEW_CAPTURE
+#endif
+
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// Cygwin
+#ifdef __CYGWIN__
+
+// Required for some versions of Cygwin to declare gettimeofday
+// see: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/36901803/gettimeofday-not-declared-in-this-scope-cygwin
+#   define _BSD_SOURCE
+// some versions of cygwin (most) do not support std::to_string. Use the libstd check.
+// https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc-4.8.2/libstdc++/api/a01053_source.html line 2812-2813
+# if !((__cplusplus >= 201103L) && defined(_GLIBCXX_USE_C99) \
+              && !defined(_GLIBCXX_HAVE_BROKEN_VSWPRINTF))
+
+#      define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_CPP11_TO_STRING
+
+# endif
+#endif // __CYGWIN__
+
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// Visual C++
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+
+#  if _MSC_VER >= 1900 // Visual Studio 2015 or newer
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTIONS
+#  endif
+
+// Universal Windows platform does not support SEH
+// Or console colours (or console at all...)
+#  if defined(WINAPI_FAMILY) && (WINAPI_FAMILY == WINAPI_FAMILY_APP)
+#    define CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_NONE
+#  else
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH
+#  endif
+
+// MSVC traditional preprocessor needs some workaround for __VA_ARGS__
+// _MSVC_TRADITIONAL == 0 means new conformant preprocessor
+// _MSVC_TRADITIONAL == 1 means old traditional non-conformant preprocessor
+#  if !defined(_MSVC_TRADITIONAL) || (defined(_MSVC_TRADITIONAL) && _MSVC_TRADITIONAL)
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+#  endif
+
+#endif // _MSC_VER
+
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// Check if we are compiled with -fno-exceptions or equivalent
+#if defined(__EXCEPTIONS) || defined(__cpp_exceptions) || defined(_CPPUNWIND)
+#  define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_EXCEPTIONS_ENABLED
+#endif
+
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// DJGPP
+#ifdef __DJGPP__
+#  define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_WCHAR
+#endif // __DJGPP__
+
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// Embarcadero C++Build
+#if defined(__BORLANDC__)
+    #define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_POLYFILL_ISNAN
+#endif
+
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+
+// Use of __COUNTER__ is suppressed during code analysis in
+// CLion/AppCode 2017.2.x and former, because __COUNTER__ is not properly
+// handled by it.
+// Otherwise all supported compilers support COUNTER macro,
+// but user still might want to turn it off
+#if ( !defined(__JETBRAINS_IDE__) || __JETBRAINS_IDE__ >= 20170300L )
+    #define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_COUNTER
+#endif
+
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// Check if string_view is available and usable
+// The check is split apart to work around v140 (VS2015) preprocessor issue...
+#if defined(__has_include)
+#if __has_include(<string_view>) && defined(CATCH_CPP17_OR_GREATER)
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_STRING_VIEW
+#endif
+#endif
+
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// Check if variant is available and usable
+#if defined(__has_include)
+#  if __has_include(<variant>) && defined(CATCH_CPP17_OR_GREATER)
+#    if defined(__clang__) && (__clang_major__ < 8)
+       // work around clang bug with libstdc++ https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=31852
+       // fix should be in clang 8, workaround in libstdc++ 8.2
+#      include <ciso646>
+#      if defined(__GLIBCXX__) && defined(_GLIBCXX_RELEASE) && (_GLIBCXX_RELEASE < 9)
+#        define CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP17_VARIANT
+#     else
+#        define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_VARIANT
+#      endif // defined(__GLIBCXX__) && defined(_GLIBCXX_RELEASE) && (_GLIBCXX_RELEASE < 9)
+#    endif // defined(__clang__) && (__clang_major__ < 8)
+#  endif // __has_include(<variant>) && defined(CATCH_CPP17_OR_GREATER)
+#endif // __has_include
+
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_COUNTER) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_COUNTER) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_COUNTER)
+#   define CATCH_CONFIG_COUNTER
+#endif
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_WINDOWS_SEH) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH) && !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_WINDOWS_SEH)
+#   define CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH
+#endif
+// This is set by default, because we assume that unix compilers are posix-signal-compatible by default.
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS) && !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_POSIX_SIGNALS) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_POSIX_SIGNALS) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS)
+#   define CATCH_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS
+#endif
+// This is set by default, because we assume that compilers with no wchar_t support are just rare exceptions.
+#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_WCHAR) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_WCHAR) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_WCHAR)
+#   define CATCH_CONFIG_WCHAR
+#endif
+
+#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_CPP11_TO_STRING) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP11_TO_STRING) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_TO_STRING)
+#    define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_TO_STRING
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTIONS) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP17_UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTIONS) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTIONS)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTIONS
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_STRING_VIEW) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP17_STRING_VIEW) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_STRING_VIEW)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_STRING_VIEW
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_VARIANT) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP17_VARIANT) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_VARIANT)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_VARIANT
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL_REDIRECT)
+#  define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NEW_CAPTURE
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NEW_CAPTURE) && !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_NEW_CAPTURE) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_NEW_CAPTURE) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NEW_CAPTURE)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_NEW_CAPTURE
+#endif
+
+#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_EXCEPTIONS_ENABLED) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_POLYFILL_ISNAN) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_POLYFILL_ISNAN) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_POLYFILL_ISNAN)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_POLYFILL_ISNAN
+#endif
+
+#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS)
+#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS
+#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS
+#endif
+#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS)
+#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS
+#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS
+#endif
+#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_WARNINGS)
+#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_WARNINGS
+#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_UNUSED_WARNINGS
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
+#define CATCH_TRY if ((true))
+#define CATCH_CATCH_ALL if ((false))
+#define CATCH_CATCH_ANON(type) if ((false))
+#else
+#define CATCH_TRY try
+#define CATCH_CATCH_ALL catch (...)
+#define CATCH_CATCH_ANON(type) catch (type)
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR)
+#define CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+#endif
+
+// end catch_compiler_capabilities.h
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME_LINE2( name, line ) name##line
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME_LINE( name, line ) INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME_LINE2( name, line )
+#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_COUNTER
+#  define INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( name ) INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME_LINE( name, __COUNTER__ )
+#else
+#  define INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( name ) INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME_LINE( name, __LINE__ )
+#endif
+
+#include <iosfwd>
+#include <string>
+#include <cstdint>
+
+// We need a dummy global operator<< so we can bring it into Catch namespace later
+struct Catch_global_namespace_dummy {};
+std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream&, Catch_global_namespace_dummy);
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct CaseSensitive { enum Choice {
+        Yes,
+        No
+    }; };
+
+    class NonCopyable {
+        NonCopyable( NonCopyable const& )              = delete;
+        NonCopyable( NonCopyable && )                  = delete;
+        NonCopyable& operator = ( NonCopyable const& ) = delete;
+        NonCopyable& operator = ( NonCopyable && )     = delete;
+
+    protected:
+        NonCopyable();
+        virtual ~NonCopyable();
+    };
+
+    struct SourceLineInfo {
+
+        SourceLineInfo() = delete;
+        SourceLineInfo( char const* _file, std::size_t _line ) noexcept
+        :   file( _file ),
+            line( _line )
+        {}
+
+        SourceLineInfo( SourceLineInfo const& other )        = default;
+        SourceLineInfo( SourceLineInfo && )                  = default;
+        SourceLineInfo& operator = ( SourceLineInfo const& ) = default;
+        SourceLineInfo& operator = ( SourceLineInfo && )     = default;
+
+        bool empty() const noexcept;
+        bool operator == ( SourceLineInfo const& other ) const noexcept;
+        bool operator < ( SourceLineInfo const& other ) const noexcept;
+
+        char const* file;
+        std::size_t line;
+    };
+
+    std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, SourceLineInfo const& info );
+
+    // Bring in operator<< from global namespace into Catch namespace
+    // This is necessary because the overload of operator<< above makes
+    // lookup stop at namespace Catch
+    using ::operator<<;
+
+    // Use this in variadic streaming macros to allow
+    //    >> +StreamEndStop
+    // as well as
+    //    >> stuff +StreamEndStop
+    struct StreamEndStop {
+        std::string operator+() const;
+    };
+    template<typename T>
+    T const& operator + ( T const& value, StreamEndStop ) {
+        return value;
+    }
+}
+
+#define CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO \
+    ::Catch::SourceLineInfo( __FILE__, static_cast<std::size_t>( __LINE__ ) )
+
+// end catch_common.h
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct RegistrarForTagAliases {
+        RegistrarForTagAliases( char const* alias, char const* tag, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo );
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+#define CATCH_REGISTER_TAG_ALIAS( alias, spec ) \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+    namespace{ Catch::RegistrarForTagAliases INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( AutoRegisterTagAlias )( alias, spec, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO ); } \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS
+
+// end catch_tag_alias_autoregistrar.h
+// start catch_test_registry.h
+
+// start catch_interfaces_testcase.h
+
+#include <vector>
+#include <memory>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class TestSpec;
+
+    struct ITestInvoker {
+        virtual void invoke () const = 0;
+        virtual ~ITestInvoker();
+    };
+
+    using ITestCasePtr = std::shared_ptr<ITestInvoker>;
+
+    class TestCase;
+    struct IConfig;
+
+    struct ITestCaseRegistry {
+        virtual ~ITestCaseRegistry();
+        virtual std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTests() const = 0;
+        virtual std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTestsSorted( IConfig const& config ) const = 0;
+    };
+
+    bool matchTest( TestCase const& testCase, TestSpec const& testSpec, IConfig const& config );
+    std::vector<TestCase> filterTests( std::vector<TestCase> const& testCases, TestSpec const& testSpec, IConfig const& config );
+    std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTestCasesSorted( IConfig const& config );
+
+}
+
+// end catch_interfaces_testcase.h
+// start catch_stringref.h
+
+#include <cstddef>
+#include <string>
+#include <iosfwd>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class StringData;
+
+    /// A non-owning string class (similar to the forthcoming std::string_view)
+    /// Note that, because a StringRef may be a substring of another string,
+    /// it may not be null terminated. c_str() must return a null terminated
+    /// string, however, and so the StringRef will internally take ownership
+    /// (taking a copy), if necessary. In theory this ownership is not externally
+    /// visible - but it does mean (substring) StringRefs should not be shared between
+    /// threads.
+    class StringRef {
+    public:
+        using size_type = std::size_t;
+
+    private:
+        friend struct StringRefTestAccess;
+
+        char const* m_start;
+        size_type m_size;
+
+        char* m_data = nullptr;
+
+        void takeOwnership();
+
+        static constexpr char const* const s_empty = "";
+
+    public: // construction/ assignment
+        StringRef() noexcept
+        :   StringRef( s_empty, 0 )
+        {}
+
+        StringRef( StringRef const& other ) noexcept
+        :   m_start( other.m_start ),
+            m_size( other.m_size )
+        {}
+
+        StringRef( StringRef&& other ) noexcept
+        :   m_start( other.m_start ),
+            m_size( other.m_size ),
+            m_data( other.m_data )
+        {
+            other.m_data = nullptr;
+        }
+
+        StringRef( char const* rawChars ) noexcept;
+
+        StringRef( char const* rawChars, size_type size ) noexcept
+        :   m_start( rawChars ),
+            m_size( size )
+        {}
+
+        StringRef( std::string const& stdString ) noexcept
+        :   m_start( stdString.c_str() ),
+            m_size( stdString.size() )
+        {}
+
+        ~StringRef() noexcept {
+            delete[] m_data;
+        }
+
+        auto operator = ( StringRef const &other ) noexcept -> StringRef& {
+            delete[] m_data;
+            m_data = nullptr;
+            m_start = other.m_start;
+            m_size = other.m_size;
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        operator std::string() const;
+
+        void swap( StringRef& other ) noexcept;
+
+    public: // operators
+        auto operator == ( StringRef const& other ) const noexcept -> bool;
+        auto operator != ( StringRef const& other ) const noexcept -> bool;
+
+        auto operator[] ( size_type index ) const noexcept -> char;
+
+    public: // named queries
+        auto empty() const noexcept -> bool {
+            return m_size == 0;
+        }
+        auto size() const noexcept -> size_type {
+            return m_size;
+        }
+
+        auto numberOfCharacters() const noexcept -> size_type;
+        auto c_str() const -> char const*;
+
+    public: // substrings and searches
+        auto substr( size_type start, size_type size ) const noexcept -> StringRef;
+
+        // Returns the current start pointer.
+        // Note that the pointer can change when if the StringRef is a substring
+        auto currentData() const noexcept -> char const*;
+
+    private: // ownership queries - may not be consistent between calls
+        auto isOwned() const noexcept -> bool;
+        auto isSubstring() const noexcept -> bool;
+    };
+
+    auto operator + ( StringRef const& lhs, StringRef const& rhs ) -> std::string;
+    auto operator + ( StringRef const& lhs, char const* rhs ) -> std::string;
+    auto operator + ( char const* lhs, StringRef const& rhs ) -> std::string;
+
+    auto operator += ( std::string& lhs, StringRef const& sr ) -> std::string&;
+    auto operator << ( std::ostream& os, StringRef const& sr ) -> std::ostream&;
+
+    inline auto operator "" _sr( char const* rawChars, std::size_t size ) noexcept -> StringRef {
+        return StringRef( rawChars, size );
+    }
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+inline auto operator "" _catch_sr( char const* rawChars, std::size_t size ) noexcept -> Catch::StringRef {
+    return Catch::StringRef( rawChars, size );
+}
+
+// end catch_stringref.h
+// start catch_type_traits.hpp
+
+
+namespace Catch{
+
+#ifdef CATCH_CPP17_OR_GREATER
+       template <typename...>
+       inline constexpr auto is_unique = std::true_type{};
+
+       template <typename T, typename... Rest>
+       inline constexpr auto is_unique<T, Rest...> = std::bool_constant<
+               (!std::is_same_v<T, Rest> && ...) && is_unique<Rest...>
+       >{};
+#else
+
+template <typename...>
+struct is_unique : std::true_type{};
+
+template <typename T0, typename T1, typename... Rest>
+struct is_unique<T0, T1, Rest...> : std::integral_constant
+<bool,
+     !std::is_same<T0, T1>::value
+     && is_unique<T0, Rest...>::value
+     && is_unique<T1, Rest...>::value
+>{};
+
+#endif
+}
+
+// end catch_type_traits.hpp
+// start catch_preprocessor.hpp
+
+
+#define CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL0(...) __VA_ARGS__
+#define CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL1(...) CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL0(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL0(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL0(__VA_ARGS__)))
+#define CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL2(...) CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL1(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL1(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL1(__VA_ARGS__)))
+#define CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL3(...) CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL2(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL2(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL2(__VA_ARGS__)))
+#define CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL4(...) CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL3(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL3(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL3(__VA_ARGS__)))
+#define CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL5(...) CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL4(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL4(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL4(__VA_ARGS__)))
+
+#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS(...) __VA_ARGS__
+// MSVC needs more evaluations
+#define CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL6(...) CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL5(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL5(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL5(__VA_ARGS__)))
+#define CATCH_RECURSE(...)  CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL6(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL6(__VA_ARGS__))
+#else
+#define CATCH_RECURSE(...)  CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL5(__VA_ARGS__)
+#endif
+
+#define CATCH_REC_END(...)
+#define CATCH_REC_OUT
+
+#define CATCH_EMPTY()
+#define CATCH_DEFER(id) id CATCH_EMPTY()
+
+#define CATCH_REC_GET_END2() 0, CATCH_REC_END
+#define CATCH_REC_GET_END1(...) CATCH_REC_GET_END2
+#define CATCH_REC_GET_END(...) CATCH_REC_GET_END1
+#define CATCH_REC_NEXT0(test, next, ...) next CATCH_REC_OUT
+#define CATCH_REC_NEXT1(test, next) CATCH_DEFER ( CATCH_REC_NEXT0 ) ( test, next, 0)
+#define CATCH_REC_NEXT(test, next)  CATCH_REC_NEXT1(CATCH_REC_GET_END test, next)
+
+#define CATCH_REC_LIST0(f, x, peek, ...) , f(x) CATCH_DEFER ( CATCH_REC_NEXT(peek, CATCH_REC_LIST1) ) ( f, peek, __VA_ARGS__ )
+#define CATCH_REC_LIST1(f, x, peek, ...) , f(x) CATCH_DEFER ( CATCH_REC_NEXT(peek, CATCH_REC_LIST0) ) ( f, peek, __VA_ARGS__ )
+#define CATCH_REC_LIST2(f, x, peek, ...)   f(x) CATCH_DEFER ( CATCH_REC_NEXT(peek, CATCH_REC_LIST1) ) ( f, peek, __VA_ARGS__ )
+
+#define CATCH_REC_LIST0_UD(f, userdata, x, peek, ...) , f(userdata, x) CATCH_DEFER ( CATCH_REC_NEXT(peek, CATCH_REC_LIST1_UD) ) ( f, userdata, peek, __VA_ARGS__ )
+#define CATCH_REC_LIST1_UD(f, userdata, x, peek, ...) , f(userdata, x) CATCH_DEFER ( CATCH_REC_NEXT(peek, CATCH_REC_LIST0_UD) ) ( f, userdata, peek, __VA_ARGS__ )
+#define CATCH_REC_LIST2_UD(f, userdata, x, peek, ...)   f(userdata, x) CATCH_DEFER ( CATCH_REC_NEXT(peek, CATCH_REC_LIST1_UD) ) ( f, userdata, peek, __VA_ARGS__ )
+
+// Applies the function macro `f` to each of the remaining parameters, inserts commas between the results,
+// and passes userdata as the first parameter to each invocation,
+// e.g. CATCH_REC_LIST_UD(f, x, a, b, c) evaluates to f(x, a), f(x, b), f(x, c)
+#define CATCH_REC_LIST_UD(f, userdata, ...) CATCH_RECURSE(CATCH_REC_LIST2_UD(f, userdata, __VA_ARGS__, ()()(), ()()(), ()()(), 0))
+
+#define CATCH_REC_LIST(f, ...) CATCH_RECURSE(CATCH_REC_LIST2(f, __VA_ARGS__, ()()(), ()()(), ()()(), 0))
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND1(param) INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND2(param)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND2(...) INTERNAL_CATCH_NO## __VA_ARGS__
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DEF(...) INTERNAL_CATCH_DEF __VA_ARGS__
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_NOINTERNAL_CATCH_DEF
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(...) INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND1(INTERNAL_CATCH_DEF __VA_ARGS__)
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_UNIQUE_NAME2(Name, ...) INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_UNIQUE_NAME3(Name, __VA_ARGS__)
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_UNIQUE_NAME3(Name,...) Name " - " #__VA_ARGS__
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_UNIQUE_NAME(Name,...) INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_UNIQUE_NAME2(Name, INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(__VA_ARGS__))
+#else
+// MSVC is adding extra space and needs more calls to properly remove ()
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_UNIQUE_NAME3(Name,...) Name " -" #__VA_ARGS__
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_UNIQUE_NAME1(Name, ...) INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_UNIQUE_NAME2(Name, __VA_ARGS__)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_UNIQUE_NAME(Name, ...) INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_UNIQUE_NAME1(Name, INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS(INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(__VA_ARGS__)))
+#endif
+
+// end catch_preprocessor.hpp
+namespace Catch {
+
+template<typename C>
+class TestInvokerAsMethod : public ITestInvoker {
+    void (C::*m_testAsMethod)();
+public:
+    TestInvokerAsMethod( void (C::*testAsMethod)() ) noexcept : m_testAsMethod( testAsMethod ) {}
+
+    void invoke() const override {
+        C obj;
+        (obj.*m_testAsMethod)();
+    }
+};
+
+auto makeTestInvoker( void(*testAsFunction)() ) noexcept -> ITestInvoker*;
+
+template<typename C>
+auto makeTestInvoker( void (C::*testAsMethod)() ) noexcept -> ITestInvoker* {
+    return new(std::nothrow) TestInvokerAsMethod<C>( testAsMethod );
+}
+
+struct NameAndTags {
+    NameAndTags( StringRef const& name_ = StringRef(), StringRef const& tags_ = StringRef() ) noexcept;
+    StringRef name;
+    StringRef tags;
+};
+
+struct AutoReg : NonCopyable {
+    AutoReg( ITestInvoker* invoker, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo, StringRef const& classOrMethod, NameAndTags const& nameAndTags ) noexcept;
+    ~AutoReg();
+};
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE)
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TESTCASE_NO_REGISTRATION( TestName, ... ) \
+        static void TestName()
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TESTCASE_METHOD_NO_REGISTRATION( TestName, ClassName, ... ) \
+        namespace{                        \
+            struct TestName : INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(ClassName) { \
+                void test();              \
+            };                            \
+        }                                 \
+        void TestName::test()
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_NO_REGISTRATION( TestName, ... )  \
+        template<typename TestType>                                             \
+        static void TestName()
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_NO_REGISTRATION( TestName, ClassName, ... )    \
+        namespace{                                                                                  \
+            template<typename TestType>                                                             \
+            struct TestName : INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(ClassName <TestType>) {     \
+                void test();                                                                        \
+            };                                                                                      \
+        }                                                                                           \
+        template<typename TestType>                                                                 \
+        void TestName::test()
+#endif
+
+    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TESTCASE2( TestName, ... ) \
+        static void TestName(); \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+        namespace{ Catch::AutoReg INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( autoRegistrar )( Catch::makeTestInvoker( &TestName ), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::StringRef(), Catch::NameAndTags{ __VA_ARGS__ } ); } /* NOLINT */ \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+        static void TestName()
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TESTCASE( ... ) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TESTCASE2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_S_T____ ), __VA_ARGS__ )
+
+    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_METHOD_AS_TEST_CASE( QualifiedMethod, ... ) \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+        namespace{ Catch::AutoReg INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( autoRegistrar )( Catch::makeTestInvoker( &QualifiedMethod ), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, "&" #QualifiedMethod, Catch::NameAndTags{ __VA_ARGS__ } ); } /* NOLINT */ \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS
+
+    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST_CASE_METHOD2( TestName, ClassName, ... )\
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+        namespace{ \
+            struct TestName : INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(ClassName) { \
+                void test(); \
+            }; \
+            Catch::AutoReg INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( autoRegistrar ) ( Catch::makeTestInvoker( &TestName::test ), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, #ClassName, Catch::NameAndTags{ __VA_ARGS__ } ); /* NOLINT */ \
+        } \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+        void TestName::test()
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST_CASE_METHOD( ClassName, ... ) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST_CASE_METHOD2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_S_T____ ), ClassName, __VA_ARGS__ )
+
+    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_REGISTER_TESTCASE( Function, ... ) \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+        Catch::AutoReg INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( autoRegistrar )( Catch::makeTestInvoker( Function ), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::StringRef(), Catch::NameAndTags{ __VA_ARGS__ } ); /* NOLINT */ \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS
+
+    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_2(TestName, TestFunc, Name, Tags, ... )\
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+        template<typename TestType> \
+        static void TestFunc();\
+        namespace {\
+            template<typename...Types> \
+            struct TestName{\
+                template<typename...Ts> \
+                TestName(Ts...names){\
+                    CATCH_INTERNAL_CHECK_UNIQUE_TYPES(CATCH_REC_LIST(INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS, __VA_ARGS__)) \
+                    using expander = int[];\
+                    (void)expander{(Catch::AutoReg( Catch::makeTestInvoker( &TestFunc<Types> ), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::StringRef(), Catch::NameAndTags{ names, Tags } ), 0)... };/* NOLINT */ \
+                }\
+            };\
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_REGISTRY_INITIATE(TestName, Name, __VA_ARGS__) \
+        }\
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+        template<typename TestType> \
+        static void TestFunc()
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CPP17_OR_GREATER)
+#define CATCH_INTERNAL_CHECK_UNIQUE_TYPES(...) static_assert(Catch::is_unique<__VA_ARGS__>,"Duplicate type detected in declaration of template test case");
+#else
+#define CATCH_INTERNAL_CHECK_UNIQUE_TYPES(...) static_assert(Catch::is_unique<__VA_ARGS__>::value,"Duplicate type detected in declaration of template test case");
+#endif
+
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE(Name, Tags, ...) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), Name, Tags, __VA_ARGS__ )
+#else
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE(Name, Tags, ...) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS( INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), Name, Tags, __VA_ARGS__ ) )
+#endif
+
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_REGISTRY_INITIATE(TestName, Name, ...)\
+        static int INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( globalRegistrar ) = [](){\
+            TestName<CATCH_REC_LIST(INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS, __VA_ARGS__)>(CATCH_REC_LIST_UD(INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_UNIQUE_NAME,Name, __VA_ARGS__));\
+            return 0;\
+        }();
+
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_2( TestNameClass, TestName, ClassName, Name, Tags, ... ) \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+        namespace{ \
+            template<typename TestType> \
+            struct TestName : INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(ClassName <TestType>) { \
+                void test();\
+            };\
+            template<typename...Types> \
+            struct TestNameClass{\
+                template<typename...Ts> \
+                TestNameClass(Ts...names){\
+                    CATCH_INTERNAL_CHECK_UNIQUE_TYPES(CATCH_REC_LIST(INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS, __VA_ARGS__)) \
+                    using expander = int[];\
+                    (void)expander{(Catch::AutoReg( Catch::makeTestInvoker( &TestName<Types>::test ), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, #ClassName, Catch::NameAndTags{ names, Tags } ), 0)... };/* NOLINT */ \
+                }\
+            };\
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_REGISTRY_INITIATE(TestNameClass, Name, __VA_ARGS__)\
+        }\
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS\
+        template<typename TestType> \
+        void TestName<TestType>::test()
+
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD( ClassName, Name, Tags,... ) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____C_L_A_S_S____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ) , ClassName, Name, Tags, __VA_ARGS__ )
+#else
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD( ClassName, Name, Tags,... ) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS( INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____C_L_A_S_S____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ) , ClassName, Name, Tags, __VA_ARGS__ ) )
+#endif
+
+// end catch_test_registry.h
+// start catch_capture.hpp
+
+// start catch_assertionhandler.h
+
+// start catch_assertioninfo.h
+
+// start catch_result_type.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    // ResultWas::OfType enum
+    struct ResultWas { enum OfType {
+        Unknown = -1,
+        Ok = 0,
+        Info = 1,
+        Warning = 2,
+
+        FailureBit = 0x10,
+
+        ExpressionFailed = FailureBit | 1,
+        ExplicitFailure = FailureBit | 2,
+
+        Exception = 0x100 | FailureBit,
+
+        ThrewException = Exception | 1,
+        DidntThrowException = Exception | 2,
+
+        FatalErrorCondition = 0x200 | FailureBit
+
+    }; };
+
+    bool isOk( ResultWas::OfType resultType );
+    bool isJustInfo( int flags );
+
+    // ResultDisposition::Flags enum
+    struct ResultDisposition { enum Flags {
+        Normal = 0x01,
+
+        ContinueOnFailure = 0x02,   // Failures fail test, but execution continues
+        FalseTest = 0x04,           // Prefix expression with !
+        SuppressFail = 0x08         // Failures are reported but do not fail the test
+    }; };
+
+    ResultDisposition::Flags operator | ( ResultDisposition::Flags lhs, ResultDisposition::Flags rhs );
+
+    bool shouldContinueOnFailure( int flags );
+    inline bool isFalseTest( int flags ) { return ( flags & ResultDisposition::FalseTest ) != 0; }
+    bool shouldSuppressFailure( int flags );
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_result_type.h
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct AssertionInfo
+    {
+        StringRef macroName;
+        SourceLineInfo lineInfo;
+        StringRef capturedExpression;
+        ResultDisposition::Flags resultDisposition;
+
+        // We want to delete this constructor but a compiler bug in 4.8 means
+        // the struct is then treated as non-aggregate
+        //AssertionInfo() = delete;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_assertioninfo.h
+// start catch_decomposer.h
+
+// start catch_tostring.h
+
+#include <vector>
+#include <cstddef>
+#include <type_traits>
+#include <string>
+// start catch_stream.h
+
+#include <iosfwd>
+#include <cstddef>
+#include <ostream>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    std::ostream& cout();
+    std::ostream& cerr();
+    std::ostream& clog();
+
+    class StringRef;
+
+    struct IStream {
+        virtual ~IStream();
+        virtual std::ostream& stream() const = 0;
+    };
+
+    auto makeStream( StringRef const &filename ) -> IStream const*;
+
+    class ReusableStringStream {
+        std::size_t m_index;
+        std::ostream* m_oss;
+    public:
+        ReusableStringStream();
+        ~ReusableStringStream();
+
+        auto str() const -> std::string;
+
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator << ( T const& value ) -> ReusableStringStream& {
+            *m_oss << value;
+            return *this;
+        }
+        auto get() -> std::ostream& { return *m_oss; }
+    };
+}
+
+// end catch_stream.h
+
+#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_STRING_VIEW
+#include <string_view>
+#endif
+
+#ifdef __OBJC__
+// start catch_objc_arc.hpp
+
+#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>
+
+#ifdef __has_feature
+#define CATCH_ARC_ENABLED __has_feature(objc_arc)
+#else
+#define CATCH_ARC_ENABLED 0
+#endif
+
+void arcSafeRelease( NSObject* obj );
+id performOptionalSelector( id obj, SEL sel );
+
+#if !CATCH_ARC_ENABLED
+inline void arcSafeRelease( NSObject* obj ) {
+    [obj release];
+}
+inline id performOptionalSelector( id obj, SEL sel ) {
+    if( [obj respondsToSelector: sel] )
+        return [obj performSelector: sel];
+    return nil;
+}
+#define CATCH_UNSAFE_UNRETAINED
+#define CATCH_ARC_STRONG
+#else
+inline void arcSafeRelease( NSObject* ){}
+inline id performOptionalSelector( id obj, SEL sel ) {
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic push
+#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Warc-performSelector-leaks"
+#endif
+    if( [obj respondsToSelector: sel] )
+        return [obj performSelector: sel];
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic pop
+#endif
+    return nil;
+}
+#define CATCH_UNSAFE_UNRETAINED __unsafe_unretained
+#define CATCH_ARC_STRONG __strong
+#endif
+
+// end catch_objc_arc.hpp
+#endif
+
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+#pragma warning(push)
+#pragma warning(disable:4180) // We attempt to stream a function (address) by const&, which MSVC complains about but is harmless
+#endif
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Detail {
+
+        extern const std::string unprintableString;
+
+        std::string rawMemoryToString( const void *object, std::size_t size );
+
+        template<typename T>
+        std::string rawMemoryToString( const T& object ) {
+          return rawMemoryToString( &object, sizeof(object) );
+        }
+
+        template<typename T>
+        class IsStreamInsertable {
+            template<typename SS, typename TT>
+            static auto test(int)
+                -> decltype(std::declval<SS&>() << std::declval<TT>(), std::true_type());
+
+            template<typename, typename>
+            static auto test(...)->std::false_type;
+
+        public:
+            static const bool value = decltype(test<std::ostream, const T&>(0))::value;
+        };
+
+        template<typename E>
+        std::string convertUnknownEnumToString( E e );
+
+        template<typename T>
+        typename std::enable_if<
+            !std::is_enum<T>::value && !std::is_base_of<std::exception, T>::value,
+        std::string>::type convertUnstreamable( T const& ) {
+            return Detail::unprintableString;
+        }
+        template<typename T>
+        typename std::enable_if<
+            !std::is_enum<T>::value && std::is_base_of<std::exception, T>::value,
+         std::string>::type convertUnstreamable(T const& ex) {
+            return ex.what();
+        }
+
+        template<typename T>
+        typename std::enable_if<
+            std::is_enum<T>::value
+        , std::string>::type convertUnstreamable( T const& value ) {
+            return convertUnknownEnumToString( value );
+        }
+
+#if defined(_MANAGED)
+        //! Convert a CLR string to a utf8 std::string
+        template<typename T>
+        std::string clrReferenceToString( T^ ref ) {
+            if (ref == nullptr)
+                return std::string("null");
+            auto bytes = System::Text::Encoding::UTF8->GetBytes(ref->ToString());
+            cli::pin_ptr<System::Byte> p = &bytes[0];
+            return std::string(reinterpret_cast<char const *>(p), bytes->Length);
+        }
+#endif
+
+    } // namespace Detail
+
+    // If we decide for C++14, change these to enable_if_ts
+    template <typename T, typename = void>
+    struct StringMaker {
+        template <typename Fake = T>
+        static
+        typename std::enable_if<::Catch::Detail::IsStreamInsertable<Fake>::value, std::string>::type
+            convert(const Fake& value) {
+                ReusableStringStream rss;
+                // NB: call using the function-like syntax to avoid ambiguity with
+                // user-defined templated operator<< under clang.
+                rss.operator<<(value);
+                return rss.str();
+        }
+
+        template <typename Fake = T>
+        static
+        typename std::enable_if<!::Catch::Detail::IsStreamInsertable<Fake>::value, std::string>::type
+            convert( const Fake& value ) {
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_FALLBACK_STRINGIFIER)
+            return Detail::convertUnstreamable(value);
+#else
+            return CATCH_CONFIG_FALLBACK_STRINGIFIER(value);
+#endif
+        }
+    };
+
+    namespace Detail {
+
+        // This function dispatches all stringification requests inside of Catch.
+        // Should be preferably called fully qualified, like ::Catch::Detail::stringify
+        template <typename T>
+        std::string stringify(const T& e) {
+            return ::Catch::StringMaker<typename std::remove_cv<typename std::remove_reference<T>::type>::type>::convert(e);
+        }
+
+        template<typename E>
+        std::string convertUnknownEnumToString( E e ) {
+            return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(static_cast<typename std::underlying_type<E>::type>(e));
+        }
+
+#if defined(_MANAGED)
+        template <typename T>
+        std::string stringify( T^ e ) {
+            return ::Catch::StringMaker<T^>::convert(e);
+        }
+#endif
+
+    } // namespace Detail
+
+    // Some predefined specializations
+
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<std::string> {
+        static std::string convert(const std::string& str);
+    };
+
+#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_STRING_VIEW
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<std::string_view> {
+        static std::string convert(std::string_view str);
+    };
+#endif
+
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<char const *> {
+        static std::string convert(char const * str);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<char *> {
+        static std::string convert(char * str);
+    };
+
+#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_WCHAR
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<std::wstring> {
+        static std::string convert(const std::wstring& wstr);
+    };
+
+# ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_STRING_VIEW
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<std::wstring_view> {
+        static std::string convert(std::wstring_view str);
+    };
+# endif
+
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<wchar_t const *> {
+        static std::string convert(wchar_t const * str);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<wchar_t *> {
+        static std::string convert(wchar_t * str);
+    };
+#endif
+
+    // TBD: Should we use `strnlen` to ensure that we don't go out of the buffer,
+    //      while keeping string semantics?
+    template<int SZ>
+    struct StringMaker<char[SZ]> {
+        static std::string convert(char const* str) {
+            return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(std::string{ str });
+        }
+    };
+    template<int SZ>
+    struct StringMaker<signed char[SZ]> {
+        static std::string convert(signed char const* str) {
+            return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(std::string{ reinterpret_cast<char const *>(str) });
+        }
+    };
+    template<int SZ>
+    struct StringMaker<unsigned char[SZ]> {
+        static std::string convert(unsigned char const* str) {
+            return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(std::string{ reinterpret_cast<char const *>(str) });
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<int> {
+        static std::string convert(int value);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<long> {
+        static std::string convert(long value);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<long long> {
+        static std::string convert(long long value);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<unsigned int> {
+        static std::string convert(unsigned int value);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<unsigned long> {
+        static std::string convert(unsigned long value);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<unsigned long long> {
+        static std::string convert(unsigned long long value);
+    };
+
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<bool> {
+        static std::string convert(bool b);
+    };
+
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<char> {
+        static std::string convert(char c);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<signed char> {
+        static std::string convert(signed char c);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<unsigned char> {
+        static std::string convert(unsigned char c);
+    };
+
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<std::nullptr_t> {
+        static std::string convert(std::nullptr_t);
+    };
+
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<float> {
+        static std::string convert(float value);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<double> {
+        static std::string convert(double value);
+    };
+
+    template <typename T>
+    struct StringMaker<T*> {
+        template <typename U>
+        static std::string convert(U* p) {
+            if (p) {
+                return ::Catch::Detail::rawMemoryToString(p);
+            } else {
+                return "nullptr";
+            }
+        }
+    };
+
+    template <typename R, typename C>
+    struct StringMaker<R C::*> {
+        static std::string convert(R C::* p) {
+            if (p) {
+                return ::Catch::Detail::rawMemoryToString(p);
+            } else {
+                return "nullptr";
+            }
+        }
+    };
+
+#if defined(_MANAGED)
+    template <typename T>
+    struct StringMaker<T^> {
+        static std::string convert( T^ ref ) {
+            return ::Catch::Detail::clrReferenceToString(ref);
+        }
+    };
+#endif
+
+    namespace Detail {
+        template<typename InputIterator>
+        std::string rangeToString(InputIterator first, InputIterator last) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << "{ ";
+            if (first != last) {
+                rss << ::Catch::Detail::stringify(*first);
+                for (++first; first != last; ++first)
+                    rss << ", " << ::Catch::Detail::stringify(*first);
+            }
+            rss << " }";
+            return rss.str();
+        }
+    }
+
+#ifdef __OBJC__
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<NSString*> {
+        static std::string convert(NSString * nsstring) {
+            if (!nsstring)
+                return "nil";
+            return std::string("@") + [nsstring UTF8String];
+        }
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<NSObject*> {
+        static std::string convert(NSObject* nsObject) {
+            return ::Catch::Detail::stringify([nsObject description]);
+        }
+
+    };
+    namespace Detail {
+        inline std::string stringify( NSString* nsstring ) {
+            return StringMaker<NSString*>::convert( nsstring );
+        }
+
+    } // namespace Detail
+#endif // __OBJC__
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+//////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// Separate std-lib types stringification, so it can be selectively enabled
+// This means that we do not bring in
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_ALL_STRINGMAKERS)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_PAIR_STRINGMAKER
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_TUPLE_STRINGMAKER
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_VARIANT_STRINGMAKER
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_CHRONO_STRINGMAKER
+#endif
+
+// Separate std::pair specialization
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_PAIR_STRINGMAKER)
+#include <utility>
+namespace Catch {
+    template<typename T1, typename T2>
+    struct StringMaker<std::pair<T1, T2> > {
+        static std::string convert(const std::pair<T1, T2>& pair) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << "{ "
+                << ::Catch::Detail::stringify(pair.first)
+                << ", "
+                << ::Catch::Detail::stringify(pair.second)
+                << " }";
+            return rss.str();
+        }
+    };
+}
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_PAIR_STRINGMAKER
+
+// Separate std::tuple specialization
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_TUPLE_STRINGMAKER)
+#include <tuple>
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Detail {
+        template<
+            typename Tuple,
+            std::size_t N = 0,
+            bool = (N < std::tuple_size<Tuple>::value)
+            >
+            struct TupleElementPrinter {
+            static void print(const Tuple& tuple, std::ostream& os) {
+                os << (N ? ", " : " ")
+                    << ::Catch::Detail::stringify(std::get<N>(tuple));
+                TupleElementPrinter<Tuple, N + 1>::print(tuple, os);
+            }
+        };
+
+        template<
+            typename Tuple,
+            std::size_t N
+        >
+            struct TupleElementPrinter<Tuple, N, false> {
+            static void print(const Tuple&, std::ostream&) {}
+        };
+
+    }
+
+    template<typename ...Types>
+    struct StringMaker<std::tuple<Types...>> {
+        static std::string convert(const std::tuple<Types...>& tuple) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << '{';
+            Detail::TupleElementPrinter<std::tuple<Types...>>::print(tuple, rss.get());
+            rss << " }";
+            return rss.str();
+        }
+    };
+}
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_TUPLE_STRINGMAKER
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_VARIANT_STRINGMAKER) && defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_VARIANT)
+#include <variant>
+namespace Catch {
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<std::monostate> {
+        static std::string convert(const std::monostate&) {
+            return "{ }";
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<typename... Elements>
+    struct StringMaker<std::variant<Elements...>> {
+        static std::string convert(const std::variant<Elements...>& variant) {
+            if (variant.valueless_by_exception()) {
+                return "{valueless variant}";
+            } else {
+                return std::visit(
+                    [](const auto& value) {
+                        return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(value);
+                    },
+                    variant
+                );
+            }
+        }
+    };
+}
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_VARIANT_STRINGMAKER
+
+namespace Catch {
+    struct not_this_one {}; // Tag type for detecting which begin/ end are being selected
+
+    // Import begin/ end from std here so they are considered alongside the fallback (...) overloads in this namespace
+    using std::begin;
+    using std::end;
+
+    not_this_one begin( ... );
+    not_this_one end( ... );
+
+    template <typename T>
+    struct is_range {
+        static const bool value =
+            !std::is_same<decltype(begin(std::declval<T>())), not_this_one>::value &&
+            !std::is_same<decltype(end(std::declval<T>())), not_this_one>::value;
+    };
+
+#if defined(_MANAGED) // Managed types are never ranges
+    template <typename T>
+    struct is_range<T^> {
+        static const bool value = false;
+    };
+#endif
+
+    template<typename Range>
+    std::string rangeToString( Range const& range ) {
+        return ::Catch::Detail::rangeToString( begin( range ), end( range ) );
+    }
+
+    // Handle vector<bool> specially
+    template<typename Allocator>
+    std::string rangeToString( std::vector<bool, Allocator> const& v ) {
+        ReusableStringStream rss;
+        rss << "{ ";
+        bool first = true;
+        for( bool b : v ) {
+            if( first )
+                first = false;
+            else
+                rss << ", ";
+            rss << ::Catch::Detail::stringify( b );
+        }
+        rss << " }";
+        return rss.str();
+    }
+
+    template<typename R>
+    struct StringMaker<R, typename std::enable_if<is_range<R>::value && !::Catch::Detail::IsStreamInsertable<R>::value>::type> {
+        static std::string convert( R const& range ) {
+            return rangeToString( range );
+        }
+    };
+
+    template <typename T, int SZ>
+    struct StringMaker<T[SZ]> {
+        static std::string convert(T const(&arr)[SZ]) {
+            return rangeToString(arr);
+        }
+    };
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// Separate std::chrono::duration specialization
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_CHRONO_STRINGMAKER)
+#include <ctime>
+#include <ratio>
+#include <chrono>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+template <class Ratio>
+struct ratio_string {
+    static std::string symbol();
+};
+
+template <class Ratio>
+std::string ratio_string<Ratio>::symbol() {
+    Catch::ReusableStringStream rss;
+    rss << '[' << Ratio::num << '/'
+        << Ratio::den << ']';
+    return rss.str();
+}
+template <>
+struct ratio_string<std::atto> {
+    static std::string symbol();
+};
+template <>
+struct ratio_string<std::femto> {
+    static std::string symbol();
+};
+template <>
+struct ratio_string<std::pico> {
+    static std::string symbol();
+};
+template <>
+struct ratio_string<std::nano> {
+    static std::string symbol();
+};
+template <>
+struct ratio_string<std::micro> {
+    static std::string symbol();
+};
+template <>
+struct ratio_string<std::milli> {
+    static std::string symbol();
+};
+
+    ////////////
+    // std::chrono::duration specializations
+    template<typename Value, typename Ratio>
+    struct StringMaker<std::chrono::duration<Value, Ratio>> {
+        static std::string convert(std::chrono::duration<Value, Ratio> const& duration) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << duration.count() << ' ' << ratio_string<Ratio>::symbol() << 's';
+            return rss.str();
+        }
+    };
+    template<typename Value>
+    struct StringMaker<std::chrono::duration<Value, std::ratio<1>>> {
+        static std::string convert(std::chrono::duration<Value, std::ratio<1>> const& duration) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << duration.count() << " s";
+            return rss.str();
+        }
+    };
+    template<typename Value>
+    struct StringMaker<std::chrono::duration<Value, std::ratio<60>>> {
+        static std::string convert(std::chrono::duration<Value, std::ratio<60>> const& duration) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << duration.count() << " m";
+            return rss.str();
+        }
+    };
+    template<typename Value>
+    struct StringMaker<std::chrono::duration<Value, std::ratio<3600>>> {
+        static std::string convert(std::chrono::duration<Value, std::ratio<3600>> const& duration) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << duration.count() << " h";
+            return rss.str();
+        }
+    };
+
+    ////////////
+    // std::chrono::time_point specialization
+    // Generic time_point cannot be specialized, only std::chrono::time_point<system_clock>
+    template<typename Clock, typename Duration>
+    struct StringMaker<std::chrono::time_point<Clock, Duration>> {
+        static std::string convert(std::chrono::time_point<Clock, Duration> const& time_point) {
+            return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(time_point.time_since_epoch()) + " since epoch";
+        }
+    };
+    // std::chrono::time_point<system_clock> specialization
+    template<typename Duration>
+    struct StringMaker<std::chrono::time_point<std::chrono::system_clock, Duration>> {
+        static std::string convert(std::chrono::time_point<std::chrono::system_clock, Duration> const& time_point) {
+            auto converted = std::chrono::system_clock::to_time_t(time_point);
+
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+            std::tm timeInfo = {};
+            gmtime_s(&timeInfo, &converted);
+#else
+            std::tm* timeInfo = std::gmtime(&converted);
+#endif
+
+            auto const timeStampSize = sizeof("2017-01-16T17:06:45Z");
+            char timeStamp[timeStampSize];
+            const char * const fmt = "%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%SZ";
+
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+            std::strftime(timeStamp, timeStampSize, fmt, &timeInfo);
+#else
+            std::strftime(timeStamp, timeStampSize, fmt, timeInfo);
+#endif
+            return std::string(timeStamp);
+        }
+    };
+}
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_CHRONO_STRINGMAKER
+
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+#pragma warning(pop)
+#endif
+
+// end catch_tostring.h
+#include <iosfwd>
+
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+#pragma warning(push)
+#pragma warning(disable:4389) // '==' : signed/unsigned mismatch
+#pragma warning(disable:4018) // more "signed/unsigned mismatch"
+#pragma warning(disable:4312) // Converting int to T* using reinterpret_cast (issue on x64 platform)
+#pragma warning(disable:4180) // qualifier applied to function type has no meaning
+#endif
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct ITransientExpression {
+        auto isBinaryExpression() const -> bool { return m_isBinaryExpression; }
+        auto getResult() const -> bool { return m_result; }
+        virtual void streamReconstructedExpression( std::ostream &os ) const = 0;
+
+        ITransientExpression( bool isBinaryExpression, bool result )
+        :   m_isBinaryExpression( isBinaryExpression ),
+            m_result( result )
+        {}
+
+        // We don't actually need a virtual destructor, but many static analysers
+        // complain if it's not here :-(
+        virtual ~ITransientExpression();
+
+        bool m_isBinaryExpression;
+        bool m_result;
+
+    };
+
+    void formatReconstructedExpression( std::ostream &os, std::string const& lhs, StringRef op, std::string const& rhs );
+
+    template<typename LhsT, typename RhsT>
+    class BinaryExpr  : public ITransientExpression {
+        LhsT m_lhs;
+        StringRef m_op;
+        RhsT m_rhs;
+
+        void streamReconstructedExpression( std::ostream &os ) const override {
+            formatReconstructedExpression
+                    ( os, Catch::Detail::stringify( m_lhs ), m_op, Catch::Detail::stringify( m_rhs ) );
+        }
+
+    public:
+        BinaryExpr( bool comparisonResult, LhsT lhs, StringRef op, RhsT rhs )
+        :   ITransientExpression{ true, comparisonResult },
+            m_lhs( lhs ),
+            m_op( op ),
+            m_rhs( rhs )
+        {}
+    };
+
+    template<typename LhsT>
+    class UnaryExpr : public ITransientExpression {
+        LhsT m_lhs;
+
+        void streamReconstructedExpression( std::ostream &os ) const override {
+            os << Catch::Detail::stringify( m_lhs );
+        }
+
+    public:
+        explicit UnaryExpr( LhsT lhs )
+        :   ITransientExpression{ false, lhs ? true : false },
+            m_lhs( lhs )
+        {}
+    };
+
+    // Specialised comparison functions to handle equality comparisons between ints and pointers (NULL deduces as an int)
+    template<typename LhsT, typename RhsT>
+    auto compareEqual( LhsT const& lhs, RhsT const& rhs ) -> bool { return static_cast<bool>(lhs == rhs); }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto compareEqual( T* const& lhs, int rhs ) -> bool { return lhs == reinterpret_cast<void const*>( rhs ); }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto compareEqual( T* const& lhs, long rhs ) -> bool { return lhs == reinterpret_cast<void const*>( rhs ); }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto compareEqual( int lhs, T* const& rhs ) -> bool { return reinterpret_cast<void const*>( lhs ) == rhs; }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto compareEqual( long lhs, T* const& rhs ) -> bool { return reinterpret_cast<void const*>( lhs ) == rhs; }
+
+    template<typename LhsT, typename RhsT>
+    auto compareNotEqual( LhsT const& lhs, RhsT&& rhs ) -> bool { return static_cast<bool>(lhs != rhs); }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto compareNotEqual( T* const& lhs, int rhs ) -> bool { return lhs != reinterpret_cast<void const*>( rhs ); }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto compareNotEqual( T* const& lhs, long rhs ) -> bool { return lhs != reinterpret_cast<void const*>( rhs ); }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto compareNotEqual( int lhs, T* const& rhs ) -> bool { return reinterpret_cast<void const*>( lhs ) != rhs; }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto compareNotEqual( long lhs, T* const& rhs ) -> bool { return reinterpret_cast<void const*>( lhs ) != rhs; }
+
+    template<typename LhsT>
+    class ExprLhs {
+        LhsT m_lhs;
+    public:
+        explicit ExprLhs( LhsT lhs ) : m_lhs( lhs ) {}
+
+        template<typename RhsT>
+        auto operator == ( RhsT const& rhs ) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            return { compareEqual( m_lhs, rhs ), m_lhs, "==", rhs };
+        }
+        auto operator == ( bool rhs ) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, bool> const {
+            return { m_lhs == rhs, m_lhs, "==", rhs };
+        }
+
+        template<typename RhsT>
+        auto operator != ( RhsT const& rhs ) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            return { compareNotEqual( m_lhs, rhs ), m_lhs, "!=", rhs };
+        }
+        auto operator != ( bool rhs ) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, bool> const {
+            return { m_lhs != rhs, m_lhs, "!=", rhs };
+        }
+
+        template<typename RhsT>
+        auto operator > ( RhsT const& rhs ) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            return { static_cast<bool>(m_lhs > rhs), m_lhs, ">", rhs };
+        }
+        template<typename RhsT>
+        auto operator < ( RhsT const& rhs ) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            return { static_cast<bool>(m_lhs < rhs), m_lhs, "<", rhs };
+        }
+        template<typename RhsT>
+        auto operator >= ( RhsT const& rhs ) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            return { static_cast<bool>(m_lhs >= rhs), m_lhs, ">=", rhs };
+        }
+        template<typename RhsT>
+        auto operator <= ( RhsT const& rhs ) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            return { static_cast<bool>(m_lhs <= rhs), m_lhs, "<=", rhs };
+        }
+
+        auto makeUnaryExpr() const -> UnaryExpr<LhsT> {
+            return UnaryExpr<LhsT>{ m_lhs };
+        }
+    };
+
+    void handleExpression( ITransientExpression const& expr );
+
+    template<typename T>
+    void handleExpression( ExprLhs<T> const& expr ) {
+        handleExpression( expr.makeUnaryExpr() );
+    }
+
+    struct Decomposer {
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator <= ( T const& lhs ) -> ExprLhs<T const&> {
+            return ExprLhs<T const&>{ lhs };
+        }
+
+        auto operator <=( bool value ) -> ExprLhs<bool> {
+            return ExprLhs<bool>{ value };
+        }
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+#pragma warning(pop)
+#endif
+
+// end catch_decomposer.h
+// start catch_interfaces_capture.h
+
+#include <string>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class AssertionResult;
+    struct AssertionInfo;
+    struct SectionInfo;
+    struct SectionEndInfo;
+    struct MessageInfo;
+    struct Counts;
+    struct BenchmarkInfo;
+    struct BenchmarkStats;
+    struct AssertionReaction;
+    struct SourceLineInfo;
+
+    struct ITransientExpression;
+    struct IGeneratorTracker;
+
+    struct IResultCapture {
+
+        virtual ~IResultCapture();
+
+        virtual bool sectionStarted(    SectionInfo const& sectionInfo,
+                                        Counts& assertions ) = 0;
+        virtual void sectionEnded( SectionEndInfo const& endInfo ) = 0;
+        virtual void sectionEndedEarly( SectionEndInfo const& endInfo ) = 0;
+
+        virtual auto acquireGeneratorTracker( SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) -> IGeneratorTracker& = 0;
+
+        virtual void benchmarkStarting( BenchmarkInfo const& info ) = 0;
+        virtual void benchmarkEnded( BenchmarkStats const& stats ) = 0;
+
+        virtual void pushScopedMessage( MessageInfo const& message ) = 0;
+        virtual void popScopedMessage( MessageInfo const& message ) = 0;
+
+        virtual void handleFatalErrorCondition( StringRef message ) = 0;
+
+        virtual void handleExpr
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info,
+                    ITransientExpression const& expr,
+                    AssertionReaction& reaction ) = 0;
+        virtual void handleMessage
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info,
+                    ResultWas::OfType resultType,
+                    StringRef const& message,
+                    AssertionReaction& reaction ) = 0;
+        virtual void handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info,
+                    AssertionReaction& reaction ) = 0;
+        virtual void handleUnexpectedInflightException
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info,
+                    std::string const& message,
+                    AssertionReaction& reaction ) = 0;
+        virtual void handleIncomplete
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info ) = 0;
+        virtual void handleNonExpr
+                (   AssertionInfo const &info,
+                    ResultWas::OfType resultType,
+                    AssertionReaction &reaction ) = 0;
+
+        virtual bool lastAssertionPassed() = 0;
+        virtual void assertionPassed() = 0;
+
+        // Deprecated, do not use:
+        virtual std::string getCurrentTestName() const = 0;
+        virtual const AssertionResult* getLastResult() const = 0;
+        virtual void exceptionEarlyReported() = 0;
+    };
+
+    IResultCapture& getResultCapture();
+}
+
+// end catch_interfaces_capture.h
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct TestFailureException{};
+    struct AssertionResultData;
+    struct IResultCapture;
+    class RunContext;
+
+    class LazyExpression {
+        friend class AssertionHandler;
+        friend struct AssertionStats;
+        friend class RunContext;
+
+        ITransientExpression const* m_transientExpression = nullptr;
+        bool m_isNegated;
+    public:
+        LazyExpression( bool isNegated );
+        LazyExpression( LazyExpression const& other );
+        LazyExpression& operator = ( LazyExpression const& ) = delete;
+
+        explicit operator bool() const;
+
+        friend auto operator << ( std::ostream& os, LazyExpression const& lazyExpr ) -> std::ostream&;
+    };
+
+    struct AssertionReaction {
+        bool shouldDebugBreak = false;
+        bool shouldThrow = false;
+    };
+
+    class AssertionHandler {
+        AssertionInfo m_assertionInfo;
+        AssertionReaction m_reaction;
+        bool m_completed = false;
+        IResultCapture& m_resultCapture;
+
+    public:
+        AssertionHandler
+            (   StringRef const& macroName,
+                SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo,
+                StringRef capturedExpression,
+                ResultDisposition::Flags resultDisposition );
+        ~AssertionHandler() {
+            if ( !m_completed ) {
+                m_resultCapture.handleIncomplete( m_assertionInfo );
+            }
+        }
+
+        template<typename T>
+        void handleExpr( ExprLhs<T> const& expr ) {
+            handleExpr( expr.makeUnaryExpr() );
+        }
+        void handleExpr( ITransientExpression const& expr );
+
+        void handleMessage(ResultWas::OfType resultType, StringRef const& message);
+
+        void handleExceptionThrownAsExpected();
+        void handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown();
+        void handleExceptionNotThrownAsExpected();
+        void handleThrowingCallSkipped();
+        void handleUnexpectedInflightException();
+
+        void complete();
+        void setCompleted();
+
+        // query
+        auto allowThrows() const -> bool;
+    };
+
+    void handleExceptionMatchExpr( AssertionHandler& handler, std::string const& str, StringRef const& matcherString );
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_assertionhandler.h
+// start catch_message.h
+
+#include <string>
+#include <vector>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct MessageInfo {
+        MessageInfo(    StringRef const& _macroName,
+                        SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo,
+                        ResultWas::OfType _type );
+
+        StringRef macroName;
+        std::string message;
+        SourceLineInfo lineInfo;
+        ResultWas::OfType type;
+        unsigned int sequence;
+
+        bool operator == ( MessageInfo const& other ) const;
+        bool operator < ( MessageInfo const& other ) const;
+    private:
+        static unsigned int globalCount;
+    };
+
+    struct MessageStream {
+
+        template<typename T>
+        MessageStream& operator << ( T const& value ) {
+            m_stream << value;
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        ReusableStringStream m_stream;
+    };
+
+    struct MessageBuilder : MessageStream {
+        MessageBuilder( StringRef const& macroName,
+                        SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo,
+                        ResultWas::OfType type );
+
+        template<typename T>
+        MessageBuilder& operator << ( T const& value ) {
+            m_stream << value;
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        MessageInfo m_info;
+    };
+
+    class ScopedMessage {
+    public:
+        explicit ScopedMessage( MessageBuilder const& builder );
+        ~ScopedMessage();
+
+        MessageInfo m_info;
+    };
+
+    class Capturer {
+        std::vector<MessageInfo> m_messages;
+        IResultCapture& m_resultCapture = getResultCapture();
+        size_t m_captured = 0;
+    public:
+        Capturer( StringRef macroName, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo, ResultWas::OfType resultType, StringRef names );
+        ~Capturer();
+
+        void captureValue( size_t index, std::string const& value );
+
+        template<typename T>
+        void captureValues( size_t index, T const& value ) {
+            captureValue( index, Catch::Detail::stringify( value ) );
+        }
+
+        template<typename T, typename... Ts>
+        void captureValues( size_t index, T const& value, Ts const&... values ) {
+            captureValue( index, Catch::Detail::stringify(value) );
+            captureValues( index+1, values... );
+        }
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_message.h
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE)
+
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_STRINGIFICATION)
+  #define CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(...) #__VA_ARGS__
+#else
+  #define CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(...) "Disabled by CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_STRINGIFICATION"
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_FAST_COMPILE) || defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// Another way to speed-up compilation is to omit local try-catch for REQUIRE*
+// macros.
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_TRY
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_CATCH( capturer )
+
+#else // CATCH_CONFIG_FAST_COMPILE
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_TRY try
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_CATCH( handler ) catch(...) { handler.handleUnexpectedInflightException(); }
+
+#endif
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( handler ) handler.complete();
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST( macroName, resultDisposition, ... ) \
+    do { \
+        Catch::AssertionHandler catchAssertionHandler( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(__VA_ARGS__), resultDisposition ); \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TRY { \
+            CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS \
+            catchAssertionHandler.handleExpr( Catch::Decomposer() <= __VA_ARGS__ ); \
+            CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS \
+        } INTERNAL_CATCH_CATCH( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+    } while( (void)0, false && static_cast<bool>( !!(__VA_ARGS__) ) ) // the expression here is never evaluated at runtime but it forces the compiler to give it a look
+    // The double negation silences MSVC's C4800 warning, the static_cast forces short-circuit evaluation if the type has overloaded &&.
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_IF( macroName, resultDisposition, ... ) \
+    INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST( macroName, resultDisposition, __VA_ARGS__ ); \
+    if( Catch::getResultCapture().lastAssertionPassed() )
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_ELSE( macroName, resultDisposition, ... ) \
+    INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST( macroName, resultDisposition, __VA_ARGS__ ); \
+    if( !Catch::getResultCapture().lastAssertionPassed() )
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_NO_THROW( macroName, resultDisposition, ... ) \
+    do { \
+        Catch::AssertionHandler catchAssertionHandler( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(__VA_ARGS__), resultDisposition ); \
+        try { \
+            static_cast<void>(__VA_ARGS__); \
+            catchAssertionHandler.handleExceptionNotThrownAsExpected(); \
+        } \
+        catch( ... ) { \
+            catchAssertionHandler.handleUnexpectedInflightException(); \
+        } \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+    } while( false )
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_THROWS( macroName, resultDisposition, ... ) \
+    do { \
+        Catch::AssertionHandler catchAssertionHandler( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(__VA_ARGS__), resultDisposition); \
+        if( catchAssertionHandler.allowThrows() ) \
+            try { \
+                static_cast<void>(__VA_ARGS__); \
+                catchAssertionHandler.handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown(); \
+            } \
+            catch( ... ) { \
+                catchAssertionHandler.handleExceptionThrownAsExpected(); \
+            } \
+        else \
+            catchAssertionHandler.handleThrowingCallSkipped(); \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+    } while( false )
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_THROWS_AS( macroName, exceptionType, resultDisposition, expr ) \
+    do { \
+        Catch::AssertionHandler catchAssertionHandler( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(expr) ", " CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(exceptionType), resultDisposition ); \
+        if( catchAssertionHandler.allowThrows() ) \
+            try { \
+                static_cast<void>(expr); \
+                catchAssertionHandler.handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown(); \
+            } \
+            catch( exceptionType const& ) { \
+                catchAssertionHandler.handleExceptionThrownAsExpected(); \
+            } \
+            catch( ... ) { \
+                catchAssertionHandler.handleUnexpectedInflightException(); \
+            } \
+        else \
+            catchAssertionHandler.handleThrowingCallSkipped(); \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+    } while( false )
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_MSG( macroName, messageType, resultDisposition, ... ) \
+    do { \
+        Catch::AssertionHandler catchAssertionHandler( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::StringRef(), resultDisposition ); \
+        catchAssertionHandler.handleMessage( messageType, ( Catch::MessageStream() << __VA_ARGS__ + ::Catch::StreamEndStop() ).m_stream.str() ); \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+    } while( false )
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_CAPTURE( varName, macroName, ... ) \
+    auto varName = Catch::Capturer( macroName, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::ResultWas::Info, #__VA_ARGS__ ); \
+    varName.captureValues( 0, __VA_ARGS__ )
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_INFO( macroName, log ) \
+    Catch::ScopedMessage INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( scopedMessage )( Catch::MessageBuilder( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::ResultWas::Info ) << log );
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// Although this is matcher-based, it can be used with just a string
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_THROWS_STR_MATCHES( macroName, resultDisposition, matcher, ... ) \
+    do { \
+        Catch::AssertionHandler catchAssertionHandler( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(__VA_ARGS__) ", " CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(matcher), resultDisposition ); \
+        if( catchAssertionHandler.allowThrows() ) \
+            try { \
+                static_cast<void>(__VA_ARGS__); \
+                catchAssertionHandler.handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown(); \
+            } \
+            catch( ... ) { \
+                Catch::handleExceptionMatchExpr( catchAssertionHandler, matcher, #matcher##_catch_sr ); \
+            } \
+        else \
+            catchAssertionHandler.handleThrowingCallSkipped(); \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+    } while( false )
+
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE
+
+// end catch_capture.hpp
+// start catch_section.h
+
+// start catch_section_info.h
+
+// start catch_totals.h
+
+#include <cstddef>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct Counts {
+        Counts operator - ( Counts const& other ) const;
+        Counts& operator += ( Counts const& other );
+
+        std::size_t total() const;
+        bool allPassed() const;
+        bool allOk() const;
+
+        std::size_t passed = 0;
+        std::size_t failed = 0;
+        std::size_t failedButOk = 0;
+    };
+
+    struct Totals {
+
+        Totals operator - ( Totals const& other ) const;
+        Totals& operator += ( Totals const& other );
+
+        Totals delta( Totals const& prevTotals ) const;
+
+        int error = 0;
+        Counts assertions;
+        Counts testCases;
+    };
+}
+
+// end catch_totals.h
+#include <string>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct SectionInfo {
+        SectionInfo
+            (   SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo,
+                std::string const& _name );
+
+        // Deprecated
+        SectionInfo
+            (   SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo,
+                std::string const& _name,
+                std::string const& ) : SectionInfo( _lineInfo, _name ) {}
+
+        std::string name;
+        std::string description; // !Deprecated: this will always be empty
+        SourceLineInfo lineInfo;
+    };
+
+    struct SectionEndInfo {
+        SectionInfo sectionInfo;
+        Counts prevAssertions;
+        double durationInSeconds;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_section_info.h
+// start catch_timer.h
+
+#include <cstdint>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    auto getCurrentNanosecondsSinceEpoch() -> uint64_t;
+    auto getEstimatedClockResolution() -> uint64_t;
+
+    class Timer {
+        uint64_t m_nanoseconds = 0;
+    public:
+        void start();
+        auto getElapsedNanoseconds() const -> uint64_t;
+        auto getElapsedMicroseconds() const -> uint64_t;
+        auto getElapsedMilliseconds() const -> unsigned int;
+        auto getElapsedSeconds() const -> double;
+    };
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_timer.h
+#include <string>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class Section : NonCopyable {
+    public:
+        Section( SectionInfo const& info );
+        ~Section();
+
+        // This indicates whether the section should be executed or not
+        explicit operator bool() const;
+
+    private:
+        SectionInfo m_info;
+
+        std::string m_name;
+        Counts m_assertions;
+        bool m_sectionIncluded;
+        Timer m_timer;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_SECTION( ... ) \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_WARNINGS \
+    if( Catch::Section const& INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( catch_internal_Section ) = Catch::SectionInfo( CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, __VA_ARGS__ ) ) \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_UNUSED_WARNINGS
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DYNAMIC_SECTION( ... ) \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_WARNINGS \
+    if( Catch::Section const& INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( catch_internal_Section ) = Catch::SectionInfo( CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, (Catch::ReusableStringStream() << __VA_ARGS__).str() ) ) \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_UNUSED_WARNINGS
+
+// end catch_section.h
+// start catch_benchmark.h
+
+#include <cstdint>
+#include <string>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class BenchmarkLooper {
+
+        std::string m_name;
+        std::size_t m_count = 0;
+        std::size_t m_iterationsToRun = 1;
+        uint64_t m_resolution;
+        Timer m_timer;
+
+        static auto getResolution() -> uint64_t;
+    public:
+        // Keep most of this inline as it's on the code path that is being timed
+        BenchmarkLooper( StringRef name )
+        :   m_name( name ),
+            m_resolution( getResolution() )
+        {
+            reportStart();
+            m_timer.start();
+        }
+
+        explicit operator bool() {
+            if( m_count < m_iterationsToRun )
+                return true;
+            return needsMoreIterations();
+        }
+
+        void increment() {
+            ++m_count;
+        }
+
+        void reportStart();
+        auto needsMoreIterations() -> bool;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+#define BENCHMARK( name ) \
+    for( Catch::BenchmarkLooper looper( name ); looper; looper.increment() )
+
+// end catch_benchmark.h
+// start catch_interfaces_exception.h
+
+// start catch_interfaces_registry_hub.h
+
+#include <string>
+#include <memory>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class TestCase;
+    struct ITestCaseRegistry;
+    struct IExceptionTranslatorRegistry;
+    struct IExceptionTranslator;
+    struct IReporterRegistry;
+    struct IReporterFactory;
+    struct ITagAliasRegistry;
+    class StartupExceptionRegistry;
+
+    using IReporterFactoryPtr = std::shared_ptr<IReporterFactory>;
+
+    struct IRegistryHub {
+        virtual ~IRegistryHub();
+
+        virtual IReporterRegistry const& getReporterRegistry() const = 0;
+        virtual ITestCaseRegistry const& getTestCaseRegistry() const = 0;
+        virtual ITagAliasRegistry const& getTagAliasRegistry() const = 0;
+
+        virtual IExceptionTranslatorRegistry const& getExceptionTranslatorRegistry() const = 0;
+
+        virtual StartupExceptionRegistry const& getStartupExceptionRegistry() const = 0;
+    };
+
+    struct IMutableRegistryHub {
+        virtual ~IMutableRegistryHub();
+        virtual void registerReporter( std::string const& name, IReporterFactoryPtr const& factory ) = 0;
+        virtual void registerListener( IReporterFactoryPtr const& factory ) = 0;
+        virtual void registerTest( TestCase const& testInfo ) = 0;
+        virtual void registerTranslator( const IExceptionTranslator* translator ) = 0;
+        virtual void registerTagAlias( std::string const& alias, std::string const& tag, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) = 0;
+        virtual void registerStartupException() noexcept = 0;
+    };
+
+    IRegistryHub const& getRegistryHub();
+    IMutableRegistryHub& getMutableRegistryHub();
+    void cleanUp();
+    std::string translateActiveException();
+
+}
+
+// end catch_interfaces_registry_hub.h
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE)
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TRANSLATE_EXCEPTION_NO_REG( translatorName, signature) \
+        static std::string translatorName( signature )
+#endif
+
+#include <exception>
+#include <string>
+#include <vector>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    using exceptionTranslateFunction = std::string(*)();
+
+    struct IExceptionTranslator;
+    using ExceptionTranslators = std::vector<std::unique_ptr<IExceptionTranslator const>>;
+
+    struct IExceptionTranslator {
+        virtual ~IExceptionTranslator();
+        virtual std::string translate( ExceptionTranslators::const_iterator it, ExceptionTranslators::const_iterator itEnd ) const = 0;
+    };
+
+    struct IExceptionTranslatorRegistry {
+        virtual ~IExceptionTranslatorRegistry();
+
+        virtual std::string translateActiveException() const = 0;
+    };
+
+    class ExceptionTranslatorRegistrar {
+        template<typename T>
+        class ExceptionTranslator : public IExceptionTranslator {
+        public:
+
+            ExceptionTranslator( std::string(*translateFunction)( T& ) )
+            : m_translateFunction( translateFunction )
+            {}
+
+            std::string translate( ExceptionTranslators::const_iterator it, ExceptionTranslators::const_iterator itEnd ) const override {
+                try {
+                    if( it == itEnd )
+                        std::rethrow_exception(std::current_exception());
+                    else
+                        return (*it)->translate( it+1, itEnd );
+                }
+                catch( T& ex ) {
+                    return m_translateFunction( ex );
+                }
+            }
+
+        protected:
+            std::string(*m_translateFunction)( T& );
+        };
+
+    public:
+        template<typename T>
+        ExceptionTranslatorRegistrar( std::string(*translateFunction)( T& ) ) {
+            getMutableRegistryHub().registerTranslator
+                ( new ExceptionTranslator<T>( translateFunction ) );
+        }
+    };
+}
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_TRANSLATE_EXCEPTION2( translatorName, signature ) \
+    static std::string translatorName( signature ); \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+    namespace{ Catch::ExceptionTranslatorRegistrar INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( catch_internal_ExceptionRegistrar )( &translatorName ); } \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+    static std::string translatorName( signature )
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_TRANSLATE_EXCEPTION( signature ) INTERNAL_CATCH_TRANSLATE_EXCEPTION2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( catch_internal_ExceptionTranslator ), signature )
+
+// end catch_interfaces_exception.h
+// start catch_approx.h
+
+#include <type_traits>
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Detail {
+
+    class Approx {
+    private:
+        bool equalityComparisonImpl(double other) const;
+        // Validates the new margin (margin >= 0)
+        // out-of-line to avoid including stdexcept in the header
+        void setMargin(double margin);
+        // Validates the new epsilon (0 < epsilon < 1)
+        // out-of-line to avoid including stdexcept in the header
+        void setEpsilon(double epsilon);
+
+    public:
+        explicit Approx ( double value );
+
+        static Approx custom();
+
+        Approx operator-() const;
+
+        template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
+        Approx operator()( T const& value ) {
+            Approx approx( static_cast<double>(value) );
+            approx.m_epsilon = m_epsilon;
+            approx.m_margin = m_margin;
+            approx.m_scale = m_scale;
+            return approx;
+        }
+
+        template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
+        explicit Approx( T const& value ): Approx(static_cast<double>(value))
+        {}
+
+        template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
+        friend bool operator == ( const T& lhs, Approx const& rhs ) {
+            auto lhs_v = static_cast<double>(lhs);
+            return rhs.equalityComparisonImpl(lhs_v);
+        }
+
+        template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
+        friend bool operator == ( Approx const& lhs, const T& rhs ) {
+            return operator==( rhs, lhs );
+        }
+
+        template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
+        friend bool operator != ( T const& lhs, Approx const& rhs ) {
+            return !operator==( lhs, rhs );
+        }
+
+        template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
+        friend bool operator != ( Approx const& lhs, T const& rhs ) {
+            return !operator==( rhs, lhs );
+        }
+
+        template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
+        friend bool operator <= ( T const& lhs, Approx const& rhs ) {
+            return static_cast<double>(lhs) < rhs.m_value || lhs == rhs;
+        }
+
+        template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
+        friend bool operator <= ( Approx const& lhs, T const& rhs ) {
+            return lhs.m_value < static_cast<double>(rhs) || lhs == rhs;
+        }
+
+        template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
+        friend bool operator >= ( T const& lhs, Approx const& rhs ) {
+            return static_cast<double>(lhs) > rhs.m_value || lhs == rhs;
+        }
+
+        template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
+        friend bool operator >= ( Approx const& lhs, T const& rhs ) {
+            return lhs.m_value > static_cast<double>(rhs) || lhs == rhs;
+        }
+
+        template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
+        Approx& epsilon( T const& newEpsilon ) {
+            double epsilonAsDouble = static_cast<double>(newEpsilon);
+            setEpsilon(epsilonAsDouble);
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
+        Approx& margin( T const& newMargin ) {
+            double marginAsDouble = static_cast<double>(newMargin);
+            setMargin(marginAsDouble);
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
+        Approx& scale( T const& newScale ) {
+            m_scale = static_cast<double>(newScale);
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        std::string toString() const;
+
+    private:
+        double m_epsilon;
+        double m_margin;
+        double m_scale;
+        double m_value;
+    };
+} // end namespace Detail
+
+namespace literals {
+    Detail::Approx operator "" _a(long double val);
+    Detail::Approx operator "" _a(unsigned long long val);
+} // end namespace literals
+
+template<>
+struct StringMaker<Catch::Detail::Approx> {
+    static std::string convert(Catch::Detail::Approx const& value);
+};
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_approx.h
+// start catch_string_manip.h
+
+#include <string>
+#include <iosfwd>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    bool startsWith( std::string const& s, std::string const& prefix );
+    bool startsWith( std::string const& s, char prefix );
+    bool endsWith( std::string const& s, std::string const& suffix );
+    bool endsWith( std::string const& s, char suffix );
+    bool contains( std::string const& s, std::string const& infix );
+    void toLowerInPlace( std::string& s );
+    std::string toLower( std::string const& s );
+    std::string trim( std::string const& str );
+    bool replaceInPlace( std::string& str, std::string const& replaceThis, std::string const& withThis );
+
+    struct pluralise {
+        pluralise( std::size_t count, std::string const& label );
+
+        friend std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, pluralise const& pluraliser );
+
+        std::size_t m_count;
+        std::string m_label;
+    };
+}
+
+// end catch_string_manip.h
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_MATCHERS
+// start catch_capture_matchers.h
+
+// start catch_matchers.h
+
+#include <string>
+#include <vector>
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Matchers {
+    namespace Impl {
+
+        template<typename ArgT> struct MatchAllOf;
+        template<typename ArgT> struct MatchAnyOf;
+        template<typename ArgT> struct MatchNotOf;
+
+        class MatcherUntypedBase {
+        public:
+            MatcherUntypedBase() = default;
+            MatcherUntypedBase ( MatcherUntypedBase const& ) = default;
+            MatcherUntypedBase& operator = ( MatcherUntypedBase const& ) = delete;
+            std::string toString() const;
+
+        protected:
+            virtual ~MatcherUntypedBase();
+            virtual std::string describe() const = 0;
+            mutable std::string m_cachedToString;
+        };
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#    pragma clang diagnostic push
+#    pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wnon-virtual-dtor"
+#endif
+
+        template<typename ObjectT>
+        struct MatcherMethod {
+            virtual bool match( ObjectT const& arg ) const = 0;
+        };
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#    pragma clang diagnostic pop
+#endif
+
+        template<typename T>
+        struct MatcherBase : MatcherUntypedBase, MatcherMethod<T> {
+
+            MatchAllOf<T> operator && ( MatcherBase const& other ) const;
+            MatchAnyOf<T> operator || ( MatcherBase const& other ) const;
+            MatchNotOf<T> operator ! () const;
+        };
+
+        template<typename ArgT>
+        struct MatchAllOf : MatcherBase<ArgT> {
+            bool match( ArgT const& arg ) const override {
+                for( auto matcher : m_matchers ) {
+                    if (!matcher->match(arg))
+                        return false;
+                }
+                return true;
+            }
+            std::string describe() const override {
+                std::string description;
+                description.reserve( 4 + m_matchers.size()*32 );
+                description += "( ";
+                bool first = true;
+                for( auto matcher : m_matchers ) {
+                    if( first )
+                        first = false;
+                    else
+                        description += " and ";
+                    description += matcher->toString();
+                }
+                description += " )";
+                return description;
+            }
+
+            MatchAllOf<ArgT>& operator && ( MatcherBase<ArgT> const& other ) {
+                m_matchers.push_back( &other );
+                return *this;
+            }
+
+            std::vector<MatcherBase<ArgT> const*> m_matchers;
+        };
+        template<typename ArgT>
+        struct MatchAnyOf : MatcherBase<ArgT> {
+
+            bool match( ArgT const& arg ) const override {
+                for( auto matcher : m_matchers ) {
+                    if (matcher->match(arg))
+                        return true;
+                }
+                return false;
+            }
+            std::string describe() const override {
+                std::string description;
+                description.reserve( 4 + m_matchers.size()*32 );
+                description += "( ";
+                bool first = true;
+                for( auto matcher : m_matchers ) {
+                    if( first )
+                        first = false;
+                    else
+                        description += " or ";
+                    description += matcher->toString();
+                }
+                description += " )";
+                return description;
+            }
+
+            MatchAnyOf<ArgT>& operator || ( MatcherBase<ArgT> const& other ) {
+                m_matchers.push_back( &other );
+                return *this;
+            }
+
+            std::vector<MatcherBase<ArgT> const*> m_matchers;
+        };
+
+        template<typename ArgT>
+        struct MatchNotOf : MatcherBase<ArgT> {
+
+            MatchNotOf( MatcherBase<ArgT> const& underlyingMatcher ) : m_underlyingMatcher( underlyingMatcher ) {}
+
+            bool match( ArgT const& arg ) const override {
+                return !m_underlyingMatcher.match( arg );
+            }
+
+            std::string describe() const override {
+                return "not " + m_underlyingMatcher.toString();
+            }
+            MatcherBase<ArgT> const& m_underlyingMatcher;
+        };
+
+        template<typename T>
+        MatchAllOf<T> MatcherBase<T>::operator && ( MatcherBase const& other ) const {
+            return MatchAllOf<T>() && *this && other;
+        }
+        template<typename T>
+        MatchAnyOf<T> MatcherBase<T>::operator || ( MatcherBase const& other ) const {
+            return MatchAnyOf<T>() || *this || other;
+        }
+        template<typename T>
+        MatchNotOf<T> MatcherBase<T>::operator ! () const {
+            return MatchNotOf<T>( *this );
+        }
+
+    } // namespace Impl
+
+} // namespace Matchers
+
+using namespace Matchers;
+using Matchers::Impl::MatcherBase;
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_matchers.h
+// start catch_matchers_floating.h
+
+#include <type_traits>
+#include <cmath>
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Matchers {
+
+    namespace Floating {
+
+        enum class FloatingPointKind : uint8_t;
+
+        struct WithinAbsMatcher : MatcherBase<double> {
+            WithinAbsMatcher(double target, double margin);
+            bool match(double const& matchee) const override;
+            std::string describe() const override;
+        private:
+            double m_target;
+            double m_margin;
+        };
+
+        struct WithinUlpsMatcher : MatcherBase<double> {
+            WithinUlpsMatcher(double target, int ulps, FloatingPointKind baseType);
+            bool match(double const& matchee) const override;
+            std::string describe() const override;
+        private:
+            double m_target;
+            int m_ulps;
+            FloatingPointKind m_type;
+        };
+
+    } // namespace Floating
+
+    // The following functions create the actual matcher objects.
+    // This allows the types to be inferred
+    Floating::WithinUlpsMatcher WithinULP(double target, int maxUlpDiff);
+    Floating::WithinUlpsMatcher WithinULP(float target, int maxUlpDiff);
+    Floating::WithinAbsMatcher WithinAbs(double target, double margin);
+
+} // namespace Matchers
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_matchers_floating.h
+// start catch_matchers_generic.hpp
+
+#include <functional>
+#include <string>
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Matchers {
+namespace Generic {
+
+namespace Detail {
+    std::string finalizeDescription(const std::string& desc);
+}
+
+template <typename T>
+class PredicateMatcher : public MatcherBase<T> {
+    std::function<bool(T const&)> m_predicate;
+    std::string m_description;
+public:
+
+    PredicateMatcher(std::function<bool(T const&)> const& elem, std::string const& descr)
+        :m_predicate(std::move(elem)),
+        m_description(Detail::finalizeDescription(descr))
+    {}
+
+    bool match( T const& item ) const override {
+        return m_predicate(item);
+    }
+
+    std::string describe() const override {
+        return m_description;
+    }
+};
+
+} // namespace Generic
+
+    // The following functions create the actual matcher objects.
+    // The user has to explicitly specify type to the function, because
+    // infering std::function<bool(T const&)> is hard (but possible) and
+    // requires a lot of TMP.
+    template<typename T>
+    Generic::PredicateMatcher<T> Predicate(std::function<bool(T const&)> const& predicate, std::string const& description = "") {
+        return Generic::PredicateMatcher<T>(predicate, description);
+    }
+
+} // namespace Matchers
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_matchers_generic.hpp
+// start catch_matchers_string.h
+
+#include <string>
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Matchers {
+
+    namespace StdString {
+
+        struct CasedString
+        {
+            CasedString( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity );
+            std::string adjustString( std::string const& str ) const;
+            std::string caseSensitivitySuffix() const;
+
+            CaseSensitive::Choice m_caseSensitivity;
+            std::string m_str;
+        };
+
+        struct StringMatcherBase : MatcherBase<std::string> {
+            StringMatcherBase( std::string const& operation, CasedString const& comparator );
+            std::string describe() const override;
+
+            CasedString m_comparator;
+            std::string m_operation;
+        };
+
+        struct EqualsMatcher : StringMatcherBase {
+            EqualsMatcher( CasedString const& comparator );
+            bool match( std::string const& source ) const override;
+        };
+        struct ContainsMatcher : StringMatcherBase {
+            ContainsMatcher( CasedString const& comparator );
+            bool match( std::string const& source ) const override;
+        };
+        struct StartsWithMatcher : StringMatcherBase {
+            StartsWithMatcher( CasedString const& comparator );
+            bool match( std::string const& source ) const override;
+        };
+        struct EndsWithMatcher : StringMatcherBase {
+            EndsWithMatcher( CasedString const& comparator );
+            bool match( std::string const& source ) const override;
+        };
+
+        struct RegexMatcher : MatcherBase<std::string> {
+            RegexMatcher( std::string regex, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity );
+            bool match( std::string const& matchee ) const override;
+            std::string describe() const override;
+
+        private:
+            std::string m_regex;
+            CaseSensitive::Choice m_caseSensitivity;
+        };
+
+    } // namespace StdString
+
+    // The following functions create the actual matcher objects.
+    // This allows the types to be inferred
+
+    StdString::EqualsMatcher Equals( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity = CaseSensitive::Yes );
+    StdString::ContainsMatcher Contains( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity = CaseSensitive::Yes );
+    StdString::EndsWithMatcher EndsWith( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity = CaseSensitive::Yes );
+    StdString::StartsWithMatcher StartsWith( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity = CaseSensitive::Yes );
+    StdString::RegexMatcher Matches( std::string const& regex, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity = CaseSensitive::Yes );
+
+} // namespace Matchers
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_matchers_string.h
+// start catch_matchers_vector.h
+
+#include <algorithm>
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Matchers {
+
+    namespace Vector {
+        namespace Detail {
+            template <typename InputIterator, typename T>
+            size_t count(InputIterator first, InputIterator last, T const& item) {
+                size_t cnt = 0;
+                for (; first != last; ++first) {
+                    if (*first == item) {
+                        ++cnt;
+                    }
+                }
+                return cnt;
+            }
+            template <typename InputIterator, typename T>
+            bool contains(InputIterator first, InputIterator last, T const& item) {
+                for (; first != last; ++first) {
+                    if (*first == item) {
+                        return true;
+                    }
+                }
+                return false;
+            }
+        }
+
+        template<typename T>
+        struct ContainsElementMatcher : MatcherBase<std::vector<T>> {
+
+            ContainsElementMatcher(T const &comparator) : m_comparator( comparator) {}
+
+            bool match(std::vector<T> const &v) const override {
+                for (auto const& el : v) {
+                    if (el == m_comparator) {
+                        return true;
+                    }
+                }
+                return false;
+            }
+
+            std::string describe() const override {
+                return "Contains: " + ::Catch::Detail::stringify( m_comparator );
+            }
+
+            T const& m_comparator;
+        };
+
+        template<typename T>
+        struct ContainsMatcher : MatcherBase<std::vector<T>> {
+
+            ContainsMatcher(std::vector<T> const &comparator) : m_comparator( comparator ) {}
+
+            bool match(std::vector<T> const &v) const override {
+                // !TBD: see note in EqualsMatcher
+                if (m_comparator.size() > v.size())
+                    return false;
+                for (auto const& comparator : m_comparator) {
+                    auto present = false;
+                    for (const auto& el : v) {
+                        if (el == comparator) {
+                            present = true;
+                            break;
+                        }
+                    }
+                    if (!present) {
+                        return false;
+                    }
+                }
+                return true;
+            }
+            std::string describe() const override {
+                return "Contains: " + ::Catch::Detail::stringify( m_comparator );
+            }
+
+            std::vector<T> const& m_comparator;
+        };
+
+        template<typename T>
+        struct EqualsMatcher : MatcherBase<std::vector<T>> {
+
+            EqualsMatcher(std::vector<T> const &comparator) : m_comparator( comparator ) {}
+
+            bool match(std::vector<T> const &v) const override {
+                // !TBD: This currently works if all elements can be compared using !=
+                // - a more general approach would be via a compare template that defaults
+                // to using !=. but could be specialised for, e.g. std::vector<T> etc
+                // - then just call that directly
+                if (m_comparator.size() != v.size())
+                    return false;
+                for (std::size_t i = 0; i < v.size(); ++i)
+                    if (m_comparator[i] != v[i])
+                        return false;
+                return true;
+            }
+            std::string describe() const override {
+                return "Equals: " + ::Catch::Detail::stringify( m_comparator );
+            }
+            std::vector<T> const& m_comparator;
+        };
+
+        template<typename T>
+        struct UnorderedEqualsMatcher : MatcherBase<std::vector<T>> {
+            UnorderedEqualsMatcher(std::vector<T> const& target) : m_target(target) {}
+            bool match(std::vector<T> const& vec) const override {
+                // Note: This is a reimplementation of std::is_permutation,
+                //       because I don't want to include <algorithm> inside the common path
+                if (m_target.size() != vec.size()) {
+                    return false;
+                }
+                auto lfirst = m_target.begin(), llast = m_target.end();
+                auto rfirst = vec.begin(), rlast = vec.end();
+                // Cut common prefix to optimize checking of permuted parts
+                while (lfirst != llast && *lfirst == *rfirst) {
+                    ++lfirst; ++rfirst;
+                }
+                if (lfirst == llast) {
+                    return true;
+                }
+
+                for (auto mid = lfirst; mid != llast; ++mid) {
+                    // Skip already counted items
+                    if (Detail::contains(lfirst, mid, *mid)) {
+                        continue;
+                    }
+                    size_t num_vec = Detail::count(rfirst, rlast, *mid);
+                    if (num_vec == 0 || Detail::count(lfirst, llast, *mid) != num_vec) {
+                        return false;
+                    }
+                }
+
+                return true;
+            }
+
+            std::string describe() const override {
+                return "UnorderedEquals: " + ::Catch::Detail::stringify(m_target);
+            }
+        private:
+            std::vector<T> const& m_target;
+        };
+
+    } // namespace Vector
+
+    // The following functions create the actual matcher objects.
+    // This allows the types to be inferred
+
+    template<typename T>
+    Vector::ContainsMatcher<T> Contains( std::vector<T> const& comparator ) {
+        return Vector::ContainsMatcher<T>( comparator );
+    }
+
+    template<typename T>
+    Vector::ContainsElementMatcher<T> VectorContains( T const& comparator ) {
+        return Vector::ContainsElementMatcher<T>( comparator );
+    }
+
+    template<typename T>
+    Vector::EqualsMatcher<T> Equals( std::vector<T> const& comparator ) {
+        return Vector::EqualsMatcher<T>( comparator );
+    }
+
+    template<typename T>
+    Vector::UnorderedEqualsMatcher<T> UnorderedEquals(std::vector<T> const& target) {
+        return Vector::UnorderedEqualsMatcher<T>(target);
+    }
+
+} // namespace Matchers
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_matchers_vector.h
+namespace Catch {
+
+    template<typename ArgT, typename MatcherT>
+    class MatchExpr : public ITransientExpression {
+        ArgT const& m_arg;
+        MatcherT m_matcher;
+        StringRef m_matcherString;
+    public:
+        MatchExpr( ArgT const& arg, MatcherT const& matcher, StringRef const& matcherString )
+        :   ITransientExpression{ true, matcher.match( arg ) },
+            m_arg( arg ),
+            m_matcher( matcher ),
+            m_matcherString( matcherString )
+        {}
+
+        void streamReconstructedExpression( std::ostream &os ) const override {
+            auto matcherAsString = m_matcher.toString();
+            os << Catch::Detail::stringify( m_arg ) << ' ';
+            if( matcherAsString == Detail::unprintableString )
+                os << m_matcherString;
+            else
+                os << matcherAsString;
+        }
+    };
+
+    using StringMatcher = Matchers::Impl::MatcherBase<std::string>;
+
+    void handleExceptionMatchExpr( AssertionHandler& handler, StringMatcher const& matcher, StringRef const& matcherString  );
+
+    template<typename ArgT, typename MatcherT>
+    auto makeMatchExpr( ArgT const& arg, MatcherT const& matcher, StringRef const& matcherString  ) -> MatchExpr<ArgT, MatcherT> {
+        return MatchExpr<ArgT, MatcherT>( arg, matcher, matcherString );
+    }
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#define INTERNAL_CHECK_THAT( macroName, matcher, resultDisposition, arg ) \
+    do { \
+        Catch::AssertionHandler catchAssertionHandler( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(arg) ", " CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(matcher), resultDisposition ); \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TRY { \
+            catchAssertionHandler.handleExpr( Catch::makeMatchExpr( arg, matcher, #matcher##_catch_sr ) ); \
+        } INTERNAL_CATCH_CATCH( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+    } while( false )
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_THROWS_MATCHES( macroName, exceptionType, resultDisposition, matcher, ... ) \
+    do { \
+        Catch::AssertionHandler catchAssertionHandler( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(__VA_ARGS__) ", " CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(exceptionType) ", " CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(matcher), resultDisposition ); \
+        if( catchAssertionHandler.allowThrows() ) \
+            try { \
+                static_cast<void>(__VA_ARGS__ ); \
+                catchAssertionHandler.handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown(); \
+            } \
+            catch( exceptionType const& ex ) { \
+                catchAssertionHandler.handleExpr( Catch::makeMatchExpr( ex, matcher, #matcher##_catch_sr ) ); \
+            } \
+            catch( ... ) { \
+                catchAssertionHandler.handleUnexpectedInflightException(); \
+            } \
+        else \
+            catchAssertionHandler.handleThrowingCallSkipped(); \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+    } while( false )
+
+// end catch_capture_matchers.h
+#endif
+// start catch_generators.hpp
+
+// start catch_interfaces_generatortracker.h
+
+
+#include <memory>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    namespace Generators {
+        class GeneratorBase {
+        protected:
+            size_t m_size = 0;
+
+        public:
+            GeneratorBase( size_t size ) : m_size( size ) {}
+            virtual ~GeneratorBase();
+            auto size() const -> size_t { return m_size; }
+        };
+        using GeneratorBasePtr = std::unique_ptr<GeneratorBase>;
+
+    } // namespace Generators
+
+    struct IGeneratorTracker {
+        virtual ~IGeneratorTracker();
+        virtual auto hasGenerator() const -> bool = 0;
+        virtual auto getGenerator() const -> Generators::GeneratorBasePtr const& = 0;
+        virtual void setGenerator( Generators::GeneratorBasePtr&& generator ) = 0;
+        virtual auto getIndex() const -> std::size_t = 0;
+    };
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_interfaces_generatortracker.h
+// start catch_enforce.h
+
+#include <stdexcept>
+
+namespace Catch {
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
+    template <typename Ex>
+    [[noreturn]]
+    void throw_exception(Ex const& e) {
+        throw e;
+    }
+#else // ^^ Exceptions are enabled //  Exceptions are disabled vv
+    [[noreturn]]
+    void throw_exception(std::exception const& e);
+#endif
+} // namespace Catch;
+
+#define CATCH_PREPARE_EXCEPTION( type, msg ) \
+    type( ( Catch::ReusableStringStream() << msg ).str() )
+#define CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR( msg ) \
+    Catch::throw_exception(CATCH_PREPARE_EXCEPTION( std::logic_error, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO << ": Internal Catch error: " << msg))
+#define CATCH_ERROR( msg ) \
+    Catch::throw_exception(CATCH_PREPARE_EXCEPTION( std::domain_error, msg ))
+#define CATCH_RUNTIME_ERROR( msg ) \
+    Catch::throw_exception(CATCH_PREPARE_EXCEPTION( std::runtime_error, msg ))
+#define CATCH_ENFORCE( condition, msg ) \
+    do{ if( !(condition) ) CATCH_ERROR( msg ); } while(false)
+
+// end catch_enforce.h
+#include <memory>
+#include <vector>
+#include <cassert>
+
+#include <utility>
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Generators {
+
+    // !TBD move this into its own location?
+    namespace pf{
+        template<typename T, typename... Args>
+        std::unique_ptr<T> make_unique( Args&&... args ) {
+            return std::unique_ptr<T>(new T(std::forward<Args>(args)...));
+        }
+    }
+
+    template<typename T>
+    struct IGenerator {
+        virtual ~IGenerator() {}
+        virtual auto get( size_t index ) const -> T = 0;
+    };
+
+    template<typename T>
+    class SingleValueGenerator : public IGenerator<T> {
+        T m_value;
+    public:
+        SingleValueGenerator( T const& value ) : m_value( value ) {}
+
+        auto get( size_t ) const -> T override {
+            return m_value;
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<typename T>
+    class FixedValuesGenerator : public IGenerator<T> {
+        std::vector<T> m_values;
+
+    public:
+        FixedValuesGenerator( std::initializer_list<T> values ) : m_values( values ) {}
+
+        auto get( size_t index ) const -> T override {
+            return m_values[index];
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<typename T>
+    class RangeGenerator : public IGenerator<T> {
+        T const m_first;
+        T const m_last;
+
+    public:
+        RangeGenerator( T const& first, T const& last ) : m_first( first ), m_last( last ) {
+            assert( m_last > m_first );
+        }
+
+        auto get( size_t index ) const -> T override {
+            // ToDo:: introduce a safe cast to catch potential overflows
+            return static_cast<T>(m_first+index);
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<typename T>
+    struct NullGenerator : IGenerator<T> {
+        auto get( size_t ) const -> T override {
+            CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR("A Null Generator is always empty");
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<typename T>
+    class Generator {
+        std::unique_ptr<IGenerator<T>> m_generator;
+        size_t m_size;
+
+    public:
+        Generator( size_t size, std::unique_ptr<IGenerator<T>> generator )
+        :   m_generator( std::move( generator ) ),
+            m_size( size )
+        {}
+
+        auto size() const -> size_t { return m_size; }
+        auto operator[]( size_t index ) const -> T {
+            assert( index < m_size );
+            return m_generator->get( index );
+        }
+    };
+
+    std::vector<size_t> randomiseIndices( size_t selectionSize, size_t sourceSize );
+
+    template<typename T>
+    class GeneratorRandomiser : public IGenerator<T> {
+        Generator<T> m_baseGenerator;
+
+        std::vector<size_t> m_indices;
+    public:
+        GeneratorRandomiser( Generator<T>&& baseGenerator, size_t numberOfItems )
+        :   m_baseGenerator( std::move( baseGenerator ) ),
+            m_indices( randomiseIndices( numberOfItems, m_baseGenerator.size() ) )
+        {}
+
+        auto get( size_t index ) const -> T override {
+            return m_baseGenerator[m_indices[index]];
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<typename T>
+    struct RequiresASpecialisationFor;
+
+    template<typename T>
+    auto all() -> Generator<T> { return RequiresASpecialisationFor<T>(); }
+
+    template<>
+    auto all<int>() -> Generator<int>;
+
+    template<typename T>
+    auto range( T const& first, T const& last ) -> Generator<T> {
+        return Generator<T>( (last-first), pf::make_unique<RangeGenerator<T>>( first, last ) );
+    }
+
+    template<typename T>
+    auto random( T const& first, T const& last ) -> Generator<T> {
+        auto gen = range( first, last );
+        auto size = gen.size();
+
+        return Generator<T>( size, pf::make_unique<GeneratorRandomiser<T>>( std::move( gen ), size ) );
+    }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto random( size_t size ) -> Generator<T> {
+        return Generator<T>( size, pf::make_unique<GeneratorRandomiser<T>>( all<T>(), size ) );
+    }
+
+    template<typename T>
+    auto values( std::initializer_list<T> values ) -> Generator<T> {
+        return Generator<T>( values.size(), pf::make_unique<FixedValuesGenerator<T>>( values ) );
+    }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto value( T const& val ) -> Generator<T> {
+        return Generator<T>( 1, pf::make_unique<SingleValueGenerator<T>>( val ) );
+    }
+
+    template<typename T>
+    auto as() -> Generator<T> {
+        return Generator<T>( 0, pf::make_unique<NullGenerator<T>>() );
+    }
+
+    template<typename... Ts>
+    auto table( std::initializer_list<std::tuple<Ts...>>&& tuples ) -> Generator<std::tuple<Ts...>> {
+        return values<std::tuple<Ts...>>( std::forward<std::initializer_list<std::tuple<Ts...>>>( tuples ) );
+    }
+
+    template<typename T>
+    struct Generators : GeneratorBase {
+        std::vector<Generator<T>> m_generators;
+
+        using type = T;
+
+        Generators() : GeneratorBase( 0 ) {}
+
+        void populate( T&& val ) {
+            m_size += 1;
+            m_generators.emplace_back( value( std::move( val ) ) );
+        }
+        template<typename U>
+        void populate( U&& val ) {
+            populate( T( std::move( val ) ) );
+        }
+        void populate( Generator<T>&& generator ) {
+            m_size += generator.size();
+            m_generators.emplace_back( std::move( generator ) );
+        }
+
+        template<typename U, typename... Gs>
+        void populate( U&& valueOrGenerator, Gs... moreGenerators ) {
+            populate( std::forward<U>( valueOrGenerator ) );
+            populate( std::forward<Gs>( moreGenerators )... );
+        }
+
+        auto operator[]( size_t index ) const -> T {
+            size_t sizes = 0;
+            for( auto const& gen : m_generators ) {
+                auto localIndex = index-sizes;
+                sizes += gen.size();
+                if( index < sizes )
+                    return gen[localIndex];
+            }
+            CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR("Index '" << index << "' is out of range (" << sizes << ')');
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<typename T, typename... Gs>
+    auto makeGenerators( Generator<T>&& generator, Gs... moreGenerators ) -> Generators<T> {
+        Generators<T> generators;
+        generators.m_generators.reserve( 1+sizeof...(Gs) );
+        generators.populate( std::move( generator ), std::forward<Gs>( moreGenerators )... );
+        return generators;
+    }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto makeGenerators( Generator<T>&& generator ) -> Generators<T> {
+        Generators<T> generators;
+        generators.populate( std::move( generator ) );
+        return generators;
+    }
+    template<typename T, typename... Gs>
+    auto makeGenerators( T&& val, Gs... moreGenerators ) -> Generators<T> {
+        return makeGenerators( value( std::forward<T>( val ) ), std::forward<Gs>( moreGenerators )... );
+    }
+    template<typename T, typename U, typename... Gs>
+    auto makeGenerators( U&& val, Gs... moreGenerators ) -> Generators<T> {
+        return makeGenerators( value( T( std::forward<U>( val ) ) ), std::forward<Gs>( moreGenerators )... );
+    }
+
+    auto acquireGeneratorTracker( SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) -> IGeneratorTracker&;
+
+    template<typename L>
+    // Note: The type after -> is weird, because VS2015 cannot parse
+    //       the expression used in the typedef inside, when it is in
+    //       return type. Yeah, ¯\_(ツ)_/¯
+    auto generate( SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo, L const& generatorExpression ) -> decltype(std::declval<decltype(generatorExpression())>()[0]) {
+        using UnderlyingType = typename decltype(generatorExpression())::type;
+
+        IGeneratorTracker& tracker = acquireGeneratorTracker( lineInfo );
+        if( !tracker.hasGenerator() )
+            tracker.setGenerator( pf::make_unique<Generators<UnderlyingType>>( generatorExpression() ) );
+
+        auto const& generator = static_cast<Generators<UnderlyingType> const&>( *tracker.getGenerator() );
+        return generator[tracker.getIndex()];
+    }
+
+} // namespace Generators
+} // namespace Catch
+
+#define GENERATE( ... ) \
+    Catch::Generators::generate( CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, []{ using namespace Catch::Generators; return makeGenerators( __VA_ARGS__ ); } )
+
+// end catch_generators.hpp
+
+// These files are included here so the single_include script doesn't put them
+// in the conditionally compiled sections
+// start catch_test_case_info.h
+
+#include <string>
+#include <vector>
+#include <memory>
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic push
+#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wpadded"
+#endif
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct ITestInvoker;
+
+    struct TestCaseInfo {
+        enum SpecialProperties{
+            None = 0,
+            IsHidden = 1 << 1,
+            ShouldFail = 1 << 2,
+            MayFail = 1 << 3,
+            Throws = 1 << 4,
+            NonPortable = 1 << 5,
+            Benchmark = 1 << 6
+        };
+
+        TestCaseInfo(   std::string const& _name,
+                        std::string const& _className,
+                        std::string const& _description,
+                        std::vector<std::string> const& _tags,
+                        SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo );
+
+        friend void setTags( TestCaseInfo& testCaseInfo, std::vector<std::string> tags );
+
+        bool isHidden() const;
+        bool throws() const;
+        bool okToFail() const;
+        bool expectedToFail() const;
+
+        std::string tagsAsString() const;
+
+        std::string name;
+        std::string className;
+        std::string description;
+        std::vector<std::string> tags;
+        std::vector<std::string> lcaseTags;
+        SourceLineInfo lineInfo;
+        SpecialProperties properties;
+    };
+
+    class TestCase : public TestCaseInfo {
+    public:
+
+        TestCase( ITestInvoker* testCase, TestCaseInfo&& info );
+
+        TestCase withName( std::string const& _newName ) const;
+
+        void invoke() const;
+
+        TestCaseInfo const& getTestCaseInfo() const;
+
+        bool operator == ( TestCase const& other ) const;
+        bool operator < ( TestCase const& other ) const;
+
+    private:
+        std::shared_ptr<ITestInvoker> test;
+    };
+
+    TestCase makeTestCase(  ITestInvoker* testCase,
+                            std::string const& className,
+                            NameAndTags const& nameAndTags,
+                            SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo );
+}
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic pop
+#endif
+
+// end catch_test_case_info.h
+// start catch_interfaces_runner.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct IRunner {
+        virtual ~IRunner();
+        virtual bool aborting() const = 0;
+    };
+}
+
+// end catch_interfaces_runner.h
+
+#ifdef __OBJC__
+// start catch_objc.hpp
+
+#import <objc/runtime.h>
+
+#include <string>
+
+// NB. Any general catch headers included here must be included
+// in catch.hpp first to make sure they are included by the single
+// header for non obj-usage
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// This protocol is really only here for (self) documenting purposes, since
+// all its methods are optional.
+@protocol OcFixture
+
+@optional
+
+-(void) setUp;
+-(void) tearDown;
+
+@end
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class OcMethod : public ITestInvoker {
+
+    public:
+        OcMethod( Class cls, SEL sel ) : m_cls( cls ), m_sel( sel ) {}
+
+        virtual void invoke() const {
+            id obj = [[m_cls alloc] init];
+
+            performOptionalSelector( obj, @selector(setUp)  );
+            performOptionalSelector( obj, m_sel );
+            performOptionalSelector( obj, @selector(tearDown)  );
+
+            arcSafeRelease( obj );
+        }
+    private:
+        virtual ~OcMethod() {}
+
+        Class m_cls;
+        SEL m_sel;
+    };
+
+    namespace Detail{
+
+        inline std::string getAnnotation(   Class cls,
+                                            std::string const& annotationName,
+                                            std::string const& testCaseName ) {
+            NSString* selStr = [[NSString alloc] initWithFormat:@"Catch_%s_%s", annotationName.c_str(), testCaseName.c_str()];
+            SEL sel = NSSelectorFromString( selStr );
+            arcSafeRelease( selStr );
+            id value = performOptionalSelector( cls, sel );
+            if( value )
+                return [(NSString*)value UTF8String];
+            return "";
+        }
+    }
+
+    inline std::size_t registerTestMethods() {
+        std::size_t noTestMethods = 0;
+        int noClasses = objc_getClassList( nullptr, 0 );
+
+        Class* classes = (CATCH_UNSAFE_UNRETAINED Class *)malloc( sizeof(Class) * noClasses);
+        objc_getClassList( classes, noClasses );
+
+        for( int c = 0; c < noClasses; c++ ) {
+            Class cls = classes[c];
+            {
+                u_int count;
+                Method* methods = class_copyMethodList( cls, &count );
+                for( u_int m = 0; m < count ; m++ ) {
+                    SEL selector = method_getName(methods[m]);
+                    std::string methodName = sel_getName(selector);
+                    if( startsWith( methodName, "Catch_TestCase_" ) ) {
+                        std::string testCaseName = methodName.substr( 15 );
+                        std::string name = Detail::getAnnotation( cls, "Name", testCaseName );
+                        std::string desc = Detail::getAnnotation( cls, "Description", testCaseName );
+                        const char* className = class_getName( cls );
+
+                        getMutableRegistryHub().registerTest( makeTestCase( new OcMethod( cls, selector ), className, NameAndTags( name.c_str(), desc.c_str() ), SourceLineInfo("",0) ) );
+                        noTestMethods++;
+                    }
+                }
+                free(methods);
+            }
+        }
+        return noTestMethods;
+    }
+
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_MATCHERS)
+
+    namespace Matchers {
+        namespace Impl {
+        namespace NSStringMatchers {
+
+            struct StringHolder : MatcherBase<NSString*>{
+                StringHolder( NSString* substr ) : m_substr( [substr copy] ){}
+                StringHolder( StringHolder const& other ) : m_substr( [other.m_substr copy] ){}
+                StringHolder() {
+                    arcSafeRelease( m_substr );
+                }
+
+                bool match( NSString* arg ) const override {
+                    return false;
+                }
+
+                NSString* CATCH_ARC_STRONG m_substr;
+            };
+
+            struct Equals : StringHolder {
+                Equals( NSString* substr ) : StringHolder( substr ){}
+
+                bool match( NSString* str ) const override {
+                    return  (str != nil || m_substr == nil ) &&
+                            [str isEqualToString:m_substr];
+                }
+
+                std::string describe() const override {
+                    return "equals string: " + Catch::Detail::stringify( m_substr );
+                }
+            };
+
+            struct Contains : StringHolder {
+                Contains( NSString* substr ) : StringHolder( substr ){}
+
+                bool match( NSString* str ) const {
+                    return  (str != nil || m_substr == nil ) &&
+                            [str rangeOfString:m_substr].location != NSNotFound;
+                }
+
+                std::string describe() const override {
+                    return "contains string: " + Catch::Detail::stringify( m_substr );
+                }
+            };
+
+            struct StartsWith : StringHolder {
+                StartsWith( NSString* substr ) : StringHolder( substr ){}
+
+                bool match( NSString* str ) const override {
+                    return  (str != nil || m_substr == nil ) &&
+                            [str rangeOfString:m_substr].location == 0;
+                }
+
+                std::string describe() const override {
+                    return "starts with: " + Catch::Detail::stringify( m_substr );
+                }
+            };
+            struct EndsWith : StringHolder {
+                EndsWith( NSString* substr ) : StringHolder( substr ){}
+
+                bool match( NSString* str ) const override {
+                    return  (str != nil || m_substr == nil ) &&
+                            [str rangeOfString:m_substr].location == [str length] - [m_substr length];
+                }
+
+                std::string describe() const override {
+                    return "ends with: " + Catch::Detail::stringify( m_substr );
+                }
+            };
+
+        } // namespace NSStringMatchers
+        } // namespace Impl
+
+        inline Impl::NSStringMatchers::Equals
+            Equals( NSString* substr ){ return Impl::NSStringMatchers::Equals( substr ); }
+
+        inline Impl::NSStringMatchers::Contains
+            Contains( NSString* substr ){ return Impl::NSStringMatchers::Contains( substr ); }
+
+        inline Impl::NSStringMatchers::StartsWith
+            StartsWith( NSString* substr ){ return Impl::NSStringMatchers::StartsWith( substr ); }
+
+        inline Impl::NSStringMatchers::EndsWith
+            EndsWith( NSString* substr ){ return Impl::NSStringMatchers::EndsWith( substr ); }
+
+    } // namespace Matchers
+
+    using namespace Matchers;
+
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_MATCHERS
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#define OC_MAKE_UNIQUE_NAME( root, uniqueSuffix ) root##uniqueSuffix
+#define OC_TEST_CASE2( name, desc, uniqueSuffix ) \
++(NSString*) OC_MAKE_UNIQUE_NAME( Catch_Name_test_, uniqueSuffix ) \
+{ \
+return @ name; \
+} \
++(NSString*) OC_MAKE_UNIQUE_NAME( Catch_Description_test_, uniqueSuffix ) \
+{ \
+return @ desc; \
+} \
+-(void) OC_MAKE_UNIQUE_NAME( Catch_TestCase_test_, uniqueSuffix )
+
+#define OC_TEST_CASE( name, desc ) OC_TEST_CASE2( name, desc, __LINE__ )
+
+// end catch_objc.hpp
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_EXTERNAL_INTERFACES
+// start catch_external_interfaces.h
+
+// start catch_reporter_bases.hpp
+
+// start catch_interfaces_reporter.h
+
+// start catch_config.hpp
+
+// start catch_test_spec_parser.h
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic push
+#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wpadded"
+#endif
+
+// start catch_test_spec.h
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic push
+#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wpadded"
+#endif
+
+// start catch_wildcard_pattern.h
+
+namespace Catch
+{
+    class WildcardPattern {
+        enum WildcardPosition {
+            NoWildcard = 0,
+            WildcardAtStart = 1,
+            WildcardAtEnd = 2,
+            WildcardAtBothEnds = WildcardAtStart | WildcardAtEnd
+        };
+
+    public:
+
+        WildcardPattern( std::string const& pattern, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity );
+        virtual ~WildcardPattern() = default;
+        virtual bool matches( std::string const& str ) const;
+
+    private:
+        std::string adjustCase( std::string const& str ) const;
+        CaseSensitive::Choice m_caseSensitivity;
+        WildcardPosition m_wildcard = NoWildcard;
+        std::string m_pattern;
+    };
+}
+
+// end catch_wildcard_pattern.h
+#include <string>
+#include <vector>
+#include <memory>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class TestSpec {
+        struct Pattern {
+            virtual ~Pattern();
+            virtual bool matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const = 0;
+        };
+        using PatternPtr = std::shared_ptr<Pattern>;
+
+        class NamePattern : public Pattern {
+        public:
+            NamePattern( std::string const& name );
+            virtual ~NamePattern();
+            virtual bool matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const override;
+        private:
+            WildcardPattern m_wildcardPattern;
+        };
+
+        class TagPattern : public Pattern {
+        public:
+            TagPattern( std::string const& tag );
+            virtual ~TagPattern();
+            virtual bool matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const override;
+        private:
+            std::string m_tag;
+        };
+
+        class ExcludedPattern : public Pattern {
+        public:
+            ExcludedPattern( PatternPtr const& underlyingPattern );
+            virtual ~ExcludedPattern();
+            virtual bool matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const override;
+        private:
+            PatternPtr m_underlyingPattern;
+        };
+
+        struct Filter {
+            std::vector<PatternPtr> m_patterns;
+
+            bool matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const;
+        };
+
+    public:
+        bool hasFilters() const;
+        bool matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const;
+
+    private:
+        std::vector<Filter> m_filters;
+
+        friend class TestSpecParser;
+    };
+}
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic pop
+#endif
+
+// end catch_test_spec.h
+// start catch_interfaces_tag_alias_registry.h
+
+#include <string>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct TagAlias;
+
+    struct ITagAliasRegistry {
+        virtual ~ITagAliasRegistry();
+        // Nullptr if not present
+        virtual TagAlias const* find( std::string const& alias ) const = 0;
+        virtual std::string expandAliases( std::string const& unexpandedTestSpec ) const = 0;
+
+        static ITagAliasRegistry const& get();
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_interfaces_tag_alias_registry.h
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class TestSpecParser {
+        enum Mode{ None, Name, QuotedName, Tag, EscapedName };
+        Mode m_mode = None;
+        bool m_exclusion = false;
+        std::size_t m_start = std::string::npos, m_pos = 0;
+        std::string m_arg;
+        std::vector<std::size_t> m_escapeChars;
+        TestSpec::Filter m_currentFilter;
+        TestSpec m_testSpec;
+        ITagAliasRegistry const* m_tagAliases = nullptr;
+
+    public:
+        TestSpecParser( ITagAliasRegistry const& tagAliases );
+
+        TestSpecParser& parse( std::string const& arg );
+        TestSpec testSpec();
+
+    private:
+        void visitChar( char c );
+        void startNewMode( Mode mode, std::size_t start );
+        void escape();
+        std::string subString() const;
+
+        template<typename T>
+        void addPattern() {
+            std::string token = subString();
+            for( std::size_t i = 0; i < m_escapeChars.size(); ++i )
+                token = token.substr( 0, m_escapeChars[i]-m_start-i ) + token.substr( m_escapeChars[i]-m_start-i+1 );
+            m_escapeChars.clear();
+            if( startsWith( token, "exclude:" ) ) {
+                m_exclusion = true;
+                token = token.substr( 8 );
+            }
+            if( !token.empty() ) {
+                TestSpec::PatternPtr pattern = std::make_shared<T>( token );
+                if( m_exclusion )
+                    pattern = std::make_shared<TestSpec::ExcludedPattern>( pattern );
+                m_currentFilter.m_patterns.push_back( pattern );
+            }
+            m_exclusion = false;
+            m_mode = None;
+        }
+
+        void addFilter();
+    };
+    TestSpec parseTestSpec( std::string const& arg );
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic pop
+#endif
+
+// end catch_test_spec_parser.h
+// start catch_interfaces_config.h
+
+#include <iosfwd>
+#include <string>
+#include <vector>
+#include <memory>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    enum class Verbosity {
+        Quiet = 0,
+        Normal,
+        High
+    };
+
+    struct WarnAbout { enum What {
+        Nothing = 0x00,
+        NoAssertions = 0x01,
+        NoTests = 0x02
+    }; };
+
+    struct ShowDurations { enum OrNot {
+        DefaultForReporter,
+        Always,
+        Never
+    }; };
+    struct RunTests { enum InWhatOrder {
+        InDeclarationOrder,
+        InLexicographicalOrder,
+        InRandomOrder
+    }; };
+    struct UseColour { enum YesOrNo {
+        Auto,
+        Yes,
+        No
+    }; };
+    struct WaitForKeypress { enum When {
+        Never,
+        BeforeStart = 1,
+        BeforeExit = 2,
+        BeforeStartAndExit = BeforeStart | BeforeExit
+    }; };
+
+    class TestSpec;
+
+    struct IConfig : NonCopyable {
+
+        virtual ~IConfig();
+
+        virtual bool allowThrows() const = 0;
+        virtual std::ostream& stream() const = 0;
+        virtual std::string name() const = 0;
+        virtual bool includeSuccessfulResults() const = 0;
+        virtual bool shouldDebugBreak() const = 0;
+        virtual bool warnAboutMissingAssertions() const = 0;
+        virtual bool warnAboutNoTests() const = 0;
+        virtual int abortAfter() const = 0;
+        virtual bool showInvisibles() const = 0;
+        virtual ShowDurations::OrNot showDurations() const = 0;
+        virtual TestSpec const& testSpec() const = 0;
+        virtual bool hasTestFilters() const = 0;
+        virtual RunTests::InWhatOrder runOrder() const = 0;
+        virtual unsigned int rngSeed() const = 0;
+        virtual int benchmarkResolutionMultiple() const = 0;
+        virtual UseColour::YesOrNo useColour() const = 0;
+        virtual std::vector<std::string> const& getSectionsToRun() const = 0;
+        virtual Verbosity verbosity() const = 0;
+    };
+
+    using IConfigPtr = std::shared_ptr<IConfig const>;
+}
+
+// end catch_interfaces_config.h
+// Libstdc++ doesn't like incomplete classes for unique_ptr
+
+#include <memory>
+#include <vector>
+#include <string>
+
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#define CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH 80
+#endif
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct IStream;
+
+    struct ConfigData {
+        bool listTests = false;
+        bool listTags = false;
+        bool listReporters = false;
+        bool listTestNamesOnly = false;
+
+        bool showSuccessfulTests = false;
+        bool shouldDebugBreak = false;
+        bool noThrow = false;
+        bool showHelp = false;
+        bool showInvisibles = false;
+        bool filenamesAsTags = false;
+        bool libIdentify = false;
+
+        int abortAfter = -1;
+        unsigned int rngSeed = 0;
+        int benchmarkResolutionMultiple = 100;
+
+        Verbosity verbosity = Verbosity::Normal;
+        WarnAbout::What warnings = WarnAbout::Nothing;
+        ShowDurations::OrNot showDurations = ShowDurations::DefaultForReporter;
+        RunTests::InWhatOrder runOrder = RunTests::InDeclarationOrder;
+        UseColour::YesOrNo useColour = UseColour::Auto;
+        WaitForKeypress::When waitForKeypress = WaitForKeypress::Never;
+
+        std::string outputFilename;
+        std::string name;
+        std::string processName;
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_DEFAULT_REPORTER
+#define CATCH_CONFIG_DEFAULT_REPORTER "console"
+#endif
+        std::string reporterName = CATCH_CONFIG_DEFAULT_REPORTER;
+#undef CATCH_CONFIG_DEFAULT_REPORTER
+
+        std::vector<std::string> testsOrTags;
+        std::vector<std::string> sectionsToRun;
+    };
+
+    class Config : public IConfig {
+    public:
+
+        Config() = default;
+        Config( ConfigData const& data );
+        virtual ~Config() = default;
+
+        std::string const& getFilename() const;
+
+        bool listTests() const;
+        bool listTestNamesOnly() const;
+        bool listTags() const;
+        bool listReporters() const;
+
+        std::string getProcessName() const;
+        std::string const& getReporterName() const;
+
+        std::vector<std::string> const& getTestsOrTags() const;
+        std::vector<std::string> const& getSectionsToRun() const override;
+
+        virtual TestSpec const& testSpec() const override;
+        bool hasTestFilters() const override;
+
+        bool showHelp() const;
+
+        // IConfig interface
+        bool allowThrows() const override;
+        std::ostream& stream() const override;
+        std::string name() const override;
+        bool includeSuccessfulResults() const override;
+        bool warnAboutMissingAssertions() const override;
+        bool warnAboutNoTests() const override;
+        ShowDurations::OrNot showDurations() const override;
+        RunTests::InWhatOrder runOrder() const override;
+        unsigned int rngSeed() const override;
+        int benchmarkResolutionMultiple() const override;
+        UseColour::YesOrNo useColour() const override;
+        bool shouldDebugBreak() const override;
+        int abortAfter() const override;
+        bool showInvisibles() const override;
+        Verbosity verbosity() const override;
+
+    private:
+
+        IStream const* openStream();
+        ConfigData m_data;
+
+        std::unique_ptr<IStream const> m_stream;
+        TestSpec m_testSpec;
+        bool m_hasTestFilters = false;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_config.hpp
+// start catch_assertionresult.h
+
+#include <string>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct AssertionResultData
+    {
+        AssertionResultData() = delete;
+
+        AssertionResultData( ResultWas::OfType _resultType, LazyExpression const& _lazyExpression );
+
+        std::string message;
+        mutable std::string reconstructedExpression;
+        LazyExpression lazyExpression;
+        ResultWas::OfType resultType;
+
+        std::string reconstructExpression() const;
+    };
+
+    class AssertionResult {
+    public:
+        AssertionResult() = delete;
+        AssertionResult( AssertionInfo const& info, AssertionResultData const& data );
+
+        bool isOk() const;
+        bool succeeded() const;
+        ResultWas::OfType getResultType() const;
+        bool hasExpression() const;
+        bool hasMessage() const;
+        std::string getExpression() const;
+        std::string getExpressionInMacro() const;
+        bool hasExpandedExpression() const;
+        std::string getExpandedExpression() const;
+        std::string getMessage() const;
+        SourceLineInfo getSourceInfo() const;
+        StringRef getTestMacroName() const;
+
+    //protected:
+        AssertionInfo m_info;
+        AssertionResultData m_resultData;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_assertionresult.h
+// start catch_option.hpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    // An optional type
+    template<typename T>
+    class Option {
+    public:
+        Option() : nullableValue( nullptr ) {}
+        Option( T const& _value )
+        : nullableValue( new( storage ) T( _value ) )
+        {}
+        Option( Option const& _other )
+        : nullableValue( _other ? new( storage ) T( *_other ) : nullptr )
+        {}
+
+        ~Option() {
+            reset();
+        }
+
+        Option& operator= ( Option const& _other ) {
+            if( &_other != this ) {
+                reset();
+                if( _other )
+                    nullableValue = new( storage ) T( *_other );
+            }
+            return *this;
+        }
+        Option& operator = ( T const& _value ) {
+            reset();
+            nullableValue = new( storage ) T( _value );
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        void reset() {
+            if( nullableValue )
+                nullableValue->~T();
+            nullableValue = nullptr;
+        }
+
+        T& operator*() { return *nullableValue; }
+        T const& operator*() const { return *nullableValue; }
+        T* operator->() { return nullableValue; }
+        const T* operator->() const { return nullableValue; }
+
+        T valueOr( T const& defaultValue ) const {
+            return nullableValue ? *nullableValue : defaultValue;
+        }
+
+        bool some() const { return nullableValue != nullptr; }
+        bool none() const { return nullableValue == nullptr; }
+
+        bool operator !() const { return nullableValue == nullptr; }
+        explicit operator bool() const {
+            return some();
+        }
+
+    private:
+        T *nullableValue;
+        alignas(alignof(T)) char storage[sizeof(T)];
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_option.hpp
+#include <string>
+#include <iosfwd>
+#include <map>
+#include <set>
+#include <memory>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct ReporterConfig {
+        explicit ReporterConfig( IConfigPtr const& _fullConfig );
+
+        ReporterConfig( IConfigPtr const& _fullConfig, std::ostream& _stream );
+
+        std::ostream& stream() const;
+        IConfigPtr fullConfig() const;
+
+    private:
+        std::ostream* m_stream;
+        IConfigPtr m_fullConfig;
+    };
+
+    struct ReporterPreferences {
+        bool shouldRedirectStdOut = false;
+        bool shouldReportAllAssertions = false;
+    };
+
+    template<typename T>
+    struct LazyStat : Option<T> {
+        LazyStat& operator=( T const& _value ) {
+            Option<T>::operator=( _value );
+            used = false;
+            return *this;
+        }
+        void reset() {
+            Option<T>::reset();
+            used = false;
+        }
+        bool used = false;
+    };
+
+    struct TestRunInfo {
+        TestRunInfo( std::string const& _name );
+        std::string name;
+    };
+    struct GroupInfo {
+        GroupInfo(  std::string const& _name,
+                    std::size_t _groupIndex,
+                    std::size_t _groupsCount );
+
+        std::string name;
+        std::size_t groupIndex;
+        std::size_t groupsCounts;
+    };
+
+    struct AssertionStats {
+        AssertionStats( AssertionResult const& _assertionResult,
+                        std::vector<MessageInfo> const& _infoMessages,
+                        Totals const& _totals );
+
+        AssertionStats( AssertionStats const& )              = default;
+        AssertionStats( AssertionStats && )                  = default;
+        AssertionStats& operator = ( AssertionStats const& ) = default;
+        AssertionStats& operator = ( AssertionStats && )     = default;
+        virtual ~AssertionStats();
+
+        AssertionResult assertionResult;
+        std::vector<MessageInfo> infoMessages;
+        Totals totals;
+    };
+
+    struct SectionStats {
+        SectionStats(   SectionInfo const& _sectionInfo,
+                        Counts const& _assertions,
+                        double _durationInSeconds,
+                        bool _missingAssertions );
+        SectionStats( SectionStats const& )              = default;
+        SectionStats( SectionStats && )                  = default;
+        SectionStats& operator = ( SectionStats const& ) = default;
+        SectionStats& operator = ( SectionStats && )     = default;
+        virtual ~SectionStats();
+
+        SectionInfo sectionInfo;
+        Counts assertions;
+        double durationInSeconds;
+        bool missingAssertions;
+    };
+
+    struct TestCaseStats {
+        TestCaseStats(  TestCaseInfo const& _testInfo,
+                        Totals const& _totals,
+                        std::string const& _stdOut,
+                        std::string const& _stdErr,
+                        bool _aborting );
+
+        TestCaseStats( TestCaseStats const& )              = default;
+        TestCaseStats( TestCaseStats && )                  = default;
+        TestCaseStats& operator = ( TestCaseStats const& ) = default;
+        TestCaseStats& operator = ( TestCaseStats && )     = default;
+        virtual ~TestCaseStats();
+
+        TestCaseInfo testInfo;
+        Totals totals;
+        std::string stdOut;
+        std::string stdErr;
+        bool aborting;
+    };
+
+    struct TestGroupStats {
+        TestGroupStats( GroupInfo const& _groupInfo,
+                        Totals const& _totals,
+                        bool _aborting );
+        TestGroupStats( GroupInfo const& _groupInfo );
+
+        TestGroupStats( TestGroupStats const& )              = default;
+        TestGroupStats( TestGroupStats && )                  = default;
+        TestGroupStats& operator = ( TestGroupStats const& ) = default;
+        TestGroupStats& operator = ( TestGroupStats && )     = default;
+        virtual ~TestGroupStats();
+
+        GroupInfo groupInfo;
+        Totals totals;
+        bool aborting;
+    };
+
+    struct TestRunStats {
+        TestRunStats(   TestRunInfo const& _runInfo,
+                        Totals const& _totals,
+                        bool _aborting );
+
+        TestRunStats( TestRunStats const& )              = default;
+        TestRunStats( TestRunStats && )                  = default;
+        TestRunStats& operator = ( TestRunStats const& ) = default;
+        TestRunStats& operator = ( TestRunStats && )     = default;
+        virtual ~TestRunStats();
+
+        TestRunInfo runInfo;
+        Totals totals;
+        bool aborting;
+    };
+
+    struct BenchmarkInfo {
+        std::string name;
+    };
+    struct BenchmarkStats {
+        BenchmarkInfo info;
+        std::size_t iterations;
+        uint64_t elapsedTimeInNanoseconds;
+    };
+
+    struct IStreamingReporter {
+        virtual ~IStreamingReporter() = default;
+
+        // Implementing class must also provide the following static methods:
+        // static std::string getDescription();
+        // static std::set<Verbosity> getSupportedVerbosities()
+
+        virtual ReporterPreferences getPreferences() const = 0;
+
+        virtual void noMatchingTestCases( std::string const& spec ) = 0;
+
+        virtual void testRunStarting( TestRunInfo const& testRunInfo ) = 0;
+        virtual void testGroupStarting( GroupInfo const& groupInfo ) = 0;
+
+        virtual void testCaseStarting( TestCaseInfo const& testInfo ) = 0;
+        virtual void sectionStarting( SectionInfo const& sectionInfo ) = 0;
+
+        // *** experimental ***
+        virtual void benchmarkStarting( BenchmarkInfo const& ) {}
+
+        virtual void assertionStarting( AssertionInfo const& assertionInfo ) = 0;
+
+        // The return value indicates if the messages buffer should be cleared:
+        virtual bool assertionEnded( AssertionStats const& assertionStats ) = 0;
+
+        // *** experimental ***
+        virtual void benchmarkEnded( BenchmarkStats const& ) {}
+
+        virtual void sectionEnded( SectionStats const& sectionStats ) = 0;
+        virtual void testCaseEnded( TestCaseStats const& testCaseStats ) = 0;
+        virtual void testGroupEnded( TestGroupStats const& testGroupStats ) = 0;
+        virtual void testRunEnded( TestRunStats const& testRunStats ) = 0;
+
+        virtual void skipTest( TestCaseInfo const& testInfo ) = 0;
+
+        // Default empty implementation provided
+        virtual void fatalErrorEncountered( StringRef name );
+
+        virtual bool isMulti() const;
+    };
+    using IStreamingReporterPtr = std::unique_ptr<IStreamingReporter>;
+
+    struct IReporterFactory {
+        virtual ~IReporterFactory();
+        virtual IStreamingReporterPtr create( ReporterConfig const& config ) const = 0;
+        virtual std::string getDescription() const = 0;
+    };
+    using IReporterFactoryPtr = std::shared_ptr<IReporterFactory>;
+
+    struct IReporterRegistry {
+        using FactoryMap = std::map<std::string, IReporterFactoryPtr>;
+        using Listeners = std::vector<IReporterFactoryPtr>;
+
+        virtual ~IReporterRegistry();
+        virtual IStreamingReporterPtr create( std::string const& name, IConfigPtr const& config ) const = 0;
+        virtual FactoryMap const& getFactories() const = 0;
+        virtual Listeners const& getListeners() const = 0;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_interfaces_reporter.h
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <cstring>
+#include <cfloat>
+#include <cstdio>
+#include <cassert>
+#include <memory>
+#include <ostream>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    void prepareExpandedExpression(AssertionResult& result);
+
+    // Returns double formatted as %.3f (format expected on output)
+    std::string getFormattedDuration( double duration );
+
+    template<typename DerivedT>
+    struct StreamingReporterBase : IStreamingReporter {
+
+        StreamingReporterBase( ReporterConfig const& _config )
+        :   m_config( _config.fullConfig() ),
+            stream( _config.stream() )
+        {
+            m_reporterPrefs.shouldRedirectStdOut = false;
+            if( !DerivedT::getSupportedVerbosities().count( m_config->verbosity() ) )
+                CATCH_ERROR( "Verbosity level not supported by this reporter" );
+        }
+
+        ReporterPreferences getPreferences() const override {
+            return m_reporterPrefs;
+        }
+
+        static std::set<Verbosity> getSupportedVerbosities() {
+            return { Verbosity::Normal };
+        }
+
+        ~StreamingReporterBase() override = default;
+
+        void noMatchingTestCases(std::string const&) override {}
+
+        void testRunStarting(TestRunInfo const& _testRunInfo) override {
+            currentTestRunInfo = _testRunInfo;
+        }
+        void testGroupStarting(GroupInfo const& _groupInfo) override {
+            currentGroupInfo = _groupInfo;
+        }
+
+        void testCaseStarting(TestCaseInfo const& _testInfo) override  {
+            currentTestCaseInfo = _testInfo;
+        }
+        void sectionStarting(SectionInfo const& _sectionInfo) override {
+            m_sectionStack.push_back(_sectionInfo);
+        }
+
+        void sectionEnded(SectionStats const& /* _sectionStats */) override {
+            m_sectionStack.pop_back();
+        }
+        void testCaseEnded(TestCaseStats const& /* _testCaseStats */) override {
+            currentTestCaseInfo.reset();
+        }
+        void testGroupEnded(TestGroupStats const& /* _testGroupStats */) override {
+            currentGroupInfo.reset();
+        }
+        void testRunEnded(TestRunStats const& /* _testRunStats */) override {
+            currentTestCaseInfo.reset();
+            currentGroupInfo.reset();
+            currentTestRunInfo.reset();
+        }
+
+        void skipTest(TestCaseInfo const&) override {
+            // Don't do anything with this by default.
+            // It can optionally be overridden in the derived class.
+        }
+
+        IConfigPtr m_config;
+        std::ostream& stream;
+
+        LazyStat<TestRunInfo> currentTestRunInfo;
+        LazyStat<GroupInfo> currentGroupInfo;
+        LazyStat<TestCaseInfo> currentTestCaseInfo;
+
+        std::vector<SectionInfo> m_sectionStack;
+        ReporterPreferences m_reporterPrefs;
+    };
+
+    template<typename DerivedT>
+    struct CumulativeReporterBase : IStreamingReporter {
+        template<typename T, typename ChildNodeT>
+        struct Node {
+            explicit Node( T const& _value ) : value( _value ) {}
+            virtual ~Node() {}
+
+            using ChildNodes = std::vector<std::shared_ptr<ChildNodeT>>;
+            T value;
+            ChildNodes children;
+        };
+        struct SectionNode {
+            explicit SectionNode(SectionStats const& _stats) : stats(_stats) {}
+            virtual ~SectionNode() = default;
+
+            bool operator == (SectionNode const& other) const {
+                return stats.sectionInfo.lineInfo == other.stats.sectionInfo.lineInfo;
+            }
+            bool operator == (std::shared_ptr<SectionNode> const& other) const {
+                return operator==(*other);
+            }
+
+            SectionStats stats;
+            using ChildSections = std::vector<std::shared_ptr<SectionNode>>;
+            using Assertions = std::vector<AssertionStats>;
+            ChildSections childSections;
+            Assertions assertions;
+            std::string stdOut;
+            std::string stdErr;
+        };
+
+        struct BySectionInfo {
+            BySectionInfo( SectionInfo const& other ) : m_other( other ) {}
+            BySectionInfo( BySectionInfo const& other ) : m_other( other.m_other ) {}
+            bool operator() (std::shared_ptr<SectionNode> const& node) const {
+                return ((node->stats.sectionInfo.name == m_other.name) &&
+                        (node->stats.sectionInfo.lineInfo == m_other.lineInfo));
+            }
+            void operator=(BySectionInfo const&) = delete;
+
+        private:
+            SectionInfo const& m_other;
+        };
+
+        using TestCaseNode = Node<TestCaseStats, SectionNode>;
+        using TestGroupNode = Node<TestGroupStats, TestCaseNode>;
+        using TestRunNode = Node<TestRunStats, TestGroupNode>;
+
+        CumulativeReporterBase( ReporterConfig const& _config )
+        :   m_config( _config.fullConfig() ),
+            stream( _config.stream() )
+        {
+            m_reporterPrefs.shouldRedirectStdOut = false;
+            if( !DerivedT::getSupportedVerbosities().count( m_config->verbosity() ) )
+                CATCH_ERROR( "Verbosity level not supported by this reporter" );
+        }
+        ~CumulativeReporterBase() override = default;
+
+        ReporterPreferences getPreferences() const override {
+            return m_reporterPrefs;
+        }
+
+        static std::set<Verbosity> getSupportedVerbosities() {
+            return { Verbosity::Normal };
+        }
+
+        void testRunStarting( TestRunInfo const& ) override {}
+        void testGroupStarting( GroupInfo const& ) override {}
+
+        void testCaseStarting( TestCaseInfo const& ) override {}
+
+        void sectionStarting( SectionInfo const& sectionInfo ) override {
+            SectionStats incompleteStats( sectionInfo, Counts(), 0, false );
+            std::shared_ptr<SectionNode> node;
+            if( m_sectionStack.empty() ) {
+                if( !m_rootSection )
+                    m_rootSection = std::make_shared<SectionNode>( incompleteStats );
+                node = m_rootSection;
+            }
+            else {
+                SectionNode& parentNode = *m_sectionStack.back();
+                auto it =
+                    std::find_if(   parentNode.childSections.begin(),
+                                    parentNode.childSections.end(),
+                                    BySectionInfo( sectionInfo ) );
+                if( it == parentNode.childSections.end() ) {
+                    node = std::make_shared<SectionNode>( incompleteStats );
+                    parentNode.childSections.push_back( node );
+                }
+                else
+                    node = *it;
+            }
+            m_sectionStack.push_back( node );
+            m_deepestSection = std::move(node);
+        }
+
+        void assertionStarting(AssertionInfo const&) override {}
+
+        bool assertionEnded(AssertionStats const& assertionStats) override {
+            assert(!m_sectionStack.empty());
+            // AssertionResult holds a pointer to a temporary DecomposedExpression,
+            // which getExpandedExpression() calls to build the expression string.
+            // Our section stack copy of the assertionResult will likely outlive the
+            // temporary, so it must be expanded or discarded now to avoid calling
+            // a destroyed object later.
+            prepareExpandedExpression(const_cast<AssertionResult&>( assertionStats.assertionResult ) );
+            SectionNode& sectionNode = *m_sectionStack.back();
+            sectionNode.assertions.push_back(assertionStats);
+            return true;
+        }
+        void sectionEnded(SectionStats const& sectionStats) override {
+            assert(!m_sectionStack.empty());
+            SectionNode& node = *m_sectionStack.back();
+            node.stats = sectionStats;
+            m_sectionStack.pop_back();
+        }
+        void testCaseEnded(TestCaseStats const& testCaseStats) override {
+            auto node = std::make_shared<TestCaseNode>(testCaseStats);
+            assert(m_sectionStack.size() == 0);
+            node->children.push_back(m_rootSection);
+            m_testCases.push_back(node);
+            m_rootSection.reset();
+
+            assert(m_deepestSection);
+            m_deepestSection->stdOut = testCaseStats.stdOut;
+            m_deepestSection->stdErr = testCaseStats.stdErr;
+        }
+        void testGroupEnded(TestGroupStats const& testGroupStats) override {
+            auto node = std::make_shared<TestGroupNode>(testGroupStats);
+            node->children.swap(m_testCases);
+            m_testGroups.push_back(node);
+        }
+        void testRunEnded(TestRunStats const& testRunStats) override {
+            auto node = std::make_shared<TestRunNode>(testRunStats);
+            node->children.swap(m_testGroups);
+            m_testRuns.push_back(node);
+            testRunEndedCumulative();
+        }
+        virtual void testRunEndedCumulative() = 0;
+
+        void skipTest(TestCaseInfo const&) override {}
+
+        IConfigPtr m_config;
+        std::ostream& stream;
+        std::vector<AssertionStats> m_assertions;
+        std::vector<std::vector<std::shared_ptr<SectionNode>>> m_sections;
+        std::vector<std::shared_ptr<TestCaseNode>> m_testCases;
+        std::vector<std::shared_ptr<TestGroupNode>> m_testGroups;
+
+        std::vector<std::shared_ptr<TestRunNode>> m_testRuns;
+
+        std::shared_ptr<SectionNode> m_rootSection;
+        std::shared_ptr<SectionNode> m_deepestSection;
+        std::vector<std::shared_ptr<SectionNode>> m_sectionStack;
+        ReporterPreferences m_reporterPrefs;
+    };
+
+    template<char C>
+    char const* getLineOfChars() {
+        static char line[CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH] = {0};
+        if( !*line ) {
+            std::memset( line, C, CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH-1 );
+            line[CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH-1] = 0;
+        }
+        return line;
+    }
+
+    struct TestEventListenerBase : StreamingReporterBase<TestEventListenerBase> {
+        TestEventListenerBase( ReporterConfig const& _config );
+
+        static std::set<Verbosity> getSupportedVerbosities();
+
+        void assertionStarting(AssertionInfo const&) override;
+        bool assertionEnded(AssertionStats const&) override;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_reporter_bases.hpp
+// start catch_console_colour.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct Colour {
+        enum Code {
+            None = 0,
+
+            White,
+            Red,
+            Green,
+            Blue,
+            Cyan,
+            Yellow,
+            Grey,
+
+            Bright = 0x10,
+
+            BrightRed = Bright | Red,
+            BrightGreen = Bright | Green,
+            LightGrey = Bright | Grey,
+            BrightWhite = Bright | White,
+            BrightYellow = Bright | Yellow,
+
+            // By intention
+            FileName = LightGrey,
+            Warning = BrightYellow,
+            ResultError = BrightRed,
+            ResultSuccess = BrightGreen,
+            ResultExpectedFailure = Warning,
+
+            Error = BrightRed,
+            Success = Green,
+
+            OriginalExpression = Cyan,
+            ReconstructedExpression = BrightYellow,
+
+            SecondaryText = LightGrey,
+            Headers = White
+        };
+
+        // Use constructed object for RAII guard
+        Colour( Code _colourCode );
+        Colour( Colour&& other ) noexcept;
+        Colour& operator=( Colour&& other ) noexcept;
+        ~Colour();
+
+        // Use static method for one-shot changes
+        static void use( Code _colourCode );
+
+    private:
+        bool m_moved = false;
+    };
+
+    std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, Colour const& );
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_console_colour.h
+// start catch_reporter_registrars.hpp
+
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    template<typename T>
+    class ReporterRegistrar {
+
+        class ReporterFactory : public IReporterFactory {
+
+            virtual IStreamingReporterPtr create( ReporterConfig const& config ) const override {
+                return std::unique_ptr<T>( new T( config ) );
+            }
+
+            virtual std::string getDescription() const override {
+                return T::getDescription();
+            }
+        };
+
+    public:
+
+        explicit ReporterRegistrar( std::string const& name ) {
+            getMutableRegistryHub().registerReporter( name, std::make_shared<ReporterFactory>() );
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<typename T>
+    class ListenerRegistrar {
+
+        class ListenerFactory : public IReporterFactory {
+
+            virtual IStreamingReporterPtr create( ReporterConfig const& config ) const override {
+                return std::unique_ptr<T>( new T( config ) );
+            }
+            virtual std::string getDescription() const override {
+                return std::string();
+            }
+        };
+
+    public:
+
+        ListenerRegistrar() {
+            getMutableRegistryHub().registerListener( std::make_shared<ListenerFactory>() );
+        }
+    };
+}
+
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE)
+
+#define CATCH_REGISTER_REPORTER( name, reporterType ) \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS          \
+    namespace{ Catch::ReporterRegistrar<reporterType> catch_internal_RegistrarFor##reporterType( name ); } \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS
+
+#define CATCH_REGISTER_LISTENER( listenerType ) \
+     CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS   \
+     namespace{ Catch::ListenerRegistrar<listenerType> catch_internal_RegistrarFor##listenerType; } \
+     CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS
+#else // CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE
+
+#define CATCH_REGISTER_REPORTER(name, reporterType)
+#define CATCH_REGISTER_LISTENER(listenerType)
+
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE
+
+// end catch_reporter_registrars.hpp
+// Allow users to base their work off existing reporters
+// start catch_reporter_compact.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct CompactReporter : StreamingReporterBase<CompactReporter> {
+
+        using StreamingReporterBase::StreamingReporterBase;
+
+        ~CompactReporter() override;
+
+        static std::string getDescription();
+
+        ReporterPreferences getPreferences() const override;
+
+        void noMatchingTestCases(std::string const& spec) override;
+
+        void assertionStarting(AssertionInfo const&) override;
+
+        bool assertionEnded(AssertionStats const& _assertionStats) override;
+
+        void sectionEnded(SectionStats const& _sectionStats) override;
+
+        void testRunEnded(TestRunStats const& _testRunStats) override;
+
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_reporter_compact.h
+// start catch_reporter_console.h
+
+#if defined(_MSC_VER)
+#pragma warning(push)
+#pragma warning(disable:4061) // Not all labels are EXPLICITLY handled in switch
+                              // Note that 4062 (not all labels are handled
+                              // and default is missing) is enabled
+#endif
+
+namespace Catch {
+    // Fwd decls
+    struct SummaryColumn;
+    class TablePrinter;
+
+    struct ConsoleReporter : StreamingReporterBase<ConsoleReporter> {
+        std::unique_ptr<TablePrinter> m_tablePrinter;
+
+        ConsoleReporter(ReporterConfig const& config);
+        ~ConsoleReporter() override;
+        static std::string getDescription();
+
+        void noMatchingTestCases(std::string const& spec) override;
+
+        void assertionStarting(AssertionInfo const&) override;
+
+        bool assertionEnded(AssertionStats const& _assertionStats) override;
+
+        void sectionStarting(SectionInfo const& _sectionInfo) override;
+        void sectionEnded(SectionStats const& _sectionStats) override;
+
+        void benchmarkStarting(BenchmarkInfo const& info) override;
+        void benchmarkEnded(BenchmarkStats const& stats) override;
+
+        void testCaseEnded(TestCaseStats const& _testCaseStats) override;
+        void testGroupEnded(TestGroupStats const& _testGroupStats) override;
+        void testRunEnded(TestRunStats const& _testRunStats) override;
+
+    private:
+
+        void lazyPrint();
+
+        void lazyPrintWithoutClosingBenchmarkTable();
+        void lazyPrintRunInfo();
+        void lazyPrintGroupInfo();
+        void printTestCaseAndSectionHeader();
+
+        void printClosedHeader(std::string const& _name);
+        void printOpenHeader(std::string const& _name);
+
+        // if string has a : in first line will set indent to follow it on
+        // subsequent lines
+        void printHeaderString(std::string const& _string, std::size_t indent = 0);
+
+        void printTotals(Totals const& totals);
+        void printSummaryRow(std::string const& label, std::vector<SummaryColumn> const& cols, std::size_t row);
+
+        void printTotalsDivider(Totals const& totals);
+        void printSummaryDivider();
+
+    private:
+        bool m_headerPrinted = false;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+#if defined(_MSC_VER)
+#pragma warning(pop)
+#endif
+
+// end catch_reporter_console.h
+// start catch_reporter_junit.h
+
+// start catch_xmlwriter.h
+
+#include <vector>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class XmlEncode {
+    public:
+        enum ForWhat { ForTextNodes, ForAttributes };
+
+        XmlEncode( std::string const& str, ForWhat forWhat = ForTextNodes );
+
+        void encodeTo( std::ostream& os ) const;
+
+        friend std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, XmlEncode const& xmlEncode );
+
+    private:
+        std::string m_str;
+        ForWhat m_forWhat;
+    };
+
+    class XmlWriter {
+    public:
+
+        class ScopedElement {
+        public:
+            ScopedElement( XmlWriter* writer );
+
+            ScopedElement( ScopedElement&& other ) noexcept;
+            ScopedElement& operator=( ScopedElement&& other ) noexcept;
+
+            ~ScopedElement();
+
+            ScopedElement& writeText( std::string const& text, bool indent = true );
+
+            template<typename T>
+            ScopedElement& writeAttribute( std::string const& name, T const& attribute ) {
+                m_writer->writeAttribute( name, attribute );
+                return *this;
+            }
+
+        private:
+            mutable XmlWriter* m_writer = nullptr;
+        };
+
+        XmlWriter( std::ostream& os = Catch::cout() );
+        ~XmlWriter();
+
+        XmlWriter( XmlWriter const& ) = delete;
+        XmlWriter& operator=( XmlWriter const& ) = delete;
+
+        XmlWriter& startElement( std::string const& name );
+
+        ScopedElement scopedElement( std::string const& name );
+
+        XmlWriter& endElement();
+
+        XmlWriter& writeAttribute( std::string const& name, std::string const& attribute );
+
+        XmlWriter& writeAttribute( std::string const& name, bool attribute );
+
+        template<typename T>
+        XmlWriter& writeAttribute( std::string const& name, T const& attribute ) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << attribute;
+            return writeAttribute( name, rss.str() );
+        }
+
+        XmlWriter& writeText( std::string const& text, bool indent = true );
+
+        XmlWriter& writeComment( std::string const& text );
+
+        void writeStylesheetRef( std::string const& url );
+
+        XmlWriter& writeBlankLine();
+
+        void ensureTagClosed();
+
+    private:
+
+        void writeDeclaration();
+
+        void newlineIfNecessary();
+
+        bool m_tagIsOpen = false;
+        bool m_needsNewline = false;
+        std::vector<std::string> m_tags;
+        std::string m_indent;
+        std::ostream& m_os;
+    };
+
+}
+
+// end catch_xmlwriter.h
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class JunitReporter : public CumulativeReporterBase<JunitReporter> {
+    public:
+        JunitReporter(ReporterConfig const& _config);
+
+        ~JunitReporter() override;
+
+        static std::string getDescription();
+
+        void noMatchingTestCases(std::string const& /*spec*/) override;
+
+        void testRunStarting(TestRunInfo const& runInfo) override;
+
+        void testGroupStarting(GroupInfo const& groupInfo) override;
+
+        void testCaseStarting(TestCaseInfo const& testCaseInfo) override;
+        bool assertionEnded(AssertionStats const& assertionStats) override;
+
+        void testCaseEnded(TestCaseStats const& testCaseStats) override;
+
+        void testGroupEnded(TestGroupStats const& testGroupStats) override;
+
+        void testRunEndedCumulative() override;
+
+        void writeGroup(TestGroupNode const& groupNode, double suiteTime);
+
+        void writeTestCase(TestCaseNode const& testCaseNode);
+
+        void writeSection(std::string const& className,
+                          std::string const& rootName,
+                          SectionNode const& sectionNode);
+
+        void writeAssertions(SectionNode const& sectionNode);
+        void writeAssertion(AssertionStats const& stats);
+
+        XmlWriter xml;
+        Timer suiteTimer;
+        std::string stdOutForSuite;
+        std::string stdErrForSuite;
+        unsigned int unexpectedExceptions = 0;
+        bool m_okToFail = false;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_reporter_junit.h
+// start catch_reporter_xml.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+    class XmlReporter : public StreamingReporterBase<XmlReporter> {
+    public:
+        XmlReporter(ReporterConfig const& _config);
+
+        ~XmlReporter() override;
+
+        static std::string getDescription();
+
+        virtual std::string getStylesheetRef() const;
+
+        void writeSourceInfo(SourceLineInfo const& sourceInfo);
+
+    public: // StreamingReporterBase
+
+        void noMatchingTestCases(std::string const& s) override;
+
+        void testRunStarting(TestRunInfo const& testInfo) override;
+
+        void testGroupStarting(GroupInfo const& groupInfo) override;
+
+        void testCaseStarting(TestCaseInfo const& testInfo) override;
+
+        void sectionStarting(SectionInfo const& sectionInfo) override;
+
+        void assertionStarting(AssertionInfo const&) override;
+
+        bool assertionEnded(AssertionStats const& assertionStats) override;
+
+        void sectionEnded(SectionStats const& sectionStats) override;
+
+        void testCaseEnded(TestCaseStats const& testCaseStats) override;
+
+        void testGroupEnded(TestGroupStats const& testGroupStats) override;
+
+        void testRunEnded(TestRunStats const& testRunStats) override;
+
+    private:
+        Timer m_testCaseTimer;
+        XmlWriter m_xml;
+        int m_sectionDepth = 0;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_reporter_xml.h
+
+// end catch_external_interfaces.h
+#endif
+
+#endif // ! CATCH_CONFIG_IMPL_ONLY
+
+#ifdef CATCH_IMPL
+// start catch_impl.hpp
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic push
+#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wweak-vtables"
+#endif
+
+// Keep these here for external reporters
+// start catch_test_case_tracker.h
+
+#include <string>
+#include <vector>
+#include <memory>
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace TestCaseTracking {
+
+    struct NameAndLocation {
+        std::string name;
+        SourceLineInfo location;
+
+        NameAndLocation( std::string const& _name, SourceLineInfo const& _location );
+    };
+
+    struct ITracker;
+
+    using ITrackerPtr = std::shared_ptr<ITracker>;
+
+    struct ITracker {
+        virtual ~ITracker();
+
+        // static queries
+        virtual NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation() const = 0;
+
+        // dynamic queries
+        virtual bool isComplete() const = 0; // Successfully completed or failed
+        virtual bool isSuccessfullyCompleted() const = 0;
+        virtual bool isOpen() const = 0; // Started but not complete
+        virtual bool hasChildren() const = 0;
+
+        virtual ITracker& parent() = 0;
+
+        // actions
+        virtual void close() = 0; // Successfully complete
+        virtual void fail() = 0;
+        virtual void markAsNeedingAnotherRun() = 0;
+
+        virtual void addChild( ITrackerPtr const& child ) = 0;
+        virtual ITrackerPtr findChild( NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation ) = 0;
+        virtual void openChild() = 0;
+
+        // Debug/ checking
+        virtual bool isSectionTracker() const = 0;
+        virtual bool isIndexTracker() const = 0;
+    };
+
+    class TrackerContext {
+
+        enum RunState {
+            NotStarted,
+            Executing,
+            CompletedCycle
+        };
+
+        ITrackerPtr m_rootTracker;
+        ITracker* m_currentTracker = nullptr;
+        RunState m_runState = NotStarted;
+
+    public:
+
+        static TrackerContext& instance();
+
+        ITracker& startRun();
+        void endRun();
+
+        void startCycle();
+        void completeCycle();
+
+        bool completedCycle() const;
+        ITracker& currentTracker();
+        void setCurrentTracker( ITracker* tracker );
+    };
+
+    class TrackerBase : public ITracker {
+    protected:
+        enum CycleState {
+            NotStarted,
+            Executing,
+            ExecutingChildren,
+            NeedsAnotherRun,
+            CompletedSuccessfully,
+            Failed
+        };
+
+        using Children = std::vector<ITrackerPtr>;
+        NameAndLocation m_nameAndLocation;
+        TrackerContext& m_ctx;
+        ITracker* m_parent;
+        Children m_children;
+        CycleState m_runState = NotStarted;
+
+    public:
+        TrackerBase( NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation, TrackerContext& ctx, ITracker* parent );
+
+        NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation() const override;
+        bool isComplete() const override;
+        bool isSuccessfullyCompleted() const override;
+        bool isOpen() const override;
+        bool hasChildren() const override;
+
+        void addChild( ITrackerPtr const& child ) override;
+
+        ITrackerPtr findChild( NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation ) override;
+        ITracker& parent() override;
+
+        void openChild() override;
+
+        bool isSectionTracker() const override;
+        bool isIndexTracker() const override;
+
+        void open();
+
+        void close() override;
+        void fail() override;
+        void markAsNeedingAnotherRun() override;
+
+    private:
+        void moveToParent();
+        void moveToThis();
+    };
+
+    class SectionTracker : public TrackerBase {
+        std::vector<std::string> m_filters;
+    public:
+        SectionTracker( NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation, TrackerContext& ctx, ITracker* parent );
+
+        bool isSectionTracker() const override;
+
+        static SectionTracker& acquire( TrackerContext& ctx, NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation );
+
+        void tryOpen();
+
+        void addInitialFilters( std::vector<std::string> const& filters );
+        void addNextFilters( std::vector<std::string> const& filters );
+    };
+
+    class IndexTracker : public TrackerBase {
+        int m_size;
+        int m_index = -1;
+    public:
+        IndexTracker( NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation, TrackerContext& ctx, ITracker* parent, int size );
+
+        bool isIndexTracker() const override;
+        void close() override;
+
+        static IndexTracker& acquire( TrackerContext& ctx, NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation, int size );
+
+        int index() const;
+
+        void moveNext();
+    };
+
+} // namespace TestCaseTracking
+
+using TestCaseTracking::ITracker;
+using TestCaseTracking::TrackerContext;
+using TestCaseTracking::SectionTracker;
+using TestCaseTracking::IndexTracker;
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_test_case_tracker.h
+
+// start catch_leak_detector.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct LeakDetector {
+        LeakDetector();
+        ~LeakDetector();
+    };
+
+}
+// end catch_leak_detector.h
+// Cpp files will be included in the single-header file here
+// start catch_approx.cpp
+
+#include <cmath>
+#include <limits>
+
+namespace {
+
+// Performs equivalent check of std::fabs(lhs - rhs) <= margin
+// But without the subtraction to allow for INFINITY in comparison
+bool marginComparison(double lhs, double rhs, double margin) {
+    return (lhs + margin >= rhs) && (rhs + margin >= lhs);
+}
+
+}
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Detail {
+
+    Approx::Approx ( double value )
+    :   m_epsilon( std::numeric_limits<float>::epsilon()*100 ),
+        m_margin( 0.0 ),
+        m_scale( 0.0 ),
+        m_value( value )
+    {}
+
+    Approx Approx::custom() {
+        return Approx( 0 );
+    }
+
+    Approx Approx::operator-() const {
+        auto temp(*this);
+        temp.m_value = -temp.m_value;
+        return temp;
+    }
+
+    std::string Approx::toString() const {
+        ReusableStringStream rss;
+        rss << "Approx( " << ::Catch::Detail::stringify( m_value ) << " )";
+        return rss.str();
+    }
+
+    bool Approx::equalityComparisonImpl(const double other) const {
+        // First try with fixed margin, then compute margin based on epsilon, scale and Approx's value
+        // Thanks to Richard Harris for his help refining the scaled margin value
+        return marginComparison(m_value, other, m_margin) || marginComparison(m_value, other, m_epsilon * (m_scale + std::fabs(m_value)));
+    }
+
+    void Approx::setMargin(double margin) {
+        CATCH_ENFORCE(margin >= 0,
+            "Invalid Approx::margin: " << margin << '.'
+            << " Approx::Margin has to be non-negative.");
+        m_margin = margin;
+    }
+
+    void Approx::setEpsilon(double epsilon) {
+        CATCH_ENFORCE(epsilon >= 0 && epsilon <= 1.0,
+            "Invalid Approx::epsilon: " << epsilon << '.'
+            << " Approx::epsilon has to be in [0, 1]");
+        m_epsilon = epsilon;
+    }
+
+} // end namespace Detail
+
+namespace literals {
+    Detail::Approx operator "" _a(long double val) {
+        return Detail::Approx(val);
+    }
+    Detail::Approx operator "" _a(unsigned long long val) {
+        return Detail::Approx(val);
+    }
+} // end namespace literals
+
+std::string StringMaker<Catch::Detail::Approx>::convert(Catch::Detail::Approx const& value) {
+    return value.toString();
+}
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_approx.cpp
+// start catch_assertionhandler.cpp
+
+// start catch_context.h
+
+#include <memory>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct IResultCapture;
+    struct IRunner;
+    struct IConfig;
+    struct IMutableContext;
+
+    using IConfigPtr = std::shared_ptr<IConfig const>;
+
+    struct IContext
+    {
+        virtual ~IContext();
+
+        virtual IResultCapture* getResultCapture() = 0;
+        virtual IRunner* getRunner() = 0;
+        virtual IConfigPtr const& getConfig() const = 0;
+    };
+
+    struct IMutableContext : IContext
+    {
+        virtual ~IMutableContext();
+        virtual void setResultCapture( IResultCapture* resultCapture ) = 0;
+        virtual void setRunner( IRunner* runner ) = 0;
+        virtual void setConfig( IConfigPtr const& config ) = 0;
+
+    private:
+        static IMutableContext *currentContext;
+        friend IMutableContext& getCurrentMutableContext();
+        friend void cleanUpContext();
+        static void createContext();
+    };
+
+    inline IMutableContext& getCurrentMutableContext()
+    {
+        if( !IMutableContext::currentContext )
+            IMutableContext::createContext();
+        return *IMutableContext::currentContext;
+    }
+
+    inline IContext& getCurrentContext()
+    {
+        return getCurrentMutableContext();
+    }
+
+    void cleanUpContext();
+}
+
+// end catch_context.h
+// start catch_debugger.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+    bool isDebuggerActive();
+}
+
+#ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_MAC
+
+    #define CATCH_TRAP() __asm__("int $3\n" : : ) /* NOLINT */
+
+#elif defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_LINUX)
+    // If we can use inline assembler, do it because this allows us to break
+    // directly at the location of the failing check instead of breaking inside
+    // raise() called from it, i.e. one stack frame below.
+    #if defined(__GNUC__) && (defined(__i386) || defined(__x86_64))
+        #define CATCH_TRAP() asm volatile ("int $3") /* NOLINT */
+    #else // Fall back to the generic way.
+        #include <signal.h>
+
+        #define CATCH_TRAP() raise(SIGTRAP)
+    #endif
+#elif defined(_MSC_VER)
+    #define CATCH_TRAP() __debugbreak()
+#elif defined(__MINGW32__)
+    extern "C" __declspec(dllimport) void __stdcall DebugBreak();
+    #define CATCH_TRAP() DebugBreak()
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CATCH_TRAP
+    #define CATCH_BREAK_INTO_DEBUGGER() if( Catch::isDebuggerActive() ) { CATCH_TRAP(); }
+#else
+    namespace Catch {
+        inline void doNothing() {}
+    }
+    #define CATCH_BREAK_INTO_DEBUGGER() Catch::doNothing()
+#endif
+
+// end catch_debugger.h
+// start catch_run_context.h
+
+// start catch_fatal_condition.h
+
+// start catch_windows_h_proxy.h
+
+
+#if defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS)
+
+#if !defined(NOMINMAX) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_NOMINMAX)
+#  define CATCH_DEFINED_NOMINMAX
+#  define NOMINMAX
+#endif
+#if !defined(WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN)
+#  define CATCH_DEFINED_WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
+#  define WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
+#endif
+
+#ifdef __AFXDLL
+#include <AfxWin.h>
+#else
+#include <windows.h>
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CATCH_DEFINED_NOMINMAX
+#  undef NOMINMAX
+#endif
+#ifdef CATCH_DEFINED_WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
+#  undef WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
+#endif
+
+#endif // defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS)
+
+// end catch_windows_h_proxy.h
+#if defined( CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH )
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct FatalConditionHandler {
+
+        static LONG CALLBACK handleVectoredException(PEXCEPTION_POINTERS ExceptionInfo);
+        FatalConditionHandler();
+        static void reset();
+        ~FatalConditionHandler();
+
+    private:
+        static bool isSet;
+        static ULONG guaranteeSize;
+        static PVOID exceptionHandlerHandle;
+    };
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+#elif defined ( CATCH_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS )
+
+#include <signal.h>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct FatalConditionHandler {
+
+        static bool isSet;
+        static struct sigaction oldSigActions[];
+        static stack_t oldSigStack;
+        static char altStackMem[];
+
+        static void handleSignal( int sig );
+
+        FatalConditionHandler();
+        ~FatalConditionHandler();
+        static void reset();
+    };
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+#else
+
+namespace Catch {
+    struct FatalConditionHandler {
+        void reset();
+    };
+}
+
+#endif
+
+// end catch_fatal_condition.h
+#include <string>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct IMutableContext;
+
+    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+
+    class RunContext : public IResultCapture, public IRunner {
+
+    public:
+        RunContext( RunContext const& ) = delete;
+        RunContext& operator =( RunContext const& ) = delete;
+
+        explicit RunContext( IConfigPtr const& _config, IStreamingReporterPtr&& reporter );
+
+        ~RunContext() override;
+
+        void testGroupStarting( std::string const& testSpec, std::size_t groupIndex, std::size_t groupsCount );
+        void testGroupEnded( std::string const& testSpec, Totals const& totals, std::size_t groupIndex, std::size_t groupsCount );
+
+        Totals runTest(TestCase const& testCase);
+
+        IConfigPtr config() const;
+        IStreamingReporter& reporter() const;
+
+    public: // IResultCapture
+
+        // Assertion handlers
+        void handleExpr
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info,
+                    ITransientExpression const& expr,
+                    AssertionReaction& reaction ) override;
+        void handleMessage
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info,
+                    ResultWas::OfType resultType,
+                    StringRef const& message,
+                    AssertionReaction& reaction ) override;
+        void handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info,
+                    AssertionReaction& reaction ) override;
+        void handleUnexpectedInflightException
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info,
+                    std::string const& message,
+                    AssertionReaction& reaction ) override;
+        void handleIncomplete
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info ) override;
+        void handleNonExpr
+                (   AssertionInfo const &info,
+                    ResultWas::OfType resultType,
+                    AssertionReaction &reaction ) override;
+
+        bool sectionStarted( SectionInfo const& sectionInfo, Counts& assertions ) override;
+
+        void sectionEnded( SectionEndInfo const& endInfo ) override;
+        void sectionEndedEarly( SectionEndInfo const& endInfo ) override;
+
+        auto acquireGeneratorTracker( SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) -> IGeneratorTracker& override;
+
+        void benchmarkStarting( BenchmarkInfo const& info ) override;
+        void benchmarkEnded( BenchmarkStats const& stats ) override;
+
+        void pushScopedMessage( MessageInfo const& message ) override;
+        void popScopedMessage( MessageInfo const& message ) override;
+
+        std::string getCurrentTestName() const override;
+
+        const AssertionResult* getLastResult() const override;
+
+        void exceptionEarlyReported() override;
+
+        void handleFatalErrorCondition( StringRef message ) override;
+
+        bool lastAssertionPassed() override;
+
+        void assertionPassed() override;
+
+    public:
+        // !TBD We need to do this another way!
+        bool aborting() const final;
+
+    private:
+
+        void runCurrentTest( std::string& redirectedCout, std::string& redirectedCerr );
+        void invokeActiveTestCase();
+
+        void resetAssertionInfo();
+        bool testForMissingAssertions( Counts& assertions );
+
+        void assertionEnded( AssertionResult const& result );
+        void reportExpr
+                (   AssertionInfo const &info,
+                    ResultWas::OfType resultType,
+                    ITransientExpression const *expr,
+                    bool negated );
+
+        void populateReaction( AssertionReaction& reaction );
+
+    private:
+
+        void handleUnfinishedSections();
+
+        TestRunInfo m_runInfo;
+        IMutableContext& m_context;
+        TestCase const* m_activeTestCase = nullptr;
+        ITracker* m_testCaseTracker;
+        Option<AssertionResult> m_lastResult;
+
+        IConfigPtr m_config;
+        Totals m_totals;
+        IStreamingReporterPtr m_reporter;
+        std::vector<MessageInfo> m_messages;
+        AssertionInfo m_lastAssertionInfo;
+        std::vector<SectionEndInfo> m_unfinishedSections;
+        std::vector<ITracker*> m_activeSections;
+        TrackerContext m_trackerContext;
+        bool m_lastAssertionPassed = false;
+        bool m_shouldReportUnexpected = true;
+        bool m_includeSuccessfulResults;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_run_context.h
+namespace Catch {
+
+    namespace {
+        auto operator <<( std::ostream& os, ITransientExpression const& expr ) -> std::ostream& {
+            expr.streamReconstructedExpression( os );
+            return os;
+        }
+    }
+
+    LazyExpression::LazyExpression( bool isNegated )
+    :   m_isNegated( isNegated )
+    {}
+
+    LazyExpression::LazyExpression( LazyExpression const& other ) : m_isNegated( other.m_isNegated ) {}
+
+    LazyExpression::operator bool() const {
+        return m_transientExpression != nullptr;
+    }
+
+    auto operator << ( std::ostream& os, LazyExpression const& lazyExpr ) -> std::ostream& {
+        if( lazyExpr.m_isNegated )
+            os << "!";
+
+        if( lazyExpr ) {
+            if( lazyExpr.m_isNegated && lazyExpr.m_transientExpression->isBinaryExpression() )
+                os << "(" << *lazyExpr.m_transientExpression << ")";
+            else
+                os << *lazyExpr.m_transientExpression;
+        }
+        else {
+            os << "{** error - unchecked empty expression requested **}";
+        }
+        return os;
+    }
+
+    AssertionHandler::AssertionHandler
+        (   StringRef const& macroName,
+            SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo,
+            StringRef capturedExpression,
+            ResultDisposition::Flags resultDisposition )
+    :   m_assertionInfo{ macroName, lineInfo, capturedExpression, resultDisposition },
+        m_resultCapture( getResultCapture() )
+    {}
+
+    void AssertionHandler::handleExpr( ITransientExpression const& expr ) {
+        m_resultCapture.handleExpr( m_assertionInfo, expr, m_reaction );
+    }
+    void AssertionHandler::handleMessage(ResultWas::OfType resultType, StringRef const& message) {
+        m_resultCapture.handleMessage( m_assertionInfo, resultType, message, m_reaction );
+    }
+
+    auto AssertionHandler::allowThrows() const -> bool {
+        return getCurrentContext().getConfig()->allowThrows();
+    }
+
+    void AssertionHandler::complete() {
+        setCompleted();
+        if( m_reaction.shouldDebugBreak ) {
+
+            // If you find your debugger stopping you here then go one level up on the
+            // call-stack for the code that caused it (typically a failed assertion)
+
+            // (To go back to the test and change execution, jump over the throw, next)
+            CATCH_BREAK_INTO_DEBUGGER();
+        }
+        if (m_reaction.shouldThrow) {
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
+            throw Catch::TestFailureException();
+#else
+            CATCH_ERROR( "Test failure requires aborting test!" );
+#endif
+        }
+    }
+    void AssertionHandler::setCompleted() {
+        m_completed = true;
+    }
+
+    void AssertionHandler::handleUnexpectedInflightException() {
+        m_resultCapture.handleUnexpectedInflightException( m_assertionInfo, Catch::translateActiveException(), m_reaction );
+    }
+
+    void AssertionHandler::handleExceptionThrownAsExpected() {
+        m_resultCapture.handleNonExpr(m_assertionInfo, ResultWas::Ok, m_reaction);
+    }
+    void AssertionHandler::handleExceptionNotThrownAsExpected() {
+        m_resultCapture.handleNonExpr(m_assertionInfo, ResultWas::Ok, m_reaction);
+    }
+
+    void AssertionHandler::handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown() {
+        m_resultCapture.handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown( m_assertionInfo, m_reaction );
+    }
+
+    void AssertionHandler::handleThrowingCallSkipped() {
+        m_resultCapture.handleNonExpr(m_assertionInfo, ResultWas::Ok, m_reaction);
+    }
+
+    // This is the overload that takes a string and infers the Equals matcher from it
+    // The more general overload, that takes any string matcher, is in catch_capture_matchers.cpp
+    void handleExceptionMatchExpr( AssertionHandler& handler, std::string const& str, StringRef const& matcherString  ) {
+        handleExceptionMatchExpr( handler, Matchers::Equals( str ), matcherString );
+    }
+
+} // namespace Catch
+// end catch_assertionhandler.cpp
+// start catch_assertionresult.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+    AssertionResultData::AssertionResultData(ResultWas::OfType _resultType, LazyExpression const & _lazyExpression):
+        lazyExpression(_lazyExpression),
+        resultType(_resultType) {}
+
+    std::string AssertionResultData::reconstructExpression() const {
+
+        if( reconstructedExpression.empty() ) {
+            if( lazyExpression ) {
+                ReusableStringStream rss;
+                rss << lazyExpression;
+                reconstructedExpression = rss.str();
+            }
+        }
+        return reconstructedExpression;
+    }
+
+    AssertionResult::AssertionResult( AssertionInfo const& info, AssertionResultData const& data )
+    :   m_info( info ),
+        m_resultData( data )
+    {}
+
+    // Result was a success
+    bool AssertionResult::succeeded() const {
+        return Catch::isOk( m_resultData.resultType );
+    }
+
+    // Result was a success, or failure is suppressed
+    bool AssertionResult::isOk() const {
+        return Catch::isOk( m_resultData.resultType ) || shouldSuppressFailure( m_info.resultDisposition );
+    }
+
+    ResultWas::OfType AssertionResult::getResultType() const {
+        return m_resultData.resultType;
+    }
+
+    bool AssertionResult::hasExpression() const {
+        return m_info.capturedExpression[0] != 0;
+    }
+
+    bool AssertionResult::hasMessage() const {
+        return !m_resultData.message.empty();
+    }
+
+    std::string AssertionResult::getExpression() const {
+        if( isFalseTest( m_info.resultDisposition ) )
+            return "!(" + m_info.capturedExpression + ")";
+        else
+            return m_info.capturedExpression;
+    }
+
+    std::string AssertionResult::getExpressionInMacro() const {
+        std::string expr;
+        if( m_info.macroName[0] == 0 )
+            expr = m_info.capturedExpression;
+        else {
+            expr.reserve( m_info.macroName.size() + m_info.capturedExpression.size() + 4 );
+            expr += m_info.macroName;
+            expr += "( ";
+            expr += m_info.capturedExpression;
+            expr += " )";
+        }
+        return expr;
+    }
+
+    bool AssertionResult::hasExpandedExpression() const {
+        return hasExpression() && getExpandedExpression() != getExpression();
+    }
+
+    std::string AssertionResult::getExpandedExpression() const {
+        std::string expr = m_resultData.reconstructExpression();
+        return expr.empty()
+                ? getExpression()
+                : expr;
+    }
+
+    std::string AssertionResult::getMessage() const {
+        return m_resultData.message;
+    }
+    SourceLineInfo AssertionResult::getSourceInfo() const {
+        return m_info.lineInfo;
+    }
+
+    StringRef AssertionResult::getTestMacroName() const {
+        return m_info.macroName;
+    }
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_assertionresult.cpp
+// start catch_benchmark.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    auto BenchmarkLooper::getResolution() -> uint64_t {
+        return getEstimatedClockResolution() * getCurrentContext().getConfig()->benchmarkResolutionMultiple();
+    }
+
+    void BenchmarkLooper::reportStart() {
+        getResultCapture().benchmarkStarting( { m_name } );
+    }
+    auto BenchmarkLooper::needsMoreIterations() -> bool {
+        auto elapsed = m_timer.getElapsedNanoseconds();
+
+        // Exponentially increasing iterations until we're confident in our timer resolution
+        if( elapsed < m_resolution ) {
+            m_iterationsToRun *= 10;
+            return true;
+        }
+
+        getResultCapture().benchmarkEnded( { { m_name }, m_count, elapsed } );
+        return false;
+    }
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_benchmark.cpp
+// start catch_capture_matchers.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    using StringMatcher = Matchers::Impl::MatcherBase<std::string>;
+
+    // This is the general overload that takes a any string matcher
+    // There is another overload, in catch_assertionhandler.h/.cpp, that only takes a string and infers
+    // the Equals matcher (so the header does not mention matchers)
+    void handleExceptionMatchExpr( AssertionHandler& handler, StringMatcher const& matcher, StringRef const& matcherString  ) {
+        std::string exceptionMessage = Catch::translateActiveException();
+        MatchExpr<std::string, StringMatcher const&> expr( exceptionMessage, matcher, matcherString );
+        handler.handleExpr( expr );
+    }
+
+} // namespace Catch
+// end catch_capture_matchers.cpp
+// start catch_commandline.cpp
+
+// start catch_commandline.h
+
+// start catch_clara.h
+
+// Use Catch's value for console width (store Clara's off to the side, if present)
+#ifdef CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#define CATCH_TEMP_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH CATCH_CLARA_TEXTFLOW_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#undef CATCH_CLARA_TEXTFLOW_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#endif
+#define CATCH_CLARA_TEXTFLOW_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH-1
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic push
+#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wweak-vtables"
+#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wexit-time-destructors"
+#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wshadow"
+#endif
+
+// start clara.hpp
+// Copyright 2017 Two Blue Cubes Ltd. All rights reserved.
+//
+// Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying
+// file LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)
+//
+// See https://github.com/philsquared/Clara for more details
+
+// Clara v1.1.5
+
+
+#ifndef CATCH_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#define CATCH_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH 80
+#endif
+
+#ifndef CATCH_CLARA_TEXTFLOW_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#define CATCH_CLARA_TEXTFLOW_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH CATCH_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#endif
+
+#ifndef CLARA_CONFIG_OPTIONAL_TYPE
+#ifdef __has_include
+#if __has_include(<optional>) && __cplusplus >= 201703L
+#include <optional>
+#define CLARA_CONFIG_OPTIONAL_TYPE std::optional
+#endif
+#endif
+#endif
+
+// ----------- #included from clara_textflow.hpp -----------
+
+// TextFlowCpp
+//
+// A single-header library for wrapping and laying out basic text, by Phil Nash
+//
+// Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying
+// file LICENSE.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)
+//
+// This project is hosted at https://github.com/philsquared/textflowcpp
+
+
+#include <cassert>
+#include <ostream>
+#include <sstream>
+#include <vector>
+
+#ifndef CATCH_CLARA_TEXTFLOW_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#define CATCH_CLARA_TEXTFLOW_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH 80
+#endif
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace clara {
+namespace TextFlow {
+
+inline auto isWhitespace(char c) -> bool {
+       static std::string chars = " \t\n\r";
+       return chars.find(c) != std::string::npos;
+}
+inline auto isBreakableBefore(char c) -> bool {
+       static std::string chars = "[({<|";
+       return chars.find(c) != std::string::npos;
+}
+inline auto isBreakableAfter(char c) -> bool {
+       static std::string chars = "])}>.,:;*+-=&/\\";
+       return chars.find(c) != std::string::npos;
+}
+
+class Columns;
+
+class Column {
+       std::vector<std::string> m_strings;
+       size_t m_width = CATCH_CLARA_TEXTFLOW_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH;
+       size_t m_indent = 0;
+       size_t m_initialIndent = std::string::npos;
+
+public:
+       class iterator {
+               friend Column;
+
+               Column const& m_column;
+               size_t m_stringIndex = 0;
+               size_t m_pos = 0;
+
+               size_t m_len = 0;
+               size_t m_end = 0;
+               bool m_suffix = false;
+
+               iterator(Column const& column, size_t stringIndex)
+                       : m_column(column),
+                       m_stringIndex(stringIndex) {}
+
+               auto line() const -> std::string const& { return m_column.m_strings[m_stringIndex]; }
+
+               auto isBoundary(size_t at) const -> bool {
+                       assert(at > 0);
+                       assert(at <= line().size());
+
+                       return at == line().size() ||
+                               (isWhitespace(line()[at]) && !isWhitespace(line()[at - 1])) ||
+                               isBreakableBefore(line()[at]) ||
+                               isBreakableAfter(line()[at - 1]);
+               }
+
+               void calcLength() {
+                       assert(m_stringIndex < m_column.m_strings.size());
+
+                       m_suffix = false;
+                       auto width = m_column.m_width - indent();
+                       m_end = m_pos;
+                       while (m_end < line().size() && line()[m_end] != '\n')
+                               ++m_end;
+
+                       if (m_end < m_pos + width) {
+                               m_len = m_end - m_pos;
+                       } else {
+                               size_t len = width;
+                               while (len > 0 && !isBoundary(m_pos + len))
+                                       --len;
+                               while (len > 0 && isWhitespace(line()[m_pos + len - 1]))
+                                       --len;
+
+                               if (len > 0) {
+                                       m_len = len;
+                               } else {
+                                       m_suffix = true;
+                                       m_len = width - 1;
+                               }
+                       }
+               }
+
+               auto indent() const -> size_t {
+                       auto initial = m_pos == 0 && m_stringIndex == 0 ? m_column.m_initialIndent : std::string::npos;
+                       return initial == std::string::npos ? m_column.m_indent : initial;
+               }
+
+               auto addIndentAndSuffix(std::string const &plain) const -> std::string {
+                       return std::string(indent(), ' ') + (m_suffix ? plain + "-" : plain);
+               }
+
+       public:
+               using difference_type = std::ptrdiff_t;
+               using value_type = std::string;
+               using pointer = value_type * ;
+               using reference = value_type & ;
+               using iterator_category = std::forward_iterator_tag;
+
+               explicit iterator(Column const& column) : m_column(column) {
+                       assert(m_column.m_width > m_column.m_indent);
+                       assert(m_column.m_initialIndent == std::string::npos || m_column.m_width > m_column.m_initialIndent);
+                       calcLength();
+                       if (m_len == 0)
+                               m_stringIndex++; // Empty string
+               }
+
+               auto operator *() const -> std::string {
+                       assert(m_stringIndex < m_column.m_strings.size());
+                       assert(m_pos <= m_end);
+                       return addIndentAndSuffix(line().substr(m_pos, m_len));
+               }
+
+               auto operator ++() -> iterator& {
+                       m_pos += m_len;
+                       if (m_pos < line().size() && line()[m_pos] == '\n')
+                               m_pos += 1;
+                       else
+                               while (m_pos < line().size() && isWhitespace(line()[m_pos]))
+                                       ++m_pos;
+
+                       if (m_pos == line().size()) {
+                               m_pos = 0;
+                               ++m_stringIndex;
+                       }
+                       if (m_stringIndex < m_column.m_strings.size())
+                               calcLength();
+                       return *this;
+               }
+               auto operator ++(int) -> iterator {
+                       iterator prev(*this);
+                       operator++();
+                       return prev;
+               }
+
+               auto operator ==(iterator const& other) const -> bool {
+                       return
+                               m_pos == other.m_pos &&
+                               m_stringIndex == other.m_stringIndex &&
+                               &m_column == &other.m_column;
+               }
+               auto operator !=(iterator const& other) const -> bool {
+                       return !operator==(other);
+               }
+       };
+       using const_iterator = iterator;
+
+       explicit Column(std::string const& text) { m_strings.push_back(text); }
+
+       auto width(size_t newWidth) -> Column& {
+               assert(newWidth > 0);
+               m_width = newWidth;
+               return *this;
+       }
+       auto indent(size_t newIndent) -> Column& {
+               m_indent = newIndent;
+               return *this;
+       }
+       auto initialIndent(size_t newIndent) -> Column& {
+               m_initialIndent = newIndent;
+               return *this;
+       }
+
+       auto width() const -> size_t { return m_width; }
+       auto begin() const -> iterator { return iterator(*this); }
+       auto end() const -> iterator { return { *this, m_strings.size() }; }
+
+       inline friend std::ostream& operator << (std::ostream& os, Column const& col) {
+               bool first = true;
+               for (auto line : col) {
+                       if (first)
+                               first = false;
+                       else
+                               os << "\n";
+                       os << line;
+               }
+               return os;
+       }
+
+       auto operator + (Column const& other)->Columns;
+
+       auto toString() const -> std::string {
+               std::ostringstream oss;
+               oss << *this;
+               return oss.str();
+       }
+};
+
+class Spacer : public Column {
+
+public:
+       explicit Spacer(size_t spaceWidth) : Column("") {
+               width(spaceWidth);
+       }
+};
+
+class Columns {
+       std::vector<Column> m_columns;
+
+public:
+
+       class iterator {
+               friend Columns;
+               struct EndTag {};
+
+               std::vector<Column> const& m_columns;
+               std::vector<Column::iterator> m_iterators;
+               size_t m_activeIterators;
+
+               iterator(Columns const& columns, EndTag)
+                       : m_columns(columns.m_columns),
+                       m_activeIterators(0) {
+                       m_iterators.reserve(m_columns.size());
+
+                       for (auto const& col : m_columns)
+                               m_iterators.push_back(col.end());
+               }
+
+       public:
+               using difference_type = std::ptrdiff_t;
+               using value_type = std::string;
+               using pointer = value_type * ;
+               using reference = value_type & ;
+               using iterator_category = std::forward_iterator_tag;
+
+               explicit iterator(Columns const& columns)
+                       : m_columns(columns.m_columns),
+                       m_activeIterators(m_columns.size()) {
+                       m_iterators.reserve(m_columns.size());
+
+                       for (auto const& col : m_columns)
+                               m_iterators.push_back(col.begin());
+               }
+
+               auto operator ==(iterator const& other) const -> bool {
+                       return m_iterators == other.m_iterators;
+               }
+               auto operator !=(iterator const& other) const -> bool {
+                       return m_iterators != other.m_iterators;
+               }
+               auto operator *() const -> std::string {
+                       std::string row, padding;
+
+                       for (size_t i = 0; i < m_columns.size(); ++i) {
+                               auto width = m_columns[i].width();
+                               if (m_iterators[i] != m_columns[i].end()) {
+                                       std::string col = *m_iterators[i];
+                                       row += padding + col;
+                                       if (col.size() < width)
+                                               padding = std::string(width - col.size(), ' ');
+                                       else
+                                               padding = "";
+                               } else {
+                                       padding += std::string(width, ' ');
+                               }
+                       }
+                       return row;
+               }
+               auto operator ++() -> iterator& {
+                       for (size_t i = 0; i < m_columns.size(); ++i) {
+                               if (m_iterators[i] != m_columns[i].end())
+                                       ++m_iterators[i];
+                       }
+                       return *this;
+               }
+               auto operator ++(int) -> iterator {
+                       iterator prev(*this);
+                       operator++();
+                       return prev;
+               }
+       };
+       using const_iterator = iterator;
+
+       auto begin() const -> iterator { return iterator(*this); }
+       auto end() const -> iterator { return { *this, iterator::EndTag() }; }
+
+       auto operator += (Column const& col) -> Columns& {
+               m_columns.push_back(col);
+               return *this;
+       }
+       auto operator + (Column const& col) -> Columns {
+               Columns combined = *this;
+               combined += col;
+               return combined;
+       }
+
+       inline friend std::ostream& operator << (std::ostream& os, Columns const& cols) {
+
+               bool first = true;
+               for (auto line : cols) {
+                       if (first)
+                               first = false;
+                       else
+                               os << "\n";
+                       os << line;
+               }
+               return os;
+       }
+
+       auto toString() const -> std::string {
+               std::ostringstream oss;
+               oss << *this;
+               return oss.str();
+       }
+};
+
+inline auto Column::operator + (Column const& other) -> Columns {
+       Columns cols;
+       cols += *this;
+       cols += other;
+       return cols;
+}
+}
+
+}
+}
+
+// ----------- end of #include from clara_textflow.hpp -----------
+// ........... back in clara.hpp
+
+#include <string>
+#include <memory>
+#include <set>
+#include <algorithm>
+
+#if !defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS) && ( defined(WIN32) || defined(__WIN32__) || defined(_WIN32) || defined(_MSC_VER) )
+#define CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
+#endif
+
+namespace Catch { namespace clara {
+namespace detail {
+
+    // Traits for extracting arg and return type of lambdas (for single argument lambdas)
+    template<typename L>
+    struct UnaryLambdaTraits : UnaryLambdaTraits<decltype( &L::operator() )> {};
+
+    template<typename ClassT, typename ReturnT, typename... Args>
+    struct UnaryLambdaTraits<ReturnT( ClassT::* )( Args... ) const> {
+        static const bool isValid = false;
+    };
+
+    template<typename ClassT, typename ReturnT, typename ArgT>
+    struct UnaryLambdaTraits<ReturnT( ClassT::* )( ArgT ) const> {
+        static const bool isValid = true;
+        using ArgType = typename std::remove_const<typename std::remove_reference<ArgT>::type>::type;
+        using ReturnType = ReturnT;
+    };
+
+    class TokenStream;
+
+    // Transport for raw args (copied from main args, or supplied via init list for testing)
+    class Args {
+        friend TokenStream;
+        std::string m_exeName;
+        std::vector<std::string> m_args;
+
+    public:
+        Args( int argc, char const* const* argv )
+            : m_exeName(argv[0]),
+              m_args(argv + 1, argv + argc) {}
+
+        Args( std::initializer_list<std::string> args )
+        :   m_exeName( *args.begin() ),
+            m_args( args.begin()+1, args.end() )
+        {}
+
+        auto exeName() const -> std::string {
+            return m_exeName;
+        }
+    };
+
+    // Wraps a token coming from a token stream. These may not directly correspond to strings as a single string
+    // may encode an option + its argument if the : or = form is used
+    enum class TokenType {
+        Option, Argument
+    };
+    struct Token {
+        TokenType type;
+        std::string token;
+    };
+
+    inline auto isOptPrefix( char c ) -> bool {
+        return c == '-'
+#ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
+            || c == '/'
+#endif
+        ;
+    }
+
+    // Abstracts iterators into args as a stream of tokens, with option arguments uniformly handled
+    class TokenStream {
+        using Iterator = std::vector<std::string>::const_iterator;
+        Iterator it;
+        Iterator itEnd;
+        std::vector<Token> m_tokenBuffer;
+
+        void loadBuffer() {
+            m_tokenBuffer.resize( 0 );
+
+            // Skip any empty strings
+            while( it != itEnd && it->empty() )
+                ++it;
+
+            if( it != itEnd ) {
+                auto const &next = *it;
+                if( isOptPrefix( next[0] ) ) {
+                    auto delimiterPos = next.find_first_of( " :=" );
+                    if( delimiterPos != std::string::npos ) {
+                        m_tokenBuffer.push_back( { TokenType::Option, next.substr( 0, delimiterPos ) } );
+                        m_tokenBuffer.push_back( { TokenType::Argument, next.substr( delimiterPos + 1 ) } );
+                    } else {
+                        if( next[1] != '-' && next.size() > 2 ) {
+                            std::string opt = "- ";
+                            for( size_t i = 1; i < next.size(); ++i ) {
+                                opt[1] = next[i];
+                                m_tokenBuffer.push_back( { TokenType::Option, opt } );
+                            }
+                        } else {
+                            m_tokenBuffer.push_back( { TokenType::Option, next } );
+                        }
+                    }
+                } else {
+                    m_tokenBuffer.push_back( { TokenType::Argument, next } );
+                }
+            }
+        }
+
+    public:
+        explicit TokenStream( Args const &args ) : TokenStream( args.m_args.begin(), args.m_args.end() ) {}
+
+        TokenStream( Iterator it, Iterator itEnd ) : it( it ), itEnd( itEnd ) {
+            loadBuffer();
+        }
+
+        explicit operator bool() const {
+            return !m_tokenBuffer.empty() || it != itEnd;
+        }
+
+        auto count() const -> size_t { return m_tokenBuffer.size() + (itEnd - it); }
+
+        auto operator*() const -> Token {
+            assert( !m_tokenBuffer.empty() );
+            return m_tokenBuffer.front();
+        }
+
+        auto operator->() const -> Token const * {
+            assert( !m_tokenBuffer.empty() );
+            return &m_tokenBuffer.front();
+        }
+
+        auto operator++() -> TokenStream & {
+            if( m_tokenBuffer.size() >= 2 ) {
+                m_tokenBuffer.erase( m_tokenBuffer.begin() );
+            } else {
+                if( it != itEnd )
+                    ++it;
+                loadBuffer();
+            }
+            return *this;
+        }
+    };
+
+    class ResultBase {
+    public:
+        enum Type {
+            Ok, LogicError, RuntimeError
+        };
+
+    protected:
+        ResultBase( Type type ) : m_type( type ) {}
+        virtual ~ResultBase() = default;
+
+        virtual void enforceOk() const = 0;
+
+        Type m_type;
+    };
+
+    template<typename T>
+    class ResultValueBase : public ResultBase {
+    public:
+        auto value() const -> T const & {
+            enforceOk();
+            return m_value;
+        }
+
+    protected:
+        ResultValueBase( Type type ) : ResultBase( type ) {}
+
+        ResultValueBase( ResultValueBase const &other ) : ResultBase( other ) {
+            if( m_type == ResultBase::Ok )
+                new( &m_value ) T( other.m_value );
+        }
+
+        ResultValueBase( Type, T const &value ) : ResultBase( Ok ) {
+            new( &m_value ) T( value );
+        }
+
+        auto operator=( ResultValueBase const &other ) -> ResultValueBase & {
+            if( m_type == ResultBase::Ok )
+                m_value.~T();
+            ResultBase::operator=(other);
+            if( m_type == ResultBase::Ok )
+                new( &m_value ) T( other.m_value );
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        ~ResultValueBase() override {
+            if( m_type == Ok )
+                m_value.~T();
+        }
+
+        union {
+            T m_value;
+        };
+    };
+
+    template<>
+    class ResultValueBase<void> : public ResultBase {
+    protected:
+        using ResultBase::ResultBase;
+    };
+
+    template<typename T = void>
+    class BasicResult : public ResultValueBase<T> {
+    public:
+        template<typename U>
+        explicit BasicResult( BasicResult<U> const &other )
+        :   ResultValueBase<T>( other.type() ),
+            m_errorMessage( other.errorMessage() )
+        {
+            assert( type() != ResultBase::Ok );
+        }
+
+        template<typename U>
+        static auto ok( U const &value ) -> BasicResult { return { ResultBase::Ok, value }; }
+        static auto ok() -> BasicResult { return { ResultBase::Ok }; }
+        static auto logicError( std::string const &message ) -> BasicResult { return { ResultBase::LogicError, message }; }
+        static auto runtimeError( std::string const &message ) -> BasicResult { return { ResultBase::RuntimeError, message }; }
+
+        explicit operator bool() const { return m_type == ResultBase::Ok; }
+        auto type() const -> ResultBase::Type { return m_type; }
+        auto errorMessage() const -> std::string { return m_errorMessage; }
+
+    protected:
+        void enforceOk() const override {
+
+            // Errors shouldn't reach this point, but if they do
+            // the actual error message will be in m_errorMessage
+            assert( m_type != ResultBase::LogicError );
+            assert( m_type != ResultBase::RuntimeError );
+            if( m_type != ResultBase::Ok )
+                std::abort();
+        }
+
+        std::string m_errorMessage; // Only populated if resultType is an error
+
+        BasicResult( ResultBase::Type type, std::string const &message )
+        :   ResultValueBase<T>(type),
+            m_errorMessage(message)
+        {
+            assert( m_type != ResultBase::Ok );
+        }
+
+        using ResultValueBase<T>::ResultValueBase;
+        using ResultBase::m_type;
+    };
+
+    enum class ParseResultType {
+        Matched, NoMatch, ShortCircuitAll, ShortCircuitSame
+    };
+
+    class ParseState {
+    public:
+
+        ParseState( ParseResultType type, TokenStream const &remainingTokens )
+        : m_type(type),
+          m_remainingTokens( remainingTokens )
+        {}
+
+        auto type() const -> ParseResultType { return m_type; }
+        auto remainingTokens() const -> TokenStream { return m_remainingTokens; }
+
+    private:
+        ParseResultType m_type;
+        TokenStream m_remainingTokens;
+    };
+
+    using Result = BasicResult<void>;
+    using ParserResult = BasicResult<ParseResultType>;
+    using InternalParseResult = BasicResult<ParseState>;
+
+    struct HelpColumns {
+        std::string left;
+        std::string right;
+    };
+
+    template<typename T>
+    inline auto convertInto( std::string const &source, T& target ) -> ParserResult {
+        std::stringstream ss;
+        ss << source;
+        ss >> target;
+        if( ss.fail() )
+            return ParserResult::runtimeError( "Unable to convert '" + source + "' to destination type" );
+        else
+            return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+    }
+    inline auto convertInto( std::string const &source, std::string& target ) -> ParserResult {
+        target = source;
+        return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+    }
+    inline auto convertInto( std::string const &source, bool &target ) -> ParserResult {
+        std::string srcLC = source;
+        std::transform( srcLC.begin(), srcLC.end(), srcLC.begin(), []( char c ) { return static_cast<char>( ::tolower(c) ); } );
+        if (srcLC == "y" || srcLC == "1" || srcLC == "true" || srcLC == "yes" || srcLC == "on")
+            target = true;
+        else if (srcLC == "n" || srcLC == "0" || srcLC == "false" || srcLC == "no" || srcLC == "off")
+            target = false;
+        else
+            return ParserResult::runtimeError( "Expected a boolean value but did not recognise: '" + source + "'" );
+        return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+    }
+#ifdef CLARA_CONFIG_OPTIONAL_TYPE
+    template<typename T>
+    inline auto convertInto( std::string const &source, CLARA_CONFIG_OPTIONAL_TYPE<T>& target ) -> ParserResult {
+        T temp;
+        auto result = convertInto( source, temp );
+        if( result )
+            target = std::move(temp);
+        return result;
+    }
+#endif // CLARA_CONFIG_OPTIONAL_TYPE
+
+    struct NonCopyable {
+        NonCopyable() = default;
+        NonCopyable( NonCopyable const & ) = delete;
+        NonCopyable( NonCopyable && ) = delete;
+        NonCopyable &operator=( NonCopyable const & ) = delete;
+        NonCopyable &operator=( NonCopyable && ) = delete;
+    };
+
+    struct BoundRef : NonCopyable {
+        virtual ~BoundRef() = default;
+        virtual auto isContainer() const -> bool { return false; }
+        virtual auto isFlag() const -> bool { return false; }
+    };
+    struct BoundValueRefBase : BoundRef {
+        virtual auto setValue( std::string const &arg ) -> ParserResult = 0;
+    };
+    struct BoundFlagRefBase : BoundRef {
+        virtual auto setFlag( bool flag ) -> ParserResult = 0;
+        virtual auto isFlag() const -> bool { return true; }
+    };
+
+    template<typename T>
+    struct BoundValueRef : BoundValueRefBase {
+        T &m_ref;
+
+        explicit BoundValueRef( T &ref ) : m_ref( ref ) {}
+
+        auto setValue( std::string const &arg ) -> ParserResult override {
+            return convertInto( arg, m_ref );
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<typename T>
+    struct BoundValueRef<std::vector<T>> : BoundValueRefBase {
+        std::vector<T> &m_ref;
+
+        explicit BoundValueRef( std::vector<T> &ref ) : m_ref( ref ) {}
+
+        auto isContainer() const -> bool override { return true; }
+
+        auto setValue( std::string const &arg ) -> ParserResult override {
+            T temp;
+            auto result = convertInto( arg, temp );
+            if( result )
+                m_ref.push_back( temp );
+            return result;
+        }
+    };
+
+    struct BoundFlagRef : BoundFlagRefBase {
+        bool &m_ref;
+
+        explicit BoundFlagRef( bool &ref ) : m_ref( ref ) {}
+
+        auto setFlag( bool flag ) -> ParserResult override {
+            m_ref = flag;
+            return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<typename ReturnType>
+    struct LambdaInvoker {
+        static_assert( std::is_same<ReturnType, ParserResult>::value, "Lambda must return void or clara::ParserResult" );
+
+        template<typename L, typename ArgType>
+        static auto invoke( L const &lambda, ArgType const &arg ) -> ParserResult {
+            return lambda( arg );
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<>
+    struct LambdaInvoker<void> {
+        template<typename L, typename ArgType>
+        static auto invoke( L const &lambda, ArgType const &arg ) -> ParserResult {
+            lambda( arg );
+            return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<typename ArgType, typename L>
+    inline auto invokeLambda( L const &lambda, std::string const &arg ) -> ParserResult {
+        ArgType temp{};
+        auto result = convertInto( arg, temp );
+        return !result
+           ? result
+           : LambdaInvoker<typename UnaryLambdaTraits<L>::ReturnType>::invoke( lambda, temp );
+    }
+
+    template<typename L>
+    struct BoundLambda : BoundValueRefBase {
+        L m_lambda;
+
+        static_assert( UnaryLambdaTraits<L>::isValid, "Supplied lambda must take exactly one argument" );
+        explicit BoundLambda( L const &lambda ) : m_lambda( lambda ) {}
+
+        auto setValue( std::string const &arg ) -> ParserResult override {
+            return invokeLambda<typename UnaryLambdaTraits<L>::ArgType>( m_lambda, arg );
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<typename L>
+    struct BoundFlagLambda : BoundFlagRefBase {
+        L m_lambda;
+
+        static_assert( UnaryLambdaTraits<L>::isValid, "Supplied lambda must take exactly one argument" );
+        static_assert( std::is_same<typename UnaryLambdaTraits<L>::ArgType, bool>::value, "flags must be boolean" );
+
+        explicit BoundFlagLambda( L const &lambda ) : m_lambda( lambda ) {}
+
+        auto setFlag( bool flag ) -> ParserResult override {
+            return LambdaInvoker<typename UnaryLambdaTraits<L>::ReturnType>::invoke( m_lambda, flag );
+        }
+    };
+
+    enum class Optionality { Optional, Required };
+
+    struct Parser;
+
+    class ParserBase {
+    public:
+        virtual ~ParserBase() = default;
+        virtual auto validate() const -> Result { return Result::ok(); }
+        virtual auto parse( std::string const& exeName, TokenStream const &tokens) const -> InternalParseResult  = 0;
+        virtual auto cardinality() const -> size_t { return 1; }
+
+        auto parse( Args const &args ) const -> InternalParseResult {
+            return parse( args.exeName(), TokenStream( args ) );
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<typename DerivedT>
+    class ComposableParserImpl : public ParserBase {
+    public:
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator|( T const &other ) const -> Parser;
+
+               template<typename T>
+        auto operator+( T const &other ) const -> Parser;
+    };
+
+    // Common code and state for Args and Opts
+    template<typename DerivedT>
+    class ParserRefImpl : public ComposableParserImpl<DerivedT> {
+    protected:
+        Optionality m_optionality = Optionality::Optional;
+        std::shared_ptr<BoundRef> m_ref;
+        std::string m_hint;
+        std::string m_description;
+
+        explicit ParserRefImpl( std::shared_ptr<BoundRef> const &ref ) : m_ref( ref ) {}
+
+    public:
+        template<typename T>
+        ParserRefImpl( T &ref, std::string const &hint )
+        :   m_ref( std::make_shared<BoundValueRef<T>>( ref ) ),
+            m_hint( hint )
+        {}
+
+        template<typename LambdaT>
+        ParserRefImpl( LambdaT const &ref, std::string const &hint )
+        :   m_ref( std::make_shared<BoundLambda<LambdaT>>( ref ) ),
+            m_hint(hint)
+        {}
+
+        auto operator()( std::string const &description ) -> DerivedT & {
+            m_description = description;
+            return static_cast<DerivedT &>( *this );
+        }
+
+        auto optional() -> DerivedT & {
+            m_optionality = Optionality::Optional;
+            return static_cast<DerivedT &>( *this );
+        };
+
+        auto required() -> DerivedT & {
+            m_optionality = Optionality::Required;
+            return static_cast<DerivedT &>( *this );
+        };
+
+        auto isOptional() const -> bool {
+            return m_optionality == Optionality::Optional;
+        }
+
+        auto cardinality() const -> size_t override {
+            if( m_ref->isContainer() )
+                return 0;
+            else
+                return 1;
+        }
+
+        auto hint() const -> std::string { return m_hint; }
+    };
+
+    class ExeName : public ComposableParserImpl<ExeName> {
+        std::shared_ptr<std::string> m_name;
+        std::shared_ptr<BoundValueRefBase> m_ref;
+
+        template<typename LambdaT>
+        static auto makeRef(LambdaT const &lambda) -> std::shared_ptr<BoundValueRefBase> {
+            return std::make_shared<BoundLambda<LambdaT>>( lambda) ;
+        }
+
+    public:
+        ExeName() : m_name( std::make_shared<std::string>( "<executable>" ) ) {}
+
+        explicit ExeName( std::string &ref ) : ExeName() {
+            m_ref = std::make_shared<BoundValueRef<std::string>>( ref );
+        }
+
+        template<typename LambdaT>
+        explicit ExeName( LambdaT const& lambda ) : ExeName() {
+            m_ref = std::make_shared<BoundLambda<LambdaT>>( lambda );
+        }
+
+        // The exe name is not parsed out of the normal tokens, but is handled specially
+        auto parse( std::string const&, TokenStream const &tokens ) const -> InternalParseResult override {
+            return InternalParseResult::ok( ParseState( ParseResultType::NoMatch, tokens ) );
+        }
+
+        auto name() const -> std::string { return *m_name; }
+        auto set( std::string const& newName ) -> ParserResult {
+
+            auto lastSlash = newName.find_last_of( "\\/" );
+            auto filename = ( lastSlash == std::string::npos )
+                    ? newName
+                    : newName.substr( lastSlash+1 );
+
+            *m_name = filename;
+            if( m_ref )
+                return m_ref->setValue( filename );
+            else
+                return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+        }
+    };
+
+    class Arg : public ParserRefImpl<Arg> {
+    public:
+        using ParserRefImpl::ParserRefImpl;
+
+        auto parse( std::string const &, TokenStream const &tokens ) const -> InternalParseResult override {
+            auto validationResult = validate();
+            if( !validationResult )
+                return InternalParseResult( validationResult );
+
+            auto remainingTokens = tokens;
+            auto const &token = *remainingTokens;
+            if( token.type != TokenType::Argument )
+                return InternalParseResult::ok( ParseState( ParseResultType::NoMatch, remainingTokens ) );
+
+            assert( !m_ref->isFlag() );
+            auto valueRef = static_cast<detail::BoundValueRefBase*>( m_ref.get() );
+
+            auto result = valueRef->setValue( remainingTokens->token );
+            if( !result )
+                return InternalParseResult( result );
+            else
+                return InternalParseResult::ok( ParseState( ParseResultType::Matched, ++remainingTokens ) );
+        }
+    };
+
+    inline auto normaliseOpt( std::string const &optName ) -> std::string {
+#ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
+        if( optName[0] == '/' )
+            return "-" + optName.substr( 1 );
+        else
+#endif
+            return optName;
+    }
+
+    class Opt : public ParserRefImpl<Opt> {
+    protected:
+        std::vector<std::string> m_optNames;
+
+    public:
+        template<typename LambdaT>
+        explicit Opt( LambdaT const &ref ) : ParserRefImpl( std::make_shared<BoundFlagLambda<LambdaT>>( ref ) ) {}
+
+        explicit Opt( bool &ref ) : ParserRefImpl( std::make_shared<BoundFlagRef>( ref ) ) {}
+
+        template<typename LambdaT>
+        Opt( LambdaT const &ref, std::string const &hint ) : ParserRefImpl( ref, hint ) {}
+
+        template<typename T>
+        Opt( T &ref, std::string const &hint ) : ParserRefImpl( ref, hint ) {}
+
+        auto operator[]( std::string const &optName ) -> Opt & {
+            m_optNames.push_back( optName );
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        auto getHelpColumns() const -> std::vector<HelpColumns> {
+            std::ostringstream oss;
+            bool first = true;
+            for( auto const &opt : m_optNames ) {
+                if (first)
+                    first = false;
+                else
+                    oss << ", ";
+                oss << opt;
+            }
+            if( !m_hint.empty() )
+                oss << " <" << m_hint << ">";
+            return { { oss.str(), m_description } };
+        }
+
+        auto isMatch( std::string const &optToken ) const -> bool {
+            auto normalisedToken = normaliseOpt( optToken );
+            for( auto const &name : m_optNames ) {
+                if( normaliseOpt( name ) == normalisedToken )
+                    return true;
+            }
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        using ParserBase::parse;
+
+        auto parse( std::string const&, TokenStream const &tokens ) const -> InternalParseResult override {
+            auto validationResult = validate();
+            if( !validationResult )
+                return InternalParseResult( validationResult );
+
+            auto remainingTokens = tokens;
+            if( remainingTokens && remainingTokens->type == TokenType::Option ) {
+                auto const &token = *remainingTokens;
+                if( isMatch(token.token ) ) {
+                    if( m_ref->isFlag() ) {
+                        auto flagRef = static_cast<detail::BoundFlagRefBase*>( m_ref.get() );
+                        auto result = flagRef->setFlag( true );
+                        if( !result )
+                            return InternalParseResult( result );
+                        if( result.value() == ParseResultType::ShortCircuitAll )
+                            return InternalParseResult::ok( ParseState( result.value(), remainingTokens ) );
+                    } else {
+                        auto valueRef = static_cast<detail::BoundValueRefBase*>( m_ref.get() );
+                        ++remainingTokens;
+                        if( !remainingTokens )
+                            return InternalParseResult::runtimeError( "Expected argument following " + token.token );
+                        auto const &argToken = *remainingTokens;
+                        if( argToken.type != TokenType::Argument )
+                            return InternalParseResult::runtimeError( "Expected argument following " + token.token );
+                        auto result = valueRef->setValue( argToken.token );
+                        if( !result )
+                            return InternalParseResult( result );
+                        if( result.value() == ParseResultType::ShortCircuitAll )
+                            return InternalParseResult::ok( ParseState( result.value(), remainingTokens ) );
+                    }
+                    return InternalParseResult::ok( ParseState( ParseResultType::Matched, ++remainingTokens ) );
+                }
+            }
+            return InternalParseResult::ok( ParseState( ParseResultType::NoMatch, remainingTokens ) );
+        }
+
+        auto validate() const -> Result override {
+            if( m_optNames.empty() )
+                return Result::logicError( "No options supplied to Opt" );
+            for( auto const &name : m_optNames ) {
+                if( name.empty() )
+                    return Result::logicError( "Option name cannot be empty" );
+#ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
+                if( name[0] != '-' && name[0] != '/' )
+                    return Result::logicError( "Option name must begin with '-' or '/'" );
+#else
+                if( name[0] != '-' )
+                    return Result::logicError( "Option name must begin with '-'" );
+#endif
+            }
+            return ParserRefImpl::validate();
+        }
+    };
+
+    struct Help : Opt {
+        Help( bool &showHelpFlag )
+        :   Opt([&]( bool flag ) {
+                showHelpFlag = flag;
+                return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::ShortCircuitAll );
+            })
+        {
+            static_cast<Opt &>( *this )
+                    ("display usage information")
+                    ["-?"]["-h"]["--help"]
+                    .optional();
+        }
+    };
+
+    struct Parser : ParserBase {
+
+        mutable ExeName m_exeName;
+        std::vector<Opt> m_options;
+        std::vector<Arg> m_args;
+
+        auto operator|=( ExeName const &exeName ) -> Parser & {
+            m_exeName = exeName;
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        auto operator|=( Arg const &arg ) -> Parser & {
+            m_args.push_back(arg);
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        auto operator|=( Opt const &opt ) -> Parser & {
+            m_options.push_back(opt);
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        auto operator|=( Parser const &other ) -> Parser & {
+            m_options.insert(m_options.end(), other.m_options.begin(), other.m_options.end());
+            m_args.insert(m_args.end(), other.m_args.begin(), other.m_args.end());
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator|( T const &other ) const -> Parser {
+            return Parser( *this ) |= other;
+        }
+
+        // Forward deprecated interface with '+' instead of '|'
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator+=( T const &other ) -> Parser & { return operator|=( other ); }
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator+( T const &other ) const -> Parser { return operator|( other ); }
+
+        auto getHelpColumns() const -> std::vector<HelpColumns> {
+            std::vector<HelpColumns> cols;
+            for (auto const &o : m_options) {
+                auto childCols = o.getHelpColumns();
+                cols.insert( cols.end(), childCols.begin(), childCols.end() );
+            }
+            return cols;
+        }
+
+        void writeToStream( std::ostream &os ) const {
+            if (!m_exeName.name().empty()) {
+                os << "usage:\n" << "  " << m_exeName.name() << " ";
+                bool required = true, first = true;
+                for( auto const &arg : m_args ) {
+                    if (first)
+                        first = false;
+                    else
+                        os << " ";
+                    if( arg.isOptional() && required ) {
+                        os << "[";
+                        required = false;
+                    }
+                    os << "<" << arg.hint() << ">";
+                    if( arg.cardinality() == 0 )
+                        os << " ... ";
+                }
+                if( !required )
+                    os << "]";
+                if( !m_options.empty() )
+                    os << " options";
+                os << "\n\nwhere options are:" << std::endl;
+            }
+
+            auto rows = getHelpColumns();
+            size_t consoleWidth = CATCH_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH;
+            size_t optWidth = 0;
+            for( auto const &cols : rows )
+                optWidth = (std::max)(optWidth, cols.left.size() + 2);
+
+            optWidth = (std::min)(optWidth, consoleWidth/2);
+
+            for( auto const &cols : rows ) {
+                auto row =
+                        TextFlow::Column( cols.left ).width( optWidth ).indent( 2 ) +
+                        TextFlow::Spacer(4) +
+                        TextFlow::Column( cols.right ).width( consoleWidth - 7 - optWidth );
+                os << row << std::endl;
+            }
+        }
+
+        friend auto operator<<( std::ostream &os, Parser const &parser ) -> std::ostream& {
+            parser.writeToStream( os );
+            return os;
+        }
+
+        auto validate() const -> Result override {
+            for( auto const &opt : m_options ) {
+                auto result = opt.validate();
+                if( !result )
+                    return result;
+            }
+            for( auto const &arg : m_args ) {
+                auto result = arg.validate();
+                if( !result )
+                    return result;
+            }
+            return Result::ok();
+        }
+
+        using ParserBase::parse;
+
+        auto parse( std::string const& exeName, TokenStream const &tokens ) const -> InternalParseResult override {
+
+            struct ParserInfo {
+                ParserBase const* parser = nullptr;
+                size_t count = 0;
+            };
+            const size_t totalParsers = m_options.size() + m_args.size();
+            assert( totalParsers < 512 );
+            // ParserInfo parseInfos[totalParsers]; // <-- this is what we really want to do
+            ParserInfo parseInfos[512];
+
+            {
+                size_t i = 0;
+                for (auto const &opt : m_options) parseInfos[i++].parser = &opt;
+                for (auto const &arg : m_args) parseInfos[i++].parser = &arg;
+            }
+
+            m_exeName.set( exeName );
+
+            auto result = InternalParseResult::ok( ParseState( ParseResultType::NoMatch, tokens ) );
+            while( result.value().remainingTokens() ) {
+                bool tokenParsed = false;
+
+                for( size_t i = 0; i < totalParsers; ++i ) {
+                    auto&  parseInfo = parseInfos[i];
+                    if( parseInfo.parser->cardinality() == 0 || parseInfo.count < parseInfo.parser->cardinality() ) {
+                        result = parseInfo.parser->parse(exeName, result.value().remainingTokens());
+                        if (!result)
+                            return result;
+                        if (result.value().type() != ParseResultType::NoMatch) {
+                            tokenParsed = true;
+                            ++parseInfo.count;
+                            break;
+                        }
+                    }
+                }
+
+                if( result.value().type() == ParseResultType::ShortCircuitAll )
+                    return result;
+                if( !tokenParsed )
+                    return InternalParseResult::runtimeError( "Unrecognised token: " + result.value().remainingTokens()->token );
+            }
+            // !TBD Check missing required options
+            return result;
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<typename DerivedT>
+    template<typename T>
+    auto ComposableParserImpl<DerivedT>::operator|( T const &other ) const -> Parser {
+        return Parser() | static_cast<DerivedT const &>( *this ) | other;
+    }
+} // namespace detail
+
+// A Combined parser
+using detail::Parser;
+
+// A parser for options
+using detail::Opt;
+
+// A parser for arguments
+using detail::Arg;
+
+// Wrapper for argc, argv from main()
+using detail::Args;
+
+// Specifies the name of the executable
+using detail::ExeName;
+
+// Convenience wrapper for option parser that specifies the help option
+using detail::Help;
+
+// enum of result types from a parse
+using detail::ParseResultType;
+
+// Result type for parser operation
+using detail::ParserResult;
+
+}} // namespace Catch::clara
+
+// end clara.hpp
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic pop
+#endif
+
+// Restore Clara's value for console width, if present
+#ifdef CATCH_TEMP_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#define CATCH_CLARA_TEXTFLOW_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH CATCH_TEMP_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#undef CATCH_TEMP_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#endif
+
+// end catch_clara.h
+namespace Catch {
+
+    clara::Parser makeCommandLineParser( ConfigData& config );
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_commandline.h
+#include <fstream>
+#include <ctime>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    clara::Parser makeCommandLineParser( ConfigData& config ) {
+
+        using namespace clara;
+
+        auto const setWarning = [&]( std::string const& warning ) {
+                auto warningSet = [&]() {
+                    if( warning == "NoAssertions" )
+                        return WarnAbout::NoAssertions;
+
+                    if ( warning == "NoTests" )
+                        return WarnAbout::NoTests;
+
+                    return WarnAbout::Nothing;
+                }();
+
+                if (warningSet == WarnAbout::Nothing)
+                    return ParserResult::runtimeError( "Unrecognised warning: '" + warning + "'" );
+                config.warnings = static_cast<WarnAbout::What>( config.warnings | warningSet );
+                return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+            };
+        auto const loadTestNamesFromFile = [&]( std::string const& filename ) {
+                std::ifstream f( filename.c_str() );
+                if( !f.is_open() )
+                    return ParserResult::runtimeError( "Unable to load input file: '" + filename + "'" );
+
+                std::string line;
+                while( std::getline( f, line ) ) {
+                    line = trim(line);
+                    if( !line.empty() && !startsWith( line, '#' ) ) {
+                        if( !startsWith( line, '"' ) )
+                            line = '"' + line + '"';
+                        config.testsOrTags.push_back( line + ',' );
+                    }
+                }
+                return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+            };
+        auto const setTestOrder = [&]( std::string const& order ) {
+                if( startsWith( "declared", order ) )
+                    config.runOrder = RunTests::InDeclarationOrder;
+                else if( startsWith( "lexical", order ) )
+                    config.runOrder = RunTests::InLexicographicalOrder;
+                else if( startsWith( "random", order ) )
+                    config.runOrder = RunTests::InRandomOrder;
+                else
+                    return clara::ParserResult::runtimeError( "Unrecognised ordering: '" + order + "'" );
+                return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+            };
+        auto const setRngSeed = [&]( std::string const& seed ) {
+                if( seed != "time" )
+                    return clara::detail::convertInto( seed, config.rngSeed );
+                config.rngSeed = static_cast<unsigned int>( std::time(nullptr) );
+                return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+            };
+        auto const setColourUsage = [&]( std::string const& useColour ) {
+                    auto mode = toLower( useColour );
+
+                    if( mode == "yes" )
+                        config.useColour = UseColour::Yes;
+                    else if( mode == "no" )
+                        config.useColour = UseColour::No;
+                    else if( mode == "auto" )
+                        config.useColour = UseColour::Auto;
+                    else
+                        return ParserResult::runtimeError( "colour mode must be one of: auto, yes or no. '" + useColour + "' not recognised" );
+                return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+            };
+        auto const setWaitForKeypress = [&]( std::string const& keypress ) {
+                auto keypressLc = toLower( keypress );
+                if( keypressLc == "start" )
+                    config.waitForKeypress = WaitForKeypress::BeforeStart;
+                else if( keypressLc == "exit" )
+                    config.waitForKeypress = WaitForKeypress::BeforeExit;
+                else if( keypressLc == "both" )
+                    config.waitForKeypress = WaitForKeypress::BeforeStartAndExit;
+                else
+                    return ParserResult::runtimeError( "keypress argument must be one of: start, exit or both. '" + keypress + "' not recognised" );
+            return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+            };
+        auto const setVerbosity = [&]( std::string const& verbosity ) {
+            auto lcVerbosity = toLower( verbosity );
+            if( lcVerbosity == "quiet" )
+                config.verbosity = Verbosity::Quiet;
+            else if( lcVerbosity == "normal" )
+                config.verbosity = Verbosity::Normal;
+            else if( lcVerbosity == "high" )
+                config.verbosity = Verbosity::High;
+            else
+                return ParserResult::runtimeError( "Unrecognised verbosity, '" + verbosity + "'" );
+            return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+        };
+        auto const setReporter = [&]( std::string const& reporter ) {
+            IReporterRegistry::FactoryMap const& factories = getRegistryHub().getReporterRegistry().getFactories();
+
+            auto lcReporter = toLower( reporter );
+            auto result = factories.find( lcReporter );
+
+            if( factories.end() != result )
+                config.reporterName = lcReporter;
+            else
+                return ParserResult::runtimeError( "Unrecognized reporter, '" + reporter + "'. Check available with --list-reporters" );
+            return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+        };
+
+        auto cli
+            = ExeName( config.processName )
+            | Help( config.showHelp )
+            | Opt( config.listTests )
+                ["-l"]["--list-tests"]
+                ( "list all/matching test cases" )
+            | Opt( config.listTags )
+                ["-t"]["--list-tags"]
+                ( "list all/matching tags" )
+            | Opt( config.showSuccessfulTests )
+                ["-s"]["--success"]
+                ( "include successful tests in output" )
+            | Opt( config.shouldDebugBreak )
+                ["-b"]["--break"]
+                ( "break into debugger on failure" )
+            | Opt( config.noThrow )
+                ["-e"]["--nothrow"]
+                ( "skip exception tests" )
+            | Opt( config.showInvisibles )
+                ["-i"]["--invisibles"]
+                ( "show invisibles (tabs, newlines)" )
+            | Opt( config.outputFilename, "filename" )
+                ["-o"]["--out"]
+                ( "output filename" )
+            | Opt( setReporter, "name" )
+                ["-r"]["--reporter"]
+                ( "reporter to use (defaults to console)" )
+            | Opt( config.name, "name" )
+                ["-n"]["--name"]
+                ( "suite name" )
+            | Opt( [&]( bool ){ config.abortAfter = 1; } )
+                ["-a"]["--abort"]
+                ( "abort at first failure" )
+            | Opt( [&]( int x ){ config.abortAfter = x; }, "no. failures" )
+                ["-x"]["--abortx"]
+                ( "abort after x failures" )
+            | Opt( setWarning, "warning name" )
+                ["-w"]["--warn"]
+                ( "enable warnings" )
+            | Opt( [&]( bool flag ) { config.showDurations = flag ? ShowDurations::Always : ShowDurations::Never; }, "yes|no" )
+                ["-d"]["--durations"]
+                ( "show test durations" )
+            | Opt( loadTestNamesFromFile, "filename" )
+                ["-f"]["--input-file"]
+                ( "load test names to run from a file" )
+            | Opt( config.filenamesAsTags )
+                ["-#"]["--filenames-as-tags"]
+                ( "adds a tag for the filename" )
+            | Opt( config.sectionsToRun, "section name" )
+                ["-c"]["--section"]
+                ( "specify section to run" )
+            | Opt( setVerbosity, "quiet|normal|high" )
+                ["-v"]["--verbosity"]
+                ( "set output verbosity" )
+            | Opt( config.listTestNamesOnly )
+                ["--list-test-names-only"]
+                ( "list all/matching test cases names only" )
+            | Opt( config.listReporters )
+                ["--list-reporters"]
+                ( "list all reporters" )
+            | Opt( setTestOrder, "decl|lex|rand" )
+                ["--order"]
+                ( "test case order (defaults to decl)" )
+            | Opt( setRngSeed, "'time'|number" )
+                ["--rng-seed"]
+                ( "set a specific seed for random numbers" )
+            | Opt( setColourUsage, "yes|no" )
+                ["--use-colour"]
+                ( "should output be colourised" )
+            | Opt( config.libIdentify )
+                ["--libidentify"]
+                ( "report name and version according to libidentify standard" )
+            | Opt( setWaitForKeypress, "start|exit|both" )
+                ["--wait-for-keypress"]
+                ( "waits for a keypress before exiting" )
+            | Opt( config.benchmarkResolutionMultiple, "multiplier" )
+                ["--benchmark-resolution-multiple"]
+                ( "multiple of clock resolution to run benchmarks" )
+
+            | Arg( config.testsOrTags, "test name|pattern|tags" )
+                ( "which test or tests to use" );
+
+        return cli;
+    }
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_commandline.cpp
+// start catch_common.cpp
+
+#include <cstring>
+#include <ostream>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    bool SourceLineInfo::empty() const noexcept {
+        return file[0] == '\0';
+    }
+    bool SourceLineInfo::operator == ( SourceLineInfo const& other ) const noexcept {
+        return line == other.line && (file == other.file || std::strcmp(file, other.file) == 0);
+    }
+    bool SourceLineInfo::operator < ( SourceLineInfo const& other ) const noexcept {
+        // We can assume that the same file will usually have the same pointer.
+        // Thus, if the pointers are the same, there is no point in calling the strcmp
+        return line < other.line || ( line == other.line && file != other.file && (std::strcmp(file, other.file) < 0));
+    }
+
+    std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, SourceLineInfo const& info ) {
+#ifndef __GNUG__
+        os << info.file << '(' << info.line << ')';
+#else
+        os << info.file << ':' << info.line;
+#endif
+        return os;
+    }
+
+    std::string StreamEndStop::operator+() const {
+        return std::string();
+    }
+
+    NonCopyable::NonCopyable() = default;
+    NonCopyable::~NonCopyable() = default;
+
+}
+// end catch_common.cpp
+// start catch_config.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    Config::Config( ConfigData const& data )
+    :   m_data( data ),
+        m_stream( openStream() )
+    {
+        TestSpecParser parser(ITagAliasRegistry::get());
+        if (data.testsOrTags.empty()) {
+            parser.parse("~[.]"); // All not hidden tests
+        }
+        else {
+            m_hasTestFilters = true;
+            for( auto const& testOrTags : data.testsOrTags )
+                parser.parse( testOrTags );
+        }
+        m_testSpec = parser.testSpec();
+    }
+
+    std::string const& Config::getFilename() const {
+        return m_data.outputFilename ;
+    }
+
+    bool Config::listTests() const          { return m_data.listTests; }
+    bool Config::listTestNamesOnly() const  { return m_data.listTestNamesOnly; }
+    bool Config::listTags() const           { return m_data.listTags; }
+    bool Config::listReporters() const      { return m_data.listReporters; }
+
+    std::string Config::getProcessName() const { return m_data.processName; }
+    std::string const& Config::getReporterName() const { return m_data.reporterName; }
+
+    std::vector<std::string> const& Config::getTestsOrTags() const { return m_data.testsOrTags; }
+    std::vector<std::string> const& Config::getSectionsToRun() const { return m_data.sectionsToRun; }
+
+    TestSpec const& Config::testSpec() const { return m_testSpec; }
+    bool Config::hasTestFilters() const { return m_hasTestFilters; }
+
+    bool Config::showHelp() const { return m_data.showHelp; }
+
+    // IConfig interface
+    bool Config::allowThrows() const                   { return !m_data.noThrow; }
+    std::ostream& Config::stream() const               { return m_stream->stream(); }
+    std::string Config::name() const                   { return m_data.name.empty() ? m_data.processName : m_data.name; }
+    bool Config::includeSuccessfulResults() const      { return m_data.showSuccessfulTests; }
+    bool Config::warnAboutMissingAssertions() const    { return !!(m_data.warnings & WarnAbout::NoAssertions); }
+    bool Config::warnAboutNoTests() const              { return !!(m_data.warnings & WarnAbout::NoTests); }
+    ShowDurations::OrNot Config::showDurations() const { return m_data.showDurations; }
+    RunTests::InWhatOrder Config::runOrder() const     { return m_data.runOrder; }
+    unsigned int Config::rngSeed() const               { return m_data.rngSeed; }
+    int Config::benchmarkResolutionMultiple() const    { return m_data.benchmarkResolutionMultiple; }
+    UseColour::YesOrNo Config::useColour() const       { return m_data.useColour; }
+    bool Config::shouldDebugBreak() const              { return m_data.shouldDebugBreak; }
+    int Config::abortAfter() const                     { return m_data.abortAfter; }
+    bool Config::showInvisibles() const                { return m_data.showInvisibles; }
+    Verbosity Config::verbosity() const                { return m_data.verbosity; }
+
+    IStream const* Config::openStream() {
+        return Catch::makeStream(m_data.outputFilename);
+    }
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_config.cpp
+// start catch_console_colour.cpp
+
+#if defined(__clang__)
+#    pragma clang diagnostic push
+#    pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wexit-time-destructors"
+#endif
+
+// start catch_errno_guard.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class ErrnoGuard {
+    public:
+        ErrnoGuard();
+        ~ErrnoGuard();
+    private:
+        int m_oldErrno;
+    };
+
+}
+
+// end catch_errno_guard.h
+#include <sstream>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace {
+
+        struct IColourImpl {
+            virtual ~IColourImpl() = default;
+            virtual void use( Colour::Code _colourCode ) = 0;
+        };
+
+        struct NoColourImpl : IColourImpl {
+            void use( Colour::Code ) {}
+
+            static IColourImpl* instance() {
+                static NoColourImpl s_instance;
+                return &s_instance;
+            }
+        };
+
+    } // anon namespace
+} // namespace Catch
+
+#if !defined( CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_NONE ) && !defined( CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_WINDOWS ) && !defined( CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_ANSI )
+#   ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
+#       define CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_WINDOWS
+#   else
+#       define CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_ANSI
+#   endif
+#endif
+
+#if defined ( CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_WINDOWS ) /////////////////////////////////////////
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace {
+
+    class Win32ColourImpl : public IColourImpl {
+    public:
+        Win32ColourImpl() : stdoutHandle( GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE) )
+        {
+            CONSOLE_SCREEN_BUFFER_INFO csbiInfo;
+            GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo( stdoutHandle, &csbiInfo );
+            originalForegroundAttributes = csbiInfo.wAttributes & ~( BACKGROUND_GREEN | BACKGROUND_RED | BACKGROUND_BLUE | BACKGROUND_INTENSITY );
+            originalBackgroundAttributes = csbiInfo.wAttributes & ~( FOREGROUND_GREEN | FOREGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_BLUE | FOREGROUND_INTENSITY );
+        }
+
+        virtual void use( Colour::Code _colourCode ) override {
+            switch( _colourCode ) {
+                case Colour::None:      return setTextAttribute( originalForegroundAttributes );
+                case Colour::White:     return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_GREEN | FOREGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_BLUE );
+                case Colour::Red:       return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_RED );
+                case Colour::Green:     return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_GREEN );
+                case Colour::Blue:      return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_BLUE );
+                case Colour::Cyan:      return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_BLUE | FOREGROUND_GREEN );
+                case Colour::Yellow:    return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_GREEN );
+                case Colour::Grey:      return setTextAttribute( 0 );
+
+                case Colour::LightGrey:     return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_INTENSITY );
+                case Colour::BrightRed:     return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_INTENSITY | FOREGROUND_RED );
+                case Colour::BrightGreen:   return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_INTENSITY | FOREGROUND_GREEN );
+                case Colour::BrightWhite:   return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_INTENSITY | FOREGROUND_GREEN | FOREGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_BLUE );
+                case Colour::BrightYellow:  return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_INTENSITY | FOREGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_GREEN );
+
+                case Colour::Bright: CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR( "not a colour" );
+
+                default:
+                    CATCH_ERROR( "Unknown colour requested" );
+            }
+        }
+
+    private:
+        void setTextAttribute( WORD _textAttribute ) {
+            SetConsoleTextAttribute( stdoutHandle, _textAttribute | originalBackgroundAttributes );
+        }
+        HANDLE stdoutHandle;
+        WORD originalForegroundAttributes;
+        WORD originalBackgroundAttributes;
+    };
+
+    IColourImpl* platformColourInstance() {
+        static Win32ColourImpl s_instance;
+
+        IConfigPtr config = getCurrentContext().getConfig();
+        UseColour::YesOrNo colourMode = config
+            ? config->useColour()
+            : UseColour::Auto;
+        if( colourMode == UseColour::Auto )
+            colourMode = UseColour::Yes;
+        return colourMode == UseColour::Yes
+            ? &s_instance
+            : NoColourImpl::instance();
+    }
+
+} // end anon namespace
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+#elif defined( CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_ANSI ) //////////////////////////////////////
+
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace {
+
+    // use POSIX/ ANSI console terminal codes
+    // Thanks to Adam Strzelecki for original contribution
+    // (http://github.com/nanoant)
+    // https://github.com/philsquared/Catch/pull/131
+    class PosixColourImpl : public IColourImpl {
+    public:
+        virtual void use( Colour::Code _colourCode ) override {
+            switch( _colourCode ) {
+                case Colour::None:
+                case Colour::White:     return setColour( "[0m" );
+                case Colour::Red:       return setColour( "[0;31m" );
+                case Colour::Green:     return setColour( "[0;32m" );
+                case Colour::Blue:      return setColour( "[0;34m" );
+                case Colour::Cyan:      return setColour( "[0;36m" );
+                case Colour::Yellow:    return setColour( "[0;33m" );
+                case Colour::Grey:      return setColour( "[1;30m" );
+
+                case Colour::LightGrey:     return setColour( "[0;37m" );
+                case Colour::BrightRed:     return setColour( "[1;31m" );
+                case Colour::BrightGreen:   return setColour( "[1;32m" );
+                case Colour::BrightWhite:   return setColour( "[1;37m" );
+                case Colour::BrightYellow:  return setColour( "[1;33m" );
+
+                case Colour::Bright: CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR( "not a colour" );
+                default: CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR( "Unknown colour requested" );
+            }
+        }
+        static IColourImpl* instance() {
+            static PosixColourImpl s_instance;
+            return &s_instance;
+        }
+
+    private:
+        void setColour( const char* _escapeCode ) {
+            Catch::cout() << '\033' << _escapeCode;
+        }
+    };
+
+    bool useColourOnPlatform() {
+        return
+#ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_MAC
+            !isDebuggerActive() &&
+#endif
+#if !(defined(__DJGPP__) && defined(__STRICT_ANSI__))
+            isatty(STDOUT_FILENO)
+#else
+            false
+#endif
+            ;
+    }
+    IColourImpl* platformColourInstance() {
+        ErrnoGuard guard;
+        IConfigPtr config = getCurrentContext().getConfig();
+        UseColour::YesOrNo colourMode = config
+            ? config->useColour()
+            : UseColour::Auto;
+        if( colourMode == UseColour::Auto )
+            colourMode = useColourOnPlatform()
+                ? UseColour::Yes
+                : UseColour::No;
+        return colourMode == UseColour::Yes
+            ? PosixColourImpl::instance()
+            : NoColourImpl::instance();
+    }
+
+} // end anon namespace
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+#else  // not Windows or ANSI ///////////////////////////////////////////////
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    static IColourImpl* platformColourInstance() { return NoColourImpl::instance(); }
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+#endif // Windows/ ANSI/ None
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    Colour::Colour( Code _colourCode ) { use( _colourCode ); }
+    Colour::Colour( Colour&& rhs ) noexcept {
+        m_moved = rhs.m_moved;
+        rhs.m_moved = true;
+    }
+    Colour& Colour::operator=( Colour&& rhs ) noexcept {
+        m_moved = rhs.m_moved;
+        rhs.m_moved  = true;
+        return *this;
+    }
+
+    Colour::~Colour(){ if( !m_moved ) use( None ); }
+
+    void Colour::use( Code _colourCode ) {
+        static IColourImpl* impl = platformColourInstance();
+        impl->use( _colourCode );
+    }
+
+    std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, Colour const& ) {
+        return os;
+    }
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+#if defined(__clang__)
+#    pragma clang diagnostic pop
+#endif
+
+// end catch_console_colour.cpp
+// start catch_context.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class Context : public IMutableContext, NonCopyable {
+
+    public: // IContext
+        virtual IResultCapture* getResultCapture() override {
+            return m_resultCapture;
+        }
+        virtual IRunner* getRunner() override {
+            return m_runner;
+        }
+
+        virtual IConfigPtr const& getConfig() const override {
+            return m_config;
+        }
+
+        virtual ~Context() override;
+
+    public: // IMutableContext
+        virtual void setResultCapture( IResultCapture* resultCapture ) override {
+            m_resultCapture = resultCapture;
+        }
+        virtual void setRunner( IRunner* runner ) override {
+            m_runner = runner;
+        }
+        virtual void setConfig( IConfigPtr const& config ) override {
+            m_config = config;
+        }
+
+        friend IMutableContext& getCurrentMutableContext();
+
+    private:
+        IConfigPtr m_config;
+        IRunner* m_runner = nullptr;
+        IResultCapture* m_resultCapture = nullptr;
+    };
+
+    IMutableContext *IMutableContext::currentContext = nullptr;
+
+    void IMutableContext::createContext()
+    {
+        currentContext = new Context();
+    }
+
+    void cleanUpContext() {
+        delete IMutableContext::currentContext;
+        IMutableContext::currentContext = nullptr;
+    }
+    IContext::~IContext() = default;
+    IMutableContext::~IMutableContext() = default;
+    Context::~Context() = default;
+}
+// end catch_context.cpp
+// start catch_debug_console.cpp
+
+// start catch_debug_console.h
+
+#include <string>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    void writeToDebugConsole( std::string const& text );
+}
+
+// end catch_debug_console.h
+#ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
+
+    namespace Catch {
+        void writeToDebugConsole( std::string const& text ) {
+            ::OutputDebugStringA( text.c_str() );
+        }
+    }
+
+#else
+
+    namespace Catch {
+        void writeToDebugConsole( std::string const& text ) {
+            // !TBD: Need a version for Mac/ XCode and other IDEs
+            Catch::cout() << text;
+        }
+    }
+
+#endif // Platform
+// end catch_debug_console.cpp
+// start catch_debugger.cpp
+
+#ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_MAC
+
+#  include <assert.h>
+#  include <stdbool.h>
+#  include <sys/types.h>
+#  include <unistd.h>
+#  include <sys/sysctl.h>
+#  include <cstddef>
+#  include <ostream>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+        // The following function is taken directly from the following technical note:
+        // http://developer.apple.com/library/mac/#qa/qa2004/qa1361.html
+
+        // Returns true if the current process is being debugged (either
+        // running under the debugger or has a debugger attached post facto).
+        bool isDebuggerActive(){
+
+            int                 mib[4];
+            struct kinfo_proc   info;
+            std::size_t         size;
+
+            // Initialize the flags so that, if sysctl fails for some bizarre
+            // reason, we get a predictable result.
+
+            info.kp_proc.p_flag = 0;
+
+            // Initialize mib, which tells sysctl the info we want, in this case
+            // we're looking for information about a specific process ID.
+
+            mib[0] = CTL_KERN;
+            mib[1] = KERN_PROC;
+            mib[2] = KERN_PROC_PID;
+            mib[3] = getpid();
+
+            // Call sysctl.
+
+            size = sizeof(info);
+            if( sysctl(mib, sizeof(mib) / sizeof(*mib), &info, &size, nullptr, 0) != 0 ) {
+                Catch::cerr() << "\n** Call to sysctl failed - unable to determine if debugger is active **\n" << std::endl;
+                return false;
+            }
+
+            // We're being debugged if the P_TRACED flag is set.
+
+            return ( (info.kp_proc.p_flag & P_TRACED) != 0 );
+        }
+    } // namespace Catch
+
+#elif defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_LINUX)
+    #include <fstream>
+    #include <string>
+
+    namespace Catch{
+        // The standard POSIX way of detecting a debugger is to attempt to
+        // ptrace() the process, but this needs to be done from a child and not
+        // this process itself to still allow attaching to this process later
+        // if wanted, so is rather heavy. Under Linux we have the PID of the
+        // "debugger" (which doesn't need to be gdb, of course, it could also
+        // be strace, for example) in /proc/$PID/status, so just get it from
+        // there instead.
+        bool isDebuggerActive(){
+            // Libstdc++ has a bug, where std::ifstream sets errno to 0
+            // This way our users can properly assert over errno values
+            ErrnoGuard guard;
+            std::ifstream in("/proc/self/status");
+            for( std::string line; std::getline(in, line); ) {
+                static const int PREFIX_LEN = 11;
+                if( line.compare(0, PREFIX_LEN, "TracerPid:\t") == 0 ) {
+                    // We're traced if the PID is not 0 and no other PID starts
+                    // with 0 digit, so it's enough to check for just a single
+                    // character.
+                    return line.length() > PREFIX_LEN && line[PREFIX_LEN] != '0';
+                }
+            }
+
+            return false;
+        }
+    } // namespace Catch
+#elif defined(_MSC_VER)
+    extern "C" __declspec(dllimport) int __stdcall IsDebuggerPresent();
+    namespace Catch {
+        bool isDebuggerActive() {
+            return IsDebuggerPresent() != 0;
+        }
+    }
+#elif defined(__MINGW32__)
+    extern "C" __declspec(dllimport) int __stdcall IsDebuggerPresent();
+    namespace Catch {
+        bool isDebuggerActive() {
+            return IsDebuggerPresent() != 0;
+        }
+    }
+#else
+    namespace Catch {
+       bool isDebuggerActive() { return false; }
+    }
+#endif // Platform
+// end catch_debugger.cpp
+// start catch_decomposer.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    ITransientExpression::~ITransientExpression() = default;
+
+    void formatReconstructedExpression( std::ostream &os, std::string const& lhs, StringRef op, std::string const& rhs ) {
+        if( lhs.size() + rhs.size() < 40 &&
+                lhs.find('\n') == std::string::npos &&
+                rhs.find('\n') == std::string::npos )
+            os << lhs << " " << op << " " << rhs;
+        else
+            os << lhs << "\n" << op << "\n" << rhs;
+    }
+}
+// end catch_decomposer.cpp
+// start catch_enforce.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS_CUSTOM_HANDLER)
+    [[noreturn]]
+    void throw_exception(std::exception const& e) {
+        Catch::cerr() << "Catch will terminate because it needed to throw an exception.\n"
+                      << "The message was: " << e.what() << '\n';
+        std::terminate();
+    }
+#endif
+} // namespace Catch;
+// end catch_enforce.cpp
+// start catch_errno_guard.cpp
+
+#include <cerrno>
+
+namespace Catch {
+        ErrnoGuard::ErrnoGuard():m_oldErrno(errno){}
+        ErrnoGuard::~ErrnoGuard() { errno = m_oldErrno; }
+}
+// end catch_errno_guard.cpp
+// start catch_exception_translator_registry.cpp
+
+// start catch_exception_translator_registry.h
+
+#include <vector>
+#include <string>
+#include <memory>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class ExceptionTranslatorRegistry : public IExceptionTranslatorRegistry {
+    public:
+        ~ExceptionTranslatorRegistry();
+        virtual void registerTranslator( const IExceptionTranslator* translator );
+        virtual std::string translateActiveException() const override;
+        std::string tryTranslators() const;
+
+    private:
+        std::vector<std::unique_ptr<IExceptionTranslator const>> m_translators;
+    };
+}
+
+// end catch_exception_translator_registry.h
+#ifdef __OBJC__
+#import "Foundation/Foundation.h"
+#endif
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    ExceptionTranslatorRegistry::~ExceptionTranslatorRegistry() {
+    }
+
+    void ExceptionTranslatorRegistry::registerTranslator( const IExceptionTranslator* translator ) {
+        m_translators.push_back( std::unique_ptr<const IExceptionTranslator>( translator ) );
+    }
+
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
+    std::string ExceptionTranslatorRegistry::translateActiveException() const {
+        try {
+#ifdef __OBJC__
+            // In Objective-C try objective-c exceptions first
+            @try {
+                return tryTranslators();
+            }
+            @catch (NSException *exception) {
+                return Catch::Detail::stringify( [exception description] );
+            }
+#else
+            // Compiling a mixed mode project with MSVC means that CLR
+            // exceptions will be caught in (...) as well. However, these
+            // do not fill-in std::current_exception and thus lead to crash
+            // when attempting rethrow.
+            // /EHa switch also causes structured exceptions to be caught
+            // here, but they fill-in current_exception properly, so
+            // at worst the output should be a little weird, instead of
+            // causing a crash.
+            if (std::current_exception() == nullptr) {
+                return "Non C++ exception. Possibly a CLR exception.";
+            }
+            return tryTranslators();
+#endif
+        }
+        catch( TestFailureException& ) {
+            std::rethrow_exception(std::current_exception());
+        }
+        catch( std::exception& ex ) {
+            return ex.what();
+        }
+        catch( std::string& msg ) {
+            return msg;
+        }
+        catch( const char* msg ) {
+            return msg;
+        }
+        catch(...) {
+            return "Unknown exception";
+        }
+    }
+
+#else // ^^ Exceptions are enabled // Exceptions are disabled vv
+    std::string ExceptionTranslatorRegistry::translateActiveException() const {
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR("Attempted to translate active exception under CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS!");
+    }
+#endif
+
+    std::string ExceptionTranslatorRegistry::tryTranslators() const {
+        if( m_translators.empty() )
+            std::rethrow_exception(std::current_exception());
+        else
+            return m_translators[0]->translate( m_translators.begin()+1, m_translators.end() );
+    }
+}
+// end catch_exception_translator_registry.cpp
+// start catch_fatal_condition.cpp
+
+#if defined(__GNUC__)
+#    pragma GCC diagnostic push
+#    pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wmissing-field-initializers"
+#endif
+
+#if defined( CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH ) || defined( CATCH_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS )
+
+namespace {
+    // Report the error condition
+    void reportFatal( char const * const message ) {
+        Catch::getCurrentContext().getResultCapture()->handleFatalErrorCondition( message );
+    }
+}
+
+#endif // signals/SEH handling
+
+#if defined( CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH )
+
+namespace Catch {
+    struct SignalDefs { DWORD id; const char* name; };
+
+    // There is no 1-1 mapping between signals and windows exceptions.
+    // Windows can easily distinguish between SO and SigSegV,
+    // but SigInt, SigTerm, etc are handled differently.
+    static SignalDefs signalDefs[] = {
+        { EXCEPTION_ILLEGAL_INSTRUCTION,  "SIGILL - Illegal instruction signal" },
+        { EXCEPTION_STACK_OVERFLOW, "SIGSEGV - Stack overflow" },
+        { EXCEPTION_ACCESS_VIOLATION, "SIGSEGV - Segmentation violation signal" },
+        { EXCEPTION_INT_DIVIDE_BY_ZERO, "Divide by zero error" },
+    };
+
+    LONG CALLBACK FatalConditionHandler::handleVectoredException(PEXCEPTION_POINTERS ExceptionInfo) {
+        for (auto const& def : signalDefs) {
+            if (ExceptionInfo->ExceptionRecord->ExceptionCode == def.id) {
+                reportFatal(def.name);
+            }
+        }
+        // If its not an exception we care about, pass it along.
+        // This stops us from eating debugger breaks etc.
+        return EXCEPTION_CONTINUE_SEARCH;
+    }
+
+    FatalConditionHandler::FatalConditionHandler() {
+        isSet = true;
+        // 32k seems enough for Catch to handle stack overflow,
+        // but the value was found experimentally, so there is no strong guarantee
+        guaranteeSize = 32 * 1024;
+        exceptionHandlerHandle = nullptr;
+        // Register as first handler in current chain
+        exceptionHandlerHandle = AddVectoredExceptionHandler(1, handleVectoredException);
+        // Pass in guarantee size to be filled
+        SetThreadStackGuarantee(&guaranteeSize);
+    }
+
+    void FatalConditionHandler::reset() {
+        if (isSet) {
+            RemoveVectoredExceptionHandler(exceptionHandlerHandle);
+            SetThreadStackGuarantee(&guaranteeSize);
+            exceptionHandlerHandle = nullptr;
+            isSet = false;
+        }
+    }
+
+    FatalConditionHandler::~FatalConditionHandler() {
+        reset();
+    }
+
+bool FatalConditionHandler::isSet = false;
+ULONG FatalConditionHandler::guaranteeSize = 0;
+PVOID FatalConditionHandler::exceptionHandlerHandle = nullptr;
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+#elif defined( CATCH_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS )
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct SignalDefs {
+        int id;
+        const char* name;
+    };
+
+    // 32kb for the alternate stack seems to be sufficient. However, this value
+    // is experimentally determined, so that's not guaranteed.
+    constexpr static std::size_t sigStackSize = 32768 >= MINSIGSTKSZ ? 32768 : MINSIGSTKSZ;
+
+    static SignalDefs signalDefs[] = {
+        { SIGINT,  "SIGINT - Terminal interrupt signal" },
+        { SIGILL,  "SIGILL - Illegal instruction signal" },
+        { SIGFPE,  "SIGFPE - Floating point error signal" },
+        { SIGSEGV, "SIGSEGV - Segmentation violation signal" },
+        { SIGTERM, "SIGTERM - Termination request signal" },
+        { SIGABRT, "SIGABRT - Abort (abnormal termination) signal" }
+    };
+
+    void FatalConditionHandler::handleSignal( int sig ) {
+        char const * name = "<unknown signal>";
+        for (auto const& def : signalDefs) {
+            if (sig == def.id) {
+                name = def.name;
+                break;
+            }
+        }
+        reset();
+        reportFatal(name);
+        raise( sig );
+    }
+
+    FatalConditionHandler::FatalConditionHandler() {
+        isSet = true;
+        stack_t sigStack;
+        sigStack.ss_sp = altStackMem;
+        sigStack.ss_size = sigStackSize;
+        sigStack.ss_flags = 0;
+        sigaltstack(&sigStack, &oldSigStack);
+        struct sigaction sa = { };
+
+        sa.sa_handler = handleSignal;
+        sa.sa_flags = SA_ONSTACK;
+        for (std::size_t i = 0; i < sizeof(signalDefs)/sizeof(SignalDefs); ++i) {
+            sigaction(signalDefs[i].id, &sa, &oldSigActions[i]);
+        }
+    }
+
+    FatalConditionHandler::~FatalConditionHandler() {
+        reset();
+    }
+
+    void FatalConditionHandler::reset() {
+        if( isSet ) {
+            // Set signals back to previous values -- hopefully nobody overwrote them in the meantime
+            for( std::size_t i = 0; i < sizeof(signalDefs)/sizeof(SignalDefs); ++i ) {
+                sigaction(signalDefs[i].id, &oldSigActions[i], nullptr);
+            }
+            // Return the old stack
+            sigaltstack(&oldSigStack, nullptr);
+            isSet = false;
+        }
+    }
+
+    bool FatalConditionHandler::isSet = false;
+    struct sigaction FatalConditionHandler::oldSigActions[sizeof(signalDefs)/sizeof(SignalDefs)] = {};
+    stack_t FatalConditionHandler::oldSigStack = {};
+    char FatalConditionHandler::altStackMem[sigStackSize] = {};
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+#else
+
+namespace Catch {
+    void FatalConditionHandler::reset() {}
+}
+
+#endif // signals/SEH handling
+
+#if defined(__GNUC__)
+#    pragma GCC diagnostic pop
+#endif
+// end catch_fatal_condition.cpp
+// start catch_generators.cpp
+
+// start catch_random_number_generator.h
+
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <random>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct IConfig;
+
+    std::mt19937& rng();
+    void seedRng( IConfig const& config );
+    unsigned int rngSeed();
+
+}
+
+// end catch_random_number_generator.h
+#include <limits>
+#include <set>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+IGeneratorTracker::~IGeneratorTracker() {}
+
+namespace Generators {
+
+    GeneratorBase::~GeneratorBase() {}
+
+    std::vector<size_t> randomiseIndices( size_t selectionSize, size_t sourceSize ) {
+
+        assert( selectionSize <= sourceSize );
+        std::vector<size_t> indices;
+        indices.reserve( selectionSize );
+        std::uniform_int_distribution<size_t> uid( 0, sourceSize-1 );
+
+        std::set<size_t> seen;
+        // !TBD: improve this algorithm
+        while( indices.size() < selectionSize ) {
+            auto index = uid( rng() );
+            if( seen.insert( index ).second )
+                indices.push_back( index );
+        }
+        return indices;
+    }
+
+    auto acquireGeneratorTracker( SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) -> IGeneratorTracker& {
+        return getResultCapture().acquireGeneratorTracker( lineInfo );
+    }
+
+    template<>
+    auto all<int>() -> Generator<int> {
+        return range( std::numeric_limits<int>::min(), std::numeric_limits<int>::max() );
+    }
+
+} // namespace Generators
+} // namespace Catch
+// end catch_generators.cpp
+// start catch_interfaces_capture.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+    IResultCapture::~IResultCapture() = default;
+}
+// end catch_interfaces_capture.cpp
+// start catch_interfaces_config.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+    IConfig::~IConfig() = default;
+}
+// end catch_interfaces_config.cpp
+// start catch_interfaces_exception.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+    IExceptionTranslator::~IExceptionTranslator() = default;
+    IExceptionTranslatorRegistry::~IExceptionTranslatorRegistry() = default;
+}
+// end catch_interfaces_exception.cpp
+// start catch_interfaces_registry_hub.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+    IRegistryHub::~IRegistryHub() = default;
+    IMutableRegistryHub::~IMutableRegistryHub() = default;
+}
+// end catch_interfaces_registry_hub.cpp
+// start catch_interfaces_reporter.cpp
+
+// start catch_reporter_listening.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class ListeningReporter : public IStreamingReporter {
+        using Reporters = std::vector<IStreamingReporterPtr>;
+        Reporters m_listeners;
+        IStreamingReporterPtr m_reporter = nullptr;
+        ReporterPreferences m_preferences;
+
+    public:
+        ListeningReporter();
+
+        void addListener( IStreamingReporterPtr&& listener );
+        void addReporter( IStreamingReporterPtr&& reporter );
+
+    public: // IStreamingReporter
+
+        ReporterPreferences getPreferences() const override;
+
+        void noMatchingTestCases( std::string const& spec ) override;
+
+        static std::set<Verbosity> getSupportedVerbosities();
+
+        void benchmarkStarting( BenchmarkInfo const& benchmarkInfo ) override;
+        void benchmarkEnded( BenchmarkStats const& benchmarkStats ) override;
+
+        void testRunStarting( TestRunInfo const& testRunInfo ) override;
+        void testGroupStarting( GroupInfo const& groupInfo ) override;
+        void testCaseStarting( TestCaseInfo const& testInfo ) override;
+        void sectionStarting( SectionInfo const& sectionInfo ) override;
+        void assertionStarting( AssertionInfo const& assertionInfo ) override;
+
+        // The return value indicates if the messages buffer should be cleared:
+        bool assertionEnded( AssertionStats const& assertionStats ) override;
+        void sectionEnded( SectionStats const& sectionStats ) override;
+        void testCaseEnded( TestCaseStats const& testCaseStats ) override;
+        void testGroupEnded( TestGroupStats const& testGroupStats ) override;
+        void testRunEnded( TestRunStats const& testRunStats ) override;
+
+        void skipTest( TestCaseInfo const& testInfo ) override;
+        bool isMulti() const override;
+
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_reporter_listening.h
+namespace Catch {
+
+    ReporterConfig::ReporterConfig( IConfigPtr const& _fullConfig )
+    :   m_stream( &_fullConfig->stream() ), m_fullConfig( _fullConfig ) {}
+
+    ReporterConfig::ReporterConfig( IConfigPtr const& _fullConfig, std::ostream& _stream )
+    :   m_stream( &_stream ), m_fullConfig( _fullConfig ) {}
+
+    std::ostream& ReporterConfig::stream() const { return *m_stream; }
+    IConfigPtr ReporterConfig::fullConfig() const { return m_fullConfig; }
+
+    TestRunInfo::TestRunInfo( std::string const& _name ) : name( _name ) {}
+
+    GroupInfo::GroupInfo(  std::string const& _name,
+                           std::size_t _groupIndex,
+                           std::size_t _groupsCount )
+    :   name( _name ),
+        groupIndex( _groupIndex ),
+        groupsCounts( _groupsCount )
+    {}
+
+     AssertionStats::AssertionStats( AssertionResult const& _assertionResult,
+                                     std::vector<MessageInfo> const& _infoMessages,
+                                     Totals const& _totals )
+    :   assertionResult( _assertionResult ),
+        infoMessages( _infoMessages ),
+        totals( _totals )
+    {
+        assertionResult.m_resultData.lazyExpression.m_transientExpression = _assertionResult.m_resultData.lazyExpression.m_transientExpression;
+
+        if( assertionResult.hasMessage() ) {
+            // Copy message into messages list.
+            // !TBD This should have been done earlier, somewhere
+            MessageBuilder builder( assertionResult.getTestMacroName(), assertionResult.getSourceInfo(), assertionResult.getResultType() );
+            builder << assertionResult.getMessage();
+            builder.m_info.message = builder.m_stream.str();
+
+            infoMessages.push_back( builder.m_info );
+        }
+    }
+
+     AssertionStats::~AssertionStats() = default;
+
+    SectionStats::SectionStats(  SectionInfo const& _sectionInfo,
+                                 Counts const& _assertions,
+                                 double _durationInSeconds,
+                                 bool _missingAssertions )
+    :   sectionInfo( _sectionInfo ),
+        assertions( _assertions ),
+        durationInSeconds( _durationInSeconds ),
+        missingAssertions( _missingAssertions )
+    {}
+
+    SectionStats::~SectionStats() = default;
+
+    TestCaseStats::TestCaseStats(  TestCaseInfo const& _testInfo,
+                                   Totals const& _totals,
+                                   std::string const& _stdOut,
+                                   std::string const& _stdErr,
+                                   bool _aborting )
+    : testInfo( _testInfo ),
+        totals( _totals ),
+        stdOut( _stdOut ),
+        stdErr( _stdErr ),
+        aborting( _aborting )
+    {}
+
+    TestCaseStats::~TestCaseStats() = default;
+
+    TestGroupStats::TestGroupStats( GroupInfo const& _groupInfo,
+                                    Totals const& _totals,
+                                    bool _aborting )
+    :   groupInfo( _groupInfo ),
+        totals( _totals ),
+        aborting( _aborting )
+    {}
+
+    TestGroupStats::TestGroupStats( GroupInfo const& _groupInfo )
+    :   groupInfo( _groupInfo ),
+        aborting( false )
+    {}
+
+    TestGroupStats::~TestGroupStats() = default;
+
+    TestRunStats::TestRunStats(   TestRunInfo const& _runInfo,
+                    Totals const& _totals,
+                    bool _aborting )
+    :   runInfo( _runInfo ),
+        totals( _totals ),
+        aborting( _aborting )
+    {}
+
+    TestRunStats::~TestRunStats() = default;
+
+    void IStreamingReporter::fatalErrorEncountered( StringRef ) {}
+    bool IStreamingReporter::isMulti() const { return false; }
+
+    IReporterFactory::~IReporterFactory() = default;
+    IReporterRegistry::~IReporterRegistry() = default;
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_interfaces_reporter.cpp
+// start catch_interfaces_runner.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+    IRunner::~IRunner() = default;
+}
+// end catch_interfaces_runner.cpp
+// start catch_interfaces_testcase.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+    ITestInvoker::~ITestInvoker() = default;
+    ITestCaseRegistry::~ITestCaseRegistry() = default;
+}
+// end catch_interfaces_testcase.cpp
+// start catch_leak_detector.cpp
+
+#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_CRTDBG
+#include <crtdbg.h>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    LeakDetector::LeakDetector() {
+        int flag = _CrtSetDbgFlag(_CRTDBG_REPORT_FLAG);
+        flag |= _CRTDBG_LEAK_CHECK_DF;
+        flag |= _CRTDBG_ALLOC_MEM_DF;
+        _CrtSetDbgFlag(flag);
+        _CrtSetReportMode(_CRT_WARN, _CRTDBG_MODE_FILE | _CRTDBG_MODE_DEBUG);
+        _CrtSetReportFile(_CRT_WARN, _CRTDBG_FILE_STDERR);
+        // Change this to leaking allocation's number to break there
+        _CrtSetBreakAlloc(-1);
+    }
+}
+
+#else
+
+    Catch::LeakDetector::LeakDetector() {}
+
+#endif
+
+Catch::LeakDetector::~LeakDetector() {
+    Catch::cleanUp();
+}
+// end catch_leak_detector.cpp
+// start catch_list.cpp
+
+// start catch_list.h
+
+#include <set>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    std::size_t listTests( Config const& config );
+
+    std::size_t listTestsNamesOnly( Config const& config );
+
+    struct TagInfo {
+        void add( std::string const& spelling );
+        std::string all() const;
+
+        std::set<std::string> spellings;
+        std::size_t count = 0;
+    };
+
+    std::size_t listTags( Config const& config );
+
+    std::size_t listReporters();
+
+    Option<std::size_t> list( Config const& config );
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_list.h
+// start catch_text.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+    using namespace clara::TextFlow;
+}
+
+// end catch_text.h
+#include <limits>
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <iomanip>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    std::size_t listTests( Config const& config ) {
+        TestSpec testSpec = config.testSpec();
+        if( config.hasTestFilters() )
+            Catch::cout() << "Matching test cases:\n";
+        else {
+            Catch::cout() << "All available test cases:\n";
+        }
+
+        auto matchedTestCases = filterTests( getAllTestCasesSorted( config ), testSpec, config );
+        for( auto const& testCaseInfo : matchedTestCases ) {
+            Colour::Code colour = testCaseInfo.isHidden()
+                ? Colour::SecondaryText
+                : Colour::None;
+            Colour colourGuard( colour );
+
+            Catch::cout() << Column( testCaseInfo.name ).initialIndent( 2 ).indent( 4 ) << "\n";
+            if( config.verbosity() >= Verbosity::High ) {
+                Catch::cout() << Column( Catch::Detail::stringify( testCaseInfo.lineInfo ) ).indent(4) << std::endl;
+                std::string description = testCaseInfo.description;
+                if( description.empty() )
+                    description = "(NO DESCRIPTION)";
+                Catch::cout() << Column( description ).indent(4) << std::endl;
+            }
+            if( !testCaseInfo.tags.empty() )
+                Catch::cout() << Column( testCaseInfo.tagsAsString() ).indent( 6 ) << "\n";
+        }
+
+        if( !config.hasTestFilters() )
+            Catch::cout() << pluralise( matchedTestCases.size(), "test case" ) << '\n' << std::endl;
+        else
+            Catch::cout() << pluralise( matchedTestCases.size(), "matching test case" ) << '\n' << std::endl;
+        return matchedTestCases.size();
+    }
+
+    std::size_t listTestsNamesOnly( Config const& config ) {
+        TestSpec testSpec = config.testSpec();
+        std::size_t matchedTests = 0;
+        std::vector<TestCase> matchedTestCases = filterTests( getAllTestCasesSorted( config ), testSpec, config );
+        for( auto const& testCaseInfo : matchedTestCases ) {
+            matchedTests++;
+            if( startsWith( testCaseInfo.name, '#' ) )
+               Catch::cout() << '"' << testCaseInfo.name << '"';
+            else
+               Catch::cout() << testCaseInfo.name;
+            if ( config.verbosity() >= Verbosity::High )
+                Catch::cout() << "\t@" << testCaseInfo.lineInfo;
+            Catch::cout() << std::endl;
+        }
+        return matchedTests;
+    }
+
+    void TagInfo::add( std::string const& spelling ) {
+        ++count;
+        spellings.insert( spelling );
+    }
+
+    std::string TagInfo::all() const {
+        std::string out;
+        for( auto const& spelling : spellings )
+            out += "[" + spelling + "]";
+        return out;
+    }
+
+    std::size_t listTags( Config const& config ) {
+        TestSpec testSpec = config.testSpec();
+        if( config.hasTestFilters() )
+            Catch::cout() << "Tags for matching test cases:\n";
+        else {
+            Catch::cout() << "All available tags:\n";
+        }
+
+        std::map<std::string, TagInfo> tagCounts;
+
+        std::vector<TestCase> matchedTestCases = filterTests( getAllTestCasesSorted( config ), testSpec, config );
+        for( auto const& testCase : matchedTestCases ) {
+            for( auto const& tagName : testCase.getTestCaseInfo().tags ) {
+                std::string lcaseTagName = toLower( tagName );
+                auto countIt = tagCounts.find( lcaseTagName );
+                if( countIt == tagCounts.end() )
+                    countIt = tagCounts.insert( std::make_pair( lcaseTagName, TagInfo() ) ).first;
+                countIt->second.add( tagName );
+            }
+        }
+
+        for( auto const& tagCount : tagCounts ) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << "  " << std::setw(2) << tagCount.second.count << "  ";
+            auto str = rss.str();
+            auto wrapper = Column( tagCount.second.all() )
+                                                    .initialIndent( 0 )
+                                                    .indent( str.size() )
+                                                    .width( CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH-10 );
+            Catch::cout() << str << wrapper << '\n';
+        }
+        Catch::cout() << pluralise( tagCounts.size(), "tag" ) << '\n' << std::endl;
+        return tagCounts.size();
+    }
+
+    std::size_t listReporters() {
+        Catch::cout() << "Available reporters:\n";
+        IReporterRegistry::FactoryMap const& factories = getRegistryHub().getReporterRegistry().getFactories();
+        std::size_t maxNameLen = 0;
+        for( auto const& factoryKvp : factories )
+            maxNameLen = (std::max)( maxNameLen, factoryKvp.first.size() );
+
+        for( auto const& factoryKvp : factories ) {
+            Catch::cout()
+                    << Column( factoryKvp.first + ":" )
+                            .indent(2)
+                            .width( 5+maxNameLen )
+                    +  Column( factoryKvp.second->getDescription() )
+                            .initialIndent(0)
+                            .indent(2)
+                            .width( CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH - maxNameLen-8 )
+                    << "\n";
+        }
+        Catch::cout() << std::endl;
+        return factories.size();
+    }
+
+    Option<std::size_t> list( Config const& config ) {
+        Option<std::size_t> listedCount;
+        if( config.listTests() )
+            listedCount = listedCount.valueOr(0) + listTests( config );
+        if( config.listTestNamesOnly() )
+            listedCount = listedCount.valueOr(0) + listTestsNamesOnly( config );
+        if( config.listTags() )
+            listedCount = listedCount.valueOr(0) + listTags( config );
+        if( config.listReporters() )
+            listedCount = listedCount.valueOr(0) + listReporters();
+        return listedCount;
+    }
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_list.cpp
+// start catch_matchers.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Matchers {
+    namespace Impl {
+
+        std::string MatcherUntypedBase::toString() const {
+            if( m_cachedToString.empty() )
+                m_cachedToString = describe();
+            return m_cachedToString;
+        }
+
+        MatcherUntypedBase::~MatcherUntypedBase() = default;
+
+    } // namespace Impl
+} // namespace Matchers
+
+using namespace Matchers;
+using Matchers::Impl::MatcherBase;
+
+} // namespace Catch
+// end catch_matchers.cpp
+// start catch_matchers_floating.cpp
+
+// start catch_polyfills.hpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+    bool isnan(float f);
+    bool isnan(double d);
+}
+
+// end catch_polyfills.hpp
+// start catch_to_string.hpp
+
+#include <string>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    template <typename T>
+    std::string to_string(T const& t) {
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_TO_STRING)
+        return std::to_string(t);
+#else
+        ReusableStringStream rss;
+        rss << t;
+        return rss.str();
+#endif
+    }
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_to_string.hpp
+#include <cstdlib>
+#include <cstdint>
+#include <cstring>
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Matchers {
+namespace Floating {
+enum class FloatingPointKind : uint8_t {
+    Float,
+    Double
+};
+}
+}
+}
+
+namespace {
+
+template <typename T>
+struct Converter;
+
+template <>
+struct Converter<float> {
+    static_assert(sizeof(float) == sizeof(int32_t), "Important ULP matcher assumption violated");
+    Converter(float f) {
+        std::memcpy(&i, &f, sizeof(f));
+    }
+    int32_t i;
+};
+
+template <>
+struct Converter<double> {
+    static_assert(sizeof(double) == sizeof(int64_t), "Important ULP matcher assumption violated");
+    Converter(double d) {
+        std::memcpy(&i, &d, sizeof(d));
+    }
+    int64_t i;
+};
+
+template <typename T>
+auto convert(T t) -> Converter<T> {
+    return Converter<T>(t);
+}
+
+template <typename FP>
+bool almostEqualUlps(FP lhs, FP rhs, int maxUlpDiff) {
+    // Comparison with NaN should always be false.
+    // This way we can rule it out before getting into the ugly details
+    if (Catch::isnan(lhs) || Catch::isnan(rhs)) {
+        return false;
+    }
+
+    auto lc = convert(lhs);
+    auto rc = convert(rhs);
+
+    if ((lc.i < 0) != (rc.i < 0)) {
+        // Potentially we can have +0 and -0
+        return lhs == rhs;
+    }
+
+    auto ulpDiff = std::abs(lc.i - rc.i);
+    return ulpDiff <= maxUlpDiff;
+}
+
+}
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Matchers {
+namespace Floating {
+    WithinAbsMatcher::WithinAbsMatcher(double target, double margin)
+        :m_target{ target }, m_margin{ margin } {
+        CATCH_ENFORCE(margin >= 0, "Invalid margin: " << margin << '.'
+            << " Margin has to be non-negative.");
+    }
+
+    // Performs equivalent check of std::fabs(lhs - rhs) <= margin
+    // But without the subtraction to allow for INFINITY in comparison
+    bool WithinAbsMatcher::match(double const& matchee) const {
+        return (matchee + m_margin >= m_target) && (m_target + m_margin >= matchee);
+    }
+
+    std::string WithinAbsMatcher::describe() const {
+        return "is within " + ::Catch::Detail::stringify(m_margin) + " of " + ::Catch::Detail::stringify(m_target);
+    }
+
+    WithinUlpsMatcher::WithinUlpsMatcher(double target, int ulps, FloatingPointKind baseType)
+        :m_target{ target }, m_ulps{ ulps }, m_type{ baseType } {
+        CATCH_ENFORCE(ulps >= 0, "Invalid ULP setting: " << ulps << '.'
+            << " ULPs have to be non-negative.");
+    }
+
+#if defined(__clang__)
+#pragma clang diagnostic push
+// Clang <3.5 reports on the default branch in the switch below
+#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wunreachable-code"
+#endif
+
+    bool WithinUlpsMatcher::match(double const& matchee) const {
+        switch (m_type) {
+        case FloatingPointKind::Float:
+            return almostEqualUlps<float>(static_cast<float>(matchee), static_cast<float>(m_target), m_ulps);
+        case FloatingPointKind::Double:
+            return almostEqualUlps<double>(matchee, m_target, m_ulps);
+        default:
+            CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR( "Unknown FloatingPointKind value" );
+        }
+    }
+
+#if defined(__clang__)
+#pragma clang diagnostic pop
+#endif
+
+    std::string WithinUlpsMatcher::describe() const {
+        return "is within " + Catch::to_string(m_ulps) + " ULPs of " + ::Catch::Detail::stringify(m_target) + ((m_type == FloatingPointKind::Float)? "f" : "");
+    }
+
+}// namespace Floating
+
+Floating::WithinUlpsMatcher WithinULP(double target, int maxUlpDiff) {
+    return Floating::WithinUlpsMatcher(target, maxUlpDiff, Floating::FloatingPointKind::Double);
+}
+
+Floating::WithinUlpsMatcher WithinULP(float target, int maxUlpDiff) {
+    return Floating::WithinUlpsMatcher(target, maxUlpDiff, Floating::FloatingPointKind::Float);
+}
+
+Floating::WithinAbsMatcher WithinAbs(double target, double margin) {
+    return Floating::WithinAbsMatcher(target, margin);
+}
+
+} // namespace Matchers
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_matchers_floating.cpp
+// start catch_matchers_generic.cpp
+
+std::string Catch::Matchers::Generic::Detail::finalizeDescription(const std::string& desc) {
+    if (desc.empty()) {
+        return "matches undescribed predicate";
+    } else {
+        return "matches predicate: \"" + desc + '"';
+    }
+}
+// end catch_matchers_generic.cpp
+// start catch_matchers_string.cpp
+
+#include <regex>
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Matchers {
+
+    namespace StdString {
+
+        CasedString::CasedString( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity )
+        :   m_caseSensitivity( caseSensitivity ),
+            m_str( adjustString( str ) )
+        {}
+        std::string CasedString::adjustString( std::string const& str ) const {
+            return m_caseSensitivity == CaseSensitive::No
+                   ? toLower( str )
+                   : str;
+        }
+        std::string CasedString::caseSensitivitySuffix() const {
+            return m_caseSensitivity == CaseSensitive::No
+                   ? " (case insensitive)"
+                   : std::string();
+        }
+
+        StringMatcherBase::StringMatcherBase( std::string const& operation, CasedString const& comparator )
+        : m_comparator( comparator ),
+          m_operation( operation ) {
+        }
+
+        std::string StringMatcherBase::describe() const {
+            std::string description;
+            description.reserve(5 + m_operation.size() + m_comparator.m_str.size() +
+                                        m_comparator.caseSensitivitySuffix().size());
+            description += m_operation;
+            description += ": \"";
+            description += m_comparator.m_str;
+            description += "\"";
+            description += m_comparator.caseSensitivitySuffix();
+            return description;
+        }
+
+        EqualsMatcher::EqualsMatcher( CasedString const& comparator ) : StringMatcherBase( "equals", comparator ) {}
+
+        bool EqualsMatcher::match( std::string const& source ) const {
+            return m_comparator.adjustString( source ) == m_comparator.m_str;
+        }
+
+        ContainsMatcher::ContainsMatcher( CasedString const& comparator ) : StringMatcherBase( "contains", comparator ) {}
+
+        bool ContainsMatcher::match( std::string const& source ) const {
+            return contains( m_comparator.adjustString( source ), m_comparator.m_str );
+        }
+
+        StartsWithMatcher::StartsWithMatcher( CasedString const& comparator ) : StringMatcherBase( "starts with", comparator ) {}
+
+        bool StartsWithMatcher::match( std::string const& source ) const {
+            return startsWith( m_comparator.adjustString( source ), m_comparator.m_str );
+        }
+
+        EndsWithMatcher::EndsWithMatcher( CasedString const& comparator ) : StringMatcherBase( "ends with", comparator ) {}
+
+        bool EndsWithMatcher::match( std::string const& source ) const {
+            return endsWith( m_comparator.adjustString( source ), m_comparator.m_str );
+        }
+
+        RegexMatcher::RegexMatcher(std::string regex, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity): m_regex(std::move(regex)), m_caseSensitivity(caseSensitivity) {}
+
+        bool RegexMatcher::match(std::string const& matchee) const {
+            auto flags = std::regex::ECMAScript; // ECMAScript is the default syntax option anyway
+            if (m_caseSensitivity == CaseSensitive::Choice::No) {
+                flags |= std::regex::icase;
+            }
+            auto reg = std::regex(m_regex, flags);
+            return std::regex_match(matchee, reg);
+        }
+
+        std::string RegexMatcher::describe() const {
+            return "matches " + ::Catch::Detail::stringify(m_regex) + ((m_caseSensitivity == CaseSensitive::Choice::Yes)? " case sensitively" : " case insensitively");
+        }
+
+    } // namespace StdString
+
+    StdString::EqualsMatcher Equals( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity ) {
+        return StdString::EqualsMatcher( StdString::CasedString( str, caseSensitivity) );
+    }
+    StdString::ContainsMatcher Contains( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity ) {
+        return StdString::ContainsMatcher( StdString::CasedString( str, caseSensitivity) );
+    }
+    StdString::EndsWithMatcher EndsWith( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity ) {
+        return StdString::EndsWithMatcher( StdString::CasedString( str, caseSensitivity) );
+    }
+    StdString::StartsWithMatcher StartsWith( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity ) {
+        return StdString::StartsWithMatcher( StdString::CasedString( str, caseSensitivity) );
+    }
+
+    StdString::RegexMatcher Matches(std::string const& regex, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity) {
+        return StdString::RegexMatcher(regex, caseSensitivity);
+    }
+
+} // namespace Matchers
+} // namespace Catch
+// end catch_matchers_string.cpp
+// start catch_message.cpp
+
+// start catch_uncaught_exceptions.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+    bool uncaught_exceptions();
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_uncaught_exceptions.h
+#include <cassert>
+#include <stack>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    MessageInfo::MessageInfo(   StringRef const& _macroName,
+                                SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo,
+                                ResultWas::OfType _type )
+    :   macroName( _macroName ),
+        lineInfo( _lineInfo ),
+        type( _type ),
+        sequence( ++globalCount )
+    {}
+
+    bool MessageInfo::operator==( MessageInfo const& other ) const {
+        return sequence == other.sequence;
+    }
+
+    bool MessageInfo::operator<( MessageInfo const& other ) const {
+        return sequence < other.sequence;
+    }
+
+    // This may need protecting if threading support is added
+    unsigned int MessageInfo::globalCount = 0;
+
+    ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+
+    Catch::MessageBuilder::MessageBuilder( StringRef const& macroName,
+                                           SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo,
+                                           ResultWas::OfType type )
+        :m_info(macroName, lineInfo, type) {}
+
+    ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+
+    ScopedMessage::ScopedMessage( MessageBuilder const& builder )
+    : m_info( builder.m_info )
+    {
+        m_info.message = builder.m_stream.str();
+        getResultCapture().pushScopedMessage( m_info );
+    }
+
+    ScopedMessage::~ScopedMessage() {
+        if ( !uncaught_exceptions() ){
+            getResultCapture().popScopedMessage(m_info);
+        }
+    }
+
+    Capturer::Capturer( StringRef macroName, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo, ResultWas::OfType resultType, StringRef names ) {
+        auto trimmed = [&] (size_t start, size_t end) {
+            while (names[start] == ',' || isspace(names[start])) {
+                ++start;
+            }
+            while (names[end] == ',' || isspace(names[end])) {
+                --end;
+            }
+            return names.substr(start, end - start + 1);
+        };
+
+        size_t start = 0;
+        std::stack<char> openings;
+        for (size_t pos = 0; pos < names.size(); ++pos) {
+            char c = names[pos];
+            switch (c) {
+            case '[':
+            case '{':
+            case '(':
+            // It is basically impossible to disambiguate between
+            // comparison and start of template args in this context
+//            case '<':
+                openings.push(c);
+                break;
+            case ']':
+            case '}':
+            case ')':
+//           case '>':
+                openings.pop();
+                break;
+            case ',':
+                if (start != pos && openings.size() == 0) {
+                    m_messages.emplace_back(macroName, lineInfo, resultType);
+                    m_messages.back().message = trimmed(start, pos);
+                    m_messages.back().message += " := ";
+                    start = pos;
+                }
+            }
+        }
+        assert(openings.size() == 0 && "Mismatched openings");
+        m_messages.emplace_back(macroName, lineInfo, resultType);
+        m_messages.back().message = trimmed(start, names.size() - 1);
+        m_messages.back().message += " := ";
+    }
+    Capturer::~Capturer() {
+        if ( !uncaught_exceptions() ){
+            assert( m_captured == m_messages.size() );
+            for( size_t i = 0; i < m_captured; ++i  )
+                m_resultCapture.popScopedMessage( m_messages[i] );
+        }
+    }
+
+    void Capturer::captureValue( size_t index, std::string const& value ) {
+        assert( index < m_messages.size() );
+        m_messages[index].message += value;
+        m_resultCapture.pushScopedMessage( m_messages[index] );
+        m_captured++;
+    }
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_message.cpp
+// start catch_output_redirect.cpp
+
+// start catch_output_redirect.h
+#ifndef TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_OUTPUT_REDIRECT_H
+#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_OUTPUT_REDIRECT_H
+
+#include <cstdio>
+#include <iosfwd>
+#include <string>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class RedirectedStream {
+        std::ostream& m_originalStream;
+        std::ostream& m_redirectionStream;
+        std::streambuf* m_prevBuf;
+
+    public:
+        RedirectedStream( std::ostream& originalStream, std::ostream& redirectionStream );
+        ~RedirectedStream();
+    };
+
+    class RedirectedStdOut {
+        ReusableStringStream m_rss;
+        RedirectedStream m_cout;
+    public:
+        RedirectedStdOut();
+        auto str() const -> std::string;
+    };
+
+    // StdErr has two constituent streams in C++, std::cerr and std::clog
+    // This means that we need to redirect 2 streams into 1 to keep proper
+    // order of writes
+    class RedirectedStdErr {
+        ReusableStringStream m_rss;
+        RedirectedStream m_cerr;
+        RedirectedStream m_clog;
+    public:
+        RedirectedStdErr();
+        auto str() const -> std::string;
+    };
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NEW_CAPTURE)
+
+    // Windows's implementation of std::tmpfile is terrible (it tries
+    // to create a file inside system folder, thus requiring elevated
+    // privileges for the binary), so we have to use tmpnam(_s) and
+    // create the file ourselves there.
+    class TempFile {
+    public:
+        TempFile(TempFile const&) = delete;
+        TempFile& operator=(TempFile const&) = delete;
+        TempFile(TempFile&&) = delete;
+        TempFile& operator=(TempFile&&) = delete;
+
+        TempFile();
+        ~TempFile();
+
+        std::FILE* getFile();
+        std::string getContents();
+
+    private:
+        std::FILE* m_file = nullptr;
+    #if defined(_MSC_VER)
+        char m_buffer[L_tmpnam] = { 0 };
+    #endif
+    };
+
+    class OutputRedirect {
+    public:
+        OutputRedirect(OutputRedirect const&) = delete;
+        OutputRedirect& operator=(OutputRedirect const&) = delete;
+        OutputRedirect(OutputRedirect&&) = delete;
+        OutputRedirect& operator=(OutputRedirect&&) = delete;
+
+        OutputRedirect(std::string& stdout_dest, std::string& stderr_dest);
+        ~OutputRedirect();
+
+    private:
+        int m_originalStdout = -1;
+        int m_originalStderr = -1;
+        TempFile m_stdoutFile;
+        TempFile m_stderrFile;
+        std::string& m_stdoutDest;
+        std::string& m_stderrDest;
+    };
+
+#endif
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+#endif // TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_OUTPUT_REDIRECT_H
+// end catch_output_redirect.h
+#include <cstdio>
+#include <cstring>
+#include <fstream>
+#include <sstream>
+#include <stdexcept>
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NEW_CAPTURE)
+    #if defined(_MSC_VER)
+    #include <io.h>      //_dup and _dup2
+    #define dup _dup
+    #define dup2 _dup2
+    #define fileno _fileno
+    #else
+    #include <unistd.h>  // dup and dup2
+    #endif
+#endif
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    RedirectedStream::RedirectedStream( std::ostream& originalStream, std::ostream& redirectionStream )
+    :   m_originalStream( originalStream ),
+        m_redirectionStream( redirectionStream ),
+        m_prevBuf( m_originalStream.rdbuf() )
+    {
+        m_originalStream.rdbuf( m_redirectionStream.rdbuf() );
+    }
+
+    RedirectedStream::~RedirectedStream() {
+        m_originalStream.rdbuf( m_prevBuf );
+    }
+
+    RedirectedStdOut::RedirectedStdOut() : m_cout( Catch::cout(), m_rss.get() ) {}
+    auto RedirectedStdOut::str() const -> std::string { return m_rss.str(); }
+
+    RedirectedStdErr::RedirectedStdErr()
+    :   m_cerr( Catch::cerr(), m_rss.get() ),
+        m_clog( Catch::clog(), m_rss.get() )
+    {}
+    auto RedirectedStdErr::str() const -> std::string { return m_rss.str(); }
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NEW_CAPTURE)
+
+#if defined(_MSC_VER)
+    TempFile::TempFile() {
+        if (tmpnam_s(m_buffer)) {
+            CATCH_RUNTIME_ERROR("Could not get a temp filename");
+        }
+        if (fopen_s(&m_file, m_buffer, "w")) {
+            char buffer[100];
+            if (strerror_s(buffer, errno)) {
+                CATCH_RUNTIME_ERROR("Could not translate errno to a string");
+            }
+            CATCH_RUNTIME_ERROR("Coul dnot open the temp file: '" << m_buffer << "' because: " << buffer);
+        }
+    }
+#else
+    TempFile::TempFile() {
+        m_file = std::tmpfile();
+        if (!m_file) {
+            CATCH_RUNTIME_ERROR("Could not create a temp file.");
+        }
+    }
+
+#endif
+
+    TempFile::~TempFile() {
+         // TBD: What to do about errors here?
+         std::fclose(m_file);
+         // We manually create the file on Windows only, on Linux
+         // it will be autodeleted
+#if defined(_MSC_VER)
+         std::remove(m_buffer);
+#endif
+    }
+
+    FILE* TempFile::getFile() {
+        return m_file;
+    }
+
+    std::string TempFile::getContents() {
+        std::stringstream sstr;
+        char buffer[100] = {};
+        std::rewind(m_file);
+        while (std::fgets(buffer, sizeof(buffer), m_file)) {
+            sstr << buffer;
+        }
+        return sstr.str();
+    }
+
+    OutputRedirect::OutputRedirect(std::string& stdout_dest, std::string& stderr_dest) :
+        m_originalStdout(dup(1)),
+        m_originalStderr(dup(2)),
+        m_stdoutDest(stdout_dest),
+        m_stderrDest(stderr_dest) {
+        dup2(fileno(m_stdoutFile.getFile()), 1);
+        dup2(fileno(m_stderrFile.getFile()), 2);
+    }
+
+    OutputRedirect::~OutputRedirect() {
+        Catch::cout() << std::flush;
+        fflush(stdout);
+        // Since we support overriding these streams, we flush cerr
+        // even though std::cerr is unbuffered
+        Catch::cerr() << std::flush;
+        Catch::clog() << std::flush;
+        fflush(stderr);
+
+        dup2(m_originalStdout, 1);
+        dup2(m_originalStderr, 2);
+
+        m_stdoutDest += m_stdoutFile.getContents();
+        m_stderrDest += m_stderrFile.getContents();
+    }
+
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_NEW_CAPTURE
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NEW_CAPTURE)
+    #if defined(_MSC_VER)
+    #undef dup
+    #undef dup2
+    #undef fileno
+    #endif
+#endif
+// end catch_output_redirect.cpp
+// start catch_polyfills.cpp
+
+#include <cmath>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_POLYFILL_ISNAN)
+    bool isnan(float f) {
+        return std::isnan(f);
+    }
+    bool isnan(double d) {
+        return std::isnan(d);
+    }
+#else
+    // For now we only use this for embarcadero
+    bool isnan(float f) {
+        return std::_isnan(f);
+    }
+    bool isnan(double d) {
+        return std::_isnan(d);
+    }
+#endif
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_polyfills.cpp
+// start catch_random_number_generator.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    std::mt19937& rng() {
+        static std::mt19937 s_rng;
+        return s_rng;
+    }
+
+    void seedRng( IConfig const& config ) {
+        if( config.rngSeed() != 0 ) {
+            std::srand( config.rngSeed() );
+            rng().seed( config.rngSeed() );
+        }
+    }
+
+    unsigned int rngSeed() {
+        return getCurrentContext().getConfig()->rngSeed();
+    }
+}
+// end catch_random_number_generator.cpp
+// start catch_registry_hub.cpp
+
+// start catch_test_case_registry_impl.h
+
+#include <vector>
+#include <set>
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <ios>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class TestCase;
+    struct IConfig;
+
+    std::vector<TestCase> sortTests( IConfig const& config, std::vector<TestCase> const& unsortedTestCases );
+    bool matchTest( TestCase const& testCase, TestSpec const& testSpec, IConfig const& config );
+
+    void enforceNoDuplicateTestCases( std::vector<TestCase> const& functions );
+
+    std::vector<TestCase> filterTests( std::vector<TestCase> const& testCases, TestSpec const& testSpec, IConfig const& config );
+    std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTestCasesSorted( IConfig const& config );
+
+    class TestRegistry : public ITestCaseRegistry {
+    public:
+        virtual ~TestRegistry() = default;
+
+        virtual void registerTest( TestCase const& testCase );
+
+        std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTests() const override;
+        std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTestsSorted( IConfig const& config ) const override;
+
+    private:
+        std::vector<TestCase> m_functions;
+        mutable RunTests::InWhatOrder m_currentSortOrder = RunTests::InDeclarationOrder;
+        mutable std::vector<TestCase> m_sortedFunctions;
+        std::size_t m_unnamedCount = 0;
+        std::ios_base::Init m_ostreamInit; // Forces cout/ cerr to be initialised
+    };
+
+    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+
+    class TestInvokerAsFunction : public ITestInvoker {
+        void(*m_testAsFunction)();
+    public:
+        TestInvokerAsFunction( void(*testAsFunction)() ) noexcept;
+
+        void invoke() const override;
+    };
+
+    std::string extractClassName( StringRef const& classOrQualifiedMethodName );
+
+    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_test_case_registry_impl.h
+// start catch_reporter_registry.h
+
+#include <map>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class ReporterRegistry : public IReporterRegistry {
+
+    public:
+
+        ~ReporterRegistry() override;
+
+        IStreamingReporterPtr create( std::string const& name, IConfigPtr const& config ) const override;
+
+        void registerReporter( std::string const& name, IReporterFactoryPtr const& factory );
+        void registerListener( IReporterFactoryPtr const& factory );
+
+        FactoryMap const& getFactories() const override;
+        Listeners const& getListeners() const override;
+
+    private:
+        FactoryMap m_factories;
+        Listeners m_listeners;
+    };
+}
+
+// end catch_reporter_registry.h
+// start catch_tag_alias_registry.h
+
+// start catch_tag_alias.h
+
+#include <string>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct TagAlias {
+        TagAlias(std::string const& _tag, SourceLineInfo _lineInfo);
+
+        std::string tag;
+        SourceLineInfo lineInfo;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_tag_alias.h
+#include <map>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class TagAliasRegistry : public ITagAliasRegistry {
+    public:
+        ~TagAliasRegistry() override;
+        TagAlias const* find( std::string const& alias ) const override;
+        std::string expandAliases( std::string const& unexpandedTestSpec ) const override;
+        void add( std::string const& alias, std::string const& tag, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo );
+
+    private:
+        std::map<std::string, TagAlias> m_registry;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_tag_alias_registry.h
+// start catch_startup_exception_registry.h
+
+#include <vector>
+#include <exception>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class StartupExceptionRegistry {
+    public:
+        void add(std::exception_ptr const& exception) noexcept;
+        std::vector<std::exception_ptr> const& getExceptions() const noexcept;
+    private:
+        std::vector<std::exception_ptr> m_exceptions;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_startup_exception_registry.h
+// start catch_singletons.hpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct ISingleton {
+        virtual ~ISingleton();
+    };
+
+    void addSingleton( ISingleton* singleton );
+    void cleanupSingletons();
+
+    template<typename SingletonImplT, typename InterfaceT = SingletonImplT, typename MutableInterfaceT = InterfaceT>
+    class Singleton : SingletonImplT, public ISingleton {
+
+        static auto getInternal() -> Singleton* {
+            static Singleton* s_instance = nullptr;
+            if( !s_instance ) {
+                s_instance = new Singleton;
+                addSingleton( s_instance );
+            }
+            return s_instance;
+        }
+
+    public:
+        static auto get() -> InterfaceT const& {
+            return *getInternal();
+        }
+        static auto getMutable() -> MutableInterfaceT& {
+            return *getInternal();
+        }
+    };
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_singletons.hpp
+namespace Catch {
+
+    namespace {
+
+        class RegistryHub : public IRegistryHub, public IMutableRegistryHub,
+                            private NonCopyable {
+
+        public: // IRegistryHub
+            RegistryHub() = default;
+            IReporterRegistry const& getReporterRegistry() const override {
+                return m_reporterRegistry;
+            }
+            ITestCaseRegistry const& getTestCaseRegistry() const override {
+                return m_testCaseRegistry;
+            }
+            IExceptionTranslatorRegistry const& getExceptionTranslatorRegistry() const override {
+                return m_exceptionTranslatorRegistry;
+            }
+            ITagAliasRegistry const& getTagAliasRegistry() const override {
+                return m_tagAliasRegistry;
+            }
+            StartupExceptionRegistry const& getStartupExceptionRegistry() const override {
+                return m_exceptionRegistry;
+            }
+
+        public: // IMutableRegistryHub
+            void registerReporter( std::string const& name, IReporterFactoryPtr const& factory ) override {
+                m_reporterRegistry.registerReporter( name, factory );
+            }
+            void registerListener( IReporterFactoryPtr const& factory ) override {
+                m_reporterRegistry.registerListener( factory );
+            }
+            void registerTest( TestCase const& testInfo ) override {
+                m_testCaseRegistry.registerTest( testInfo );
+            }
+            void registerTranslator( const IExceptionTranslator* translator ) override {
+                m_exceptionTranslatorRegistry.registerTranslator( translator );
+            }
+            void registerTagAlias( std::string const& alias, std::string const& tag, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) override {
+                m_tagAliasRegistry.add( alias, tag, lineInfo );
+            }
+            void registerStartupException() noexcept override {
+                m_exceptionRegistry.add(std::current_exception());
+            }
+
+        private:
+            TestRegistry m_testCaseRegistry;
+            ReporterRegistry m_reporterRegistry;
+            ExceptionTranslatorRegistry m_exceptionTranslatorRegistry;
+            TagAliasRegistry m_tagAliasRegistry;
+            StartupExceptionRegistry m_exceptionRegistry;
+        };
+    }
+
+    using RegistryHubSingleton = Singleton<RegistryHub, IRegistryHub, IMutableRegistryHub>;
+
+    IRegistryHub const& getRegistryHub() {
+        return RegistryHubSingleton::get();
+    }
+    IMutableRegistryHub& getMutableRegistryHub() {
+        return RegistryHubSingleton::getMutable();
+    }
+    void cleanUp() {
+        cleanupSingletons();
+        cleanUpContext();
+    }
+    std::string translateActiveException() {
+        return getRegistryHub().getExceptionTranslatorRegistry().translateActiveException();
+    }
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_registry_hub.cpp
+// start catch_reporter_registry.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    ReporterRegistry::~ReporterRegistry() = default;
+
+    IStreamingReporterPtr ReporterRegistry::create( std::string const& name, IConfigPtr const& config ) const {
+        auto it =  m_factories.find( name );
+        if( it == m_factories.end() )
+            return nullptr;
+        return it->second->create( ReporterConfig( config ) );
+    }
+
+    void ReporterRegistry::registerReporter( std::string const& name, IReporterFactoryPtr const& factory ) {
+        m_factories.emplace(name, factory);
+    }
+    void ReporterRegistry::registerListener( IReporterFactoryPtr const& factory ) {
+        m_listeners.push_back( factory );
+    }
+
+    IReporterRegistry::FactoryMap const& ReporterRegistry::getFactories() const {
+        return m_factories;
+    }
+    IReporterRegistry::Listeners const& ReporterRegistry::getListe